14 Things to Do After Installing Ubuntu 14.10 (Utopic Unicorn)

Canonical finally announced the availability of Ubuntu 14.10, the new release came with many updated packages and programs which is very good for people who are looking for the most updated packages, in this article, we’re going to talk about the most important 14 things to do after install Ubuntu 14.10.

Update: Ubuntu 15.10 Released – 27 Things to Do After Ubuntu 15.10 Installation

Things Do After Installing Ubuntu 14 10

Things Do After Installing Ubuntu 14 10

First you may would like to view our tutorial about installing Ubuntu 14.10 on your machine, then follow the following article in order to configure your Ubuntu 14.10 installation.

  1. Ubuntu 14.10 Desktop Installation Guide

Just to make sure that everything works great, run this command to update the packages lists in your system.

$ sudo apt-get update

1. Adjust the Keyboard Layout

To adjust the keyboard layout on your system, click on the keyboard applet that you see on the above panel, and choose “Text Entry Settings”.

Adjust Keyboard Layout in Ubuntu 14.10

Keyboard Layout Chart

Click on the “+” button to add a new language.

Add Keyboard Language in Ubuntu 14.10

Add Keyboard Language

Choose the language you want to add.

Select Keyboard Language

Select Keyboard Language

Now to adjust the keyboard’s key that will change the layout, click on the entry box under “Switch to Next Source Using” and hit they keys you want to use on your keyboard.

Adjust Keyboard Layout in Ubuntu 14.10

Adjust Keyboard Layout

2. Turn Off Online Search

When you search using the Unity dash, all the words that you search about will be sent for websites like BBC, Facebook, Amazon.. etc, which is a something that you may not like, specially for those people who care for their privacy.

To turn it off, open “System Settings” and head to “Security & Privacy”.

System Settings

System Settings

Head to the “Search” tab and turn online search to off from there.

Turn Off Online Search in Ubuntu 14.10

Turn Off Online Search

3. Fix System Error Messages

This is a very noisy thing in many Ubuntu releases, the “Apport” application which is responsible for error reports and crash messages is not adjusted very well, which is the reason that it shows crash messages all the time.

Remove System Error Message

Remove System Error Message

To fix the problem, just remove the application (in case you don’t want to report bugs).

$ sudo apt-get remove apport

4. Install Mate Desktop

MATE desktop is a fork from the old Gnome 2 desktop environment, the latest version from it is 1.8, fortunately, MATE desktop is now available to download & install from the official repositories for Ubuntu 14.10.

Install Mate in Ubuntu 14.10

Install Mate Desktop

All what you have to do is run.

$ sudo apt-get install mate-desktop-environment-core

If you want to download more applets & add-ons for MATE, run this command.

$ sudo apt-get install mate-desktop-environment-extra

5. Install XFCE Desktop

XFCE is a light desktop environment for your system, well, it’s not that light, but it is a combine from lightness and good appearance, the latest available version from XFCE in the Ubuntu repositories is 4.11 (Until the time of writing this article).

Install XFCE In Ubuntu 14.10

Install XFCE Desktop

To install XFCE desktop with Xubuntu settings (which are a good settings for the XFCE desktop) on Ubuntu 14.10, run.

$ sudo apt-get install xubuntu-desktop

If you want to install some add-ons for the XFCE desktop, you may run.

$ sudo apt-get install xfce4-goodies

6. Install Graphics Card Driver

Nouveau” is the open source graphics card driver for Nvidia cards, it’s installed by default in Ubuntu 14.10 and works very well, but it isn’t very good to run big games like those in Steam, that’s why, we need a closed-source driver to run those games, to install it.

$ sudo apt-get install nvidia-current

If your computer has Nvidia Optimus technology inside it, run this command instead of the above.

$ sudo apt-get install bumblebee

For AMD graphics card, “Radeon” is the open-source driver and it’s installed by default in Ubuntu 14.10 as well, but if you want to install the closed-source driver, you will have to run.

$ sudo apt-get install fglrx fglrx-amdcccle

After you install the drivers, you will have to restart the computer in order to start using them.

