How to Install Firefox Quantum 69 in Linux

Firefox 69 officially released for all major OS e.g. Linux (32/64 bit), Mac OSX, Windows and Android. The binary package are now available for download for Linux (POSIX) systems, grab desired one and enjoy the browsing with new features added to it.

What’s new in Firefox 69

This new release comes with the following features:

  • A new feature that prevents websites from automatically playing videos.
  • No more third party tracking cookies.
  • Stronger Privacy with Firefox 69
  • Improved search experience.
  • Enhanced performance and nicer user experience for extensions.
  • Other various security fixes.

New Firefox has also added a lots of new interesting features to Android as well. So, don’t wait, just grab the latest Firefox for android from Google Play Store and have fun.

Install Firefox Quantum 69 in Linux Systems

Ubuntu users will always get the latest version of Firefox via default Ubuntu’s update channel. But the upgrade isn’t yet available and if you are curious to try it, there is an official Mozilla PPA to test the new version of Firefox Quantum on Ubuntu and its derivatives.

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mozillateam/firefox-next
$ sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade
$ sudo apt install firefox

In this article, we will cover Firefox Quantum 69 stable installation from tarball sources in Debian and Red Hat based Linux distributions such as CentOS, Fedora, etc.

The download link for Mozilla tarballs can be found by accessing the below link.

  1. https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/all/

The process of installing the latest version of Firefox from archive sources is similar for Ubuntu and CentOS desktop version. To begin with, log in to your desktop and open a Terminal console.

Then, issue the below commands in your Terminal in order to download and install Firefox from tarball sources. The installation files will be placed in your distribution /opt directory.

For 32-Bit OS
$ cd /opt
$ sudo wget https://download-installer.cdn.mozilla.net/pub/firefox/releases/69.0/linux-i686/en-US/firefox-69.0.tar.bz2
$ sudo tar xfj firefox-69.0.tar.bz2 
For 64-Bit OS
$ cd /opt
$ sudo wget https://download-installer.cdn.mozilla.net/pub/firefox/releases/69.0/linux-x86_64/en-US/firefox-68.0.tar.bz2
$ sudo tar xfj firefox-69.0.tar.bz2 

After Firefox application files had been decompressed and installed to /opt/firefox/ system path, execute the below command to first launch the browser. The latest version of Firefox should open in your system.

$ /opt/firefox/firefox

In order to create a quick launch icon in your desktop applications menu, issue the following commands in terminal. First change directory to /usr/share/application/ directory and create a new desktop application quick launcher based on firefox.desktop app launcher. The new launcher will be named mozilla-quantum.desktop.

$ cd /usr/share/applications/
$ sudo cp firefox.desktop firefox-quantum.desktop 

Afterwards, open firefox-quantum.desktop file for editing and search and update the following lines.

Name=Firefox Quantum Web Browser
Exec=/opt/firefox/firefox %u
Exec=/opt/firefox/firefox -new-window
Exec=/opt/firefox/firefox -private-window

Save and close the file changes. Launch Mozilla Quantum by navigating to Applications -> Internet menu where a new Firefox Quantum launcher should appear. In Ubuntu desktop just search for quantum in Unity dash.

After hitting on the shortcut icon, you should see the new Mozilla Quantum browser in action in your system.

Firefox Quantum

Firefox Quantum

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Mozilla 69.0 browser from a tarball source file in Ubuntu and CentOS Linux distributions.

Note : You can also install Firefox with package manager called ‘yum‘ or ‘dnf‘ for Centos/Fedora/RHEL and ‘apt-get‘ for Ubuntu based distributions, but the available version may be little older.

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72 Responses

  1. MikeOh Shark says:

    Mozilla 68.0 would not run on my Linux Mint 13 (yes, I know it is out of support but I run all apps in firejails and behind iptables). I believe it is from an older gtk release. Firefox goes into a constant loop of crash reporter, this even when disabling crash reporter by editing the application.ini file.

    How can I determine what libraries Firefox needs? Can I obtain the correct libraries, copy them to the same folder as Firefox, and still run it in a firejail?

  2. Joe Btsfsplnk says:

    After I type the terminal command /opt/firefox/firefox, I get Syntax error: “(” unexpected

  3. Mirek Zvolsky says:

    XPCOMGlueLoad error for file /var/tmp/firefox/libxul.so:
    libXcomposite.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
    Couldn’t load XPCOM.

    testing machine in VirtualBox/Vagrant, CentOs, ssh/xwindows forwarding :((

    • Ravi Saive says:

      @Mirek,

      The latest Firefox 60 requires GTK 3.4 to run. The only way to install latest version of Firefox is to upgrade your Linux system.

      • Mirek Zvolsky says:

        yum provides “*/libgtk-3.so.0” # -> gtk3
        yum install gtk3

        So I have installed gtk3, xorg-x11-xauth, dejavu-lgc-sans-fonts.
        vagrant ssh (Vagrantfile: forwardconfig.ssh.forward_agent = true ; config.ssh.forward_x11 = true)
        or: ssh [email protected] -X -p 2222
        ….works

        • Ravi Saive says:

          @Mirek,

          That’s really great and thanks for sharing, let me give a try on my CentOS 6 box, last day me too facing same problem, but I didn’t tried it installing from YUM package manager thought latest Firefox needs upgraded GTK…:)

      • Mirek Zvolsky says:

        ssh -X # or:

        vagrant ssh
          where in Vagrantfile:
            config.ssh.forward_agent=true
            config.ssh.forward_x11=true;
        
        yum install gtk3
        yum install xorg-x11-xauth
        yum install dejavu-lgc-sans-fonts
        # log out/in (exit/ssh)
        echo $DISPLAY   # will print: localhost:10.0
        

        We need firefox v58+ (at this time v52 from repo is not enough)

        su
        cd /opt
        wget https://download-installer.cdn.mozilla.net/pub/firefox/releases/60.0/linux-x86_64/en-US/firefox-60.0.tar.bz2
        tar xfj firefox-60.0.tar.bz2
        ln -s /opt/firefox/firefox /usr/bin/firefox
        exit  # -> normal user
        firefox
        
  4. Howard says:

    If coming from Firefox ESR (Extended Support Release) then I think you might want to adjust your edits suggested above as follows:

    1) Do a global search and replace:

    $ sudo vi /usr/share/applications/firefox-quantum.desktop  
    :%s/Firefox ESR/Firefox Quantum/g
    

    >> 46 substitutions

    2) Include just one Exec line edited as follows:

    -> Exec=/usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr %u  
    +> Exec=/opt/firefox/firefox %u  
    

    3) Leave Icon=firefox-esr (otherwise it disappears from my cinnamon menu.) Perhaps someone else can tell me how to do this better.

    4) Simplify StartupWMClass:

    -> StartupWMClass=Firefox-ESR
    +> StartupWMClass=Firefox
    

    So far this seems to work for me. (Debian Stretch 9.2 / Cinnamon 3.2.7)

    THANKS A BUNCH RAVI. YOUR PAGE REALLY HELPED ME!

    • Andres says:

      I just copied the icon from the quantum firefox directory to the “icon directory??”. (No idea if that’s what pixmaps actually is…)

      # cp /opt/firefox/browser/icons/mozicon.png /usr/share/pixmaps/
      

      -> Icon=firefox-esr
      +> Icon=mozicon128

      Thanks Howard for all the other info!

  5. David says:

    thanks for the Firefox Quantum installation steps for Linux.

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