Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty Tahr) LTS Released – Installation Guide and Few System Tweaks

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Matei Cezar

I'am a computer addicted guy, a fan of open source and linux based system software, have about 4 years experience with Linux distributions desktop, servers and bash scripting.

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26 Responses

  1. PPS says:

    Hi,
    I’ve installed Ubuntu 14.04 LTS. It successfully installed in my amd64 system. But there is a problem in booting process. When I choose to boot the Ubuntu from GRUB as a normal boot, it can be stucked with a black screen. But when I boot it in recovery mode, it boots properly.
    Where may be the problem?
    Can you please help me?

  2. manesh says:

    Hi
    I installed ubuntu 14.04 as per your instructions (something else and three partitions – root, swap, home) but after the restart , it couldnt find my hard drive and kept booting into setup.
    So i tried the erase and install ubuntu default option and everything seemed to work fine.
    and lsblk in terminal shows
    sda1 512mb /boot/efi
    sda2 4.7 gb swap
    sda3 442 gb /media/temp/5f4a7464-4ce6-4b53-97de-dadb38461b0
    sda4 18.1 gb /

    my question is does this mean that it requires a boot partition , and how come it isnt mentioned in the guide ?

    • Matei Cezar says:

      No,the installation does not require a separate /boot partition, but if you want to create it, just do it! If the /boot partition is not manually created, then it resides inside /(root) partition by default! If you installed using this guide and you could’nt boot then it was surely another issue with the installation or you did not handle partitions according to this guide!

      • manesh says:

        Alright, i did follow the guide as written , its just that i noticed the boot partition needing to be there in your 15.04 installation . Anyways , thanks for your explanation . :)

  3. Chris says:

    After a clean install of Ubuntu 14.0.4 from windows 8, I cannot log in. I insert my password but it makes the drum sound and returns to the login screen. Cannot figure out what’s going on since I am a Linux newbie so would appreciate any help. Thanks in advance.

    • Matei Cezar says:

      What you describe seems to be a bug with logging on Ubuntu. I can’t help you much with this issue! Anyway try to press ctrl+alt+F1 to enter a terminal session, login with your system sudo credentials and verify /home/$USER permissions to belong to your login user, and, also, install ubuntu-session with sudo apt-get install ubuntu-session command!

    • PPS says:

      HI Chris,
      I’ve the same problem here.
      Previously, I’ve installed the 32-bit ISO image into the AMD64 based Laptop.
      After that, When I installed amd64 ISO image into my laptop. The problem is go away.
      I hope, you should follow my instructions to get rid of this problem.
      Thank You.

  4. Lee says:

    How do you restore an Ubuntu LTS when the archives are no longer available in common nodes? ‘d like to restore Saucy but I’m getting errors that some archives have been removed from saucy-translations & saucy-multiversion. I’ve tried different mirror sites but nothing works.

    • Matei Cezar says:

      Looks like the official support for Ubuntu 13.10 (Saucy Salamander) has expired and Canonical had disabled the sources! I don’t think you can do much, but to upgrade to a newer version or a LTS version!

  5. Dylan says:

    Nice installation guide, I’m having one problem, when i choose encrypt home drive, i cannot log into the encrypted home drive O.o, any ideas?

  6. Mohammed says:

    Hello;

    I have upgraded my ubuntu 12.04 to 14.04 (64bits) and now I want to create a separate partition in order to install on it a Windows system but really I don’t know how to do it since I am a beginner on Linux. So I downloaded Gparted to see my partitions and I got 2 partitions and one as unknown :

    1st partition : /dev/sda1 which has a file system ext4 and has the largest size on my laptop (924 GiB, and my hard drive’s size is about 1TB) and has a flag “boot”
    2nd partition : /dev/sda2 which has a file system “extended” and a size of 7.89 GiB
    3rd partition : /dev/sda5 with a “!” concatenated to its name and a file system “unknown” and has the same size of 2nd partition.
    So, I want at first to resize my partition (the 1st one) and then to have a standard partition (boot, home and swap) after which I want to create a separate partition for Windows to install an XP or Win7 on it.
    Can you please help me?

  7. G says:

    Hello,

    If I understood you correctly, you have two hard drives. If you look at the designations they should show as “sda1” and “sdb1” (minus the quotes).

    So lets say that your first hard drive (IDE or SATA) 1 [Master] is windows XP “sda1”.
    Your