Install Graphics Driver in Ubuntu 14.10

Install Graphics Driver

7. Install Flash Plugin & Java

Installing Flash plugin (11.2) is very easy in Ubuntu 14.10, just run.

$ sudo apt-get install flashplugin-installer

But, if you want to install Flash plugin (14.0 alpha) you’ll have to run the following commands.

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install freshplayerplugin

Note: If you want to run the Flash plugin (14.0) on Firefox, you’ll have to download and install Google Chrome, elsewhere, the plugin won’t run on Firefox (Yes, in order to run it on Firefox, you have to install Chrome).

If you want to download Java, you will have to add the WebUpd8 repository to your apt-get repositories to able to do so, to add the repository run.

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
$ sudo apt-get update

If you want to install Java 6, 7 or 8, use the following command.

$ sudo apt-get install oracle-java6-installer		[Java 6]
$ sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installer		[Java 7]
$ sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer		[Java 8]

8. Install Skype

If you don’t know what Skype is, you don’t have to continue reading this section. Skype is the 1st application for both messaging, video & audio calls. If you want to install it on your Ubuntu 14.10, you may download it from this link.

  1. http://www.skype.com/en/download-skype/skype-for-computer/
Install Skype in Ubuntu 14.10

Install Skype

9. Install Synaptic Package Manager

Synaptic is one of the most amazing package managers out there, in fact, it was installed by default in Ubuntu but later it was removed in the recent Ubuntu releases, but it still a good program to have for those who want to manage their system packages easily without the need to deal with the command line.

Install Synaptic Package

Install Synaptic Package

To install Synaptic, run.

$ sudo apt-get install synaptic

10. Install Wine, PlayOnLinux & VirtualBox

Wine is a compatibility layer to run Microsoft Windows applications on all POSIX-complient systems, which means that it will help you to run Windows applications on Ubuntu 14.10 as well. To install Wine, run.

$ sudo apt-get install wine

PlayOnLinux is an applications that’s designed to allow you to run many modern games & apps that are designed for Windows on Linux, in fact, PlayOnLinux is a front-end for Wine, so when you try to install PlayOnLinux, you’ll have to install Wine.

To install PlayOnLinux, run in the terminal.

$ sudo apt-get install playonlinux

Unlike the other applications mentioned above, VirtualBox is a virtualization program that allows you to install Windows, Mac, Linux, BSD and other systems inside your Linux system, which means that you will be able to run a system inside your current system, don’t be afraid to give it a try.

$ sudo apt-get install virtualbox

11. Install VLC Media Player

The most famous application in the world to run multimedia files, VLC can almost run any video & audio file in any format. To install VLC on Ubuntu 14.10, run.

$ sudo apt-get install vlc
Install VLC in Ubuntu 14.10

Install VLC Player

12. Install Numix Theme

Numix theme is a nice theme for both GTK 2 & 3 beside a nice icon theme suite and wallpapers, it’s one of the most beautiful themes out there, if you want to install it on your Ubuntu 14.10 system, you’ll have to add the Numix project PPA first.

$ sudo apt-add-repository ppa:numix/ppa
$ sudo apt-get update

Now, to install the GTK theme.

$ sudo apt-get install numix-gtk-theme

To install the icon theme.

$ sudo apt-get install numix-icon-theme

To install the circled icon theme.

$ sudo apt-get install numix-icon-theme-circle

To install the Plymouth theme.

$ sudo apt-get install numix-plymouth-theme

To install the wallpapers.

$ sudo apt-get install numix-wallpaper-aurora
Install Numix Theme in Ubuntu 14.10

Install Numix Theme

13. Install Faenza Icon Theme

Faenza is the most famous icon suite under the Linux desktop, if you want to use it, you will have to download it from the below link.

Install Faenza Icon Theme

Install Faenza Icon Theme

  1. http://gnome-look.org/content/show.php/?content=128143

Extract the downloaded file, and re-extract the sub compressed files in order to get the icons folders, now copy the icon suite you want (Faenza, Faenza Dark..etc) and paste them to /home/$USER/.icons, replace $USER with your user name.

Now use some tools like Gnome Tweak Tool or Unity Tweak Tool to change the icon theme, to install those tools run.

$ sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool
$ sudo apt-get install unity-tweak-tool
Gnome Tweak Tool

Gnome Tweak Tool

14. Install More Web Browsers

Firefox Is the default web browser in Ubuntu – which is a something that many don’t like – so you may download another browsers like chromium.

$ sudo apt-get install chromium-browser
Install Chromium Browser

Install Chromium Browser

Another most famous browser is Midori, which is a very light browser in fact.

$ sudo apt-get install midori

Few other famous browsers you may download and install it using following links.

  1. Google Chromehttp://www.google.com/chrome/
  2. Maxthon browserhttp://www.maxthon.com/

Those were some quick tips to do after installing Ubuntu 14.10. Tell us, what is the first thing that you may do after installing any version of Ubuntu?

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37 Responses

  1. Morten Abildgaard says:

    Why do you recommend the proprietary solution VirtualBox instead of just using the built-in KVM virtualization layer thus supporting FOSS?
    You should be all set with
    sudo apt-get install virt-manager libvirt-bin

    • Mark Curtis says:

      Virtualbox is in the repositories is FOSS, the extensions are not.

    • Hanny Helal says:

      We’re just explaining how to install the most common & useful programs, if you noticed, things like Flash and Java are closed-source, but they are very important for any Linux user.

  2. donald says:

    hi

    there is an error in the mate section, the command for installing mate & the addons is the same:

    sudo apt-get install mate-desktop-environment-core

    please correct
    Bye

  3. Dear Sir,

    Please help me i am unable to find driver for my ubuntu 12.10

  4. John says:

    You have a typo for the PPA for Flash in Item #7.

    Instead of

    sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimograd/webupd8

    it should be

    sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8

  5. Andrea says:

    To add something:

    I am running the MATE-Desktop, as this is the most stable one for me.

    Greetings
    Andrea

    • Hanny Helal says:

      Hello Andrea.

      Sorry i don’t know exactly where the problem is, meanwhile you can add the command “sudo service network-manager start” to the startup commands in order to run it automatically if you want, you can ask for help at: http://ask.ubuntu.com

      MATE isn’t very stable yet, there are many common problems that’ll face you while using it, It’s better to wait until MATE 1.10.

      Thanks.

  6. Andrea says:

    hi Hanny Helal,

    I have a serious problem since days. For me, after one of the updates, network-manager dropped from the panel and also network-manager does not even start up at boot. I always get the message:

    wait for network-manager configuration

    Then follows:

    wait up 60 seconds more for network-configuration

    followed by:

    not able to boot with network-configuration booting system without full network-configuration

    Then the system boots and I have to start network-manager via Terminal-command:

    sudo service network-manager start

    Then network connects normally…For me, this again seems like a race-bug or something like that….

    Can you help with this please??

  7. John says:

    Do NOT install fglrx. It made my system unusuable. It froze at the ubuntu logo at startup.

  8. Ethan says:

    #12. sudo add-apt-repository ppa:numix/ppa should be sudo apt-add-repository ppa:numix/ppa

    • Ravi Saive says:

      @Ethan,
      Thanks bringing to our notice, we’ve corrected the command.

    • Hanny Helal says:

      Hello Ethan.

      It’s is not a typo, because both commands will work, you can try it yourself:

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:numix/ppa
      sudo apt-add-repository ppa:numix/ppa

      And both commands will work just fine.

      • Dollar Sign Police says:

        I’m assuming you copy and pasted those commands above and included the “$” from the command line. Causes an error for anyone copy and pasting from this page.

        • Hanny Helal says:

          Hello.

          The ‘$’ mark is just for styling the commands, of course it shouldn’t be copied from / to the terminal :)

          Thanks.

          • Someone says:

            If you really want to show the “$”, you might want to make it a table with no borders — that way when someone triple-clicks on the command, they’ll be able to paste it without the leading “$” and space.

  9. woody says:

    Thanks!!! I was upset about the system error report message. Where is ‘Apport’ located?

    • Hanny Helal says:

      Hello woody.

      Can you explain a little bit more about what you mean by “where Apport is located”? you just have to remove the package from the package manager.

  10. Kris says:

    After installing nvidia drivers system crash. purge nvidia* helps.

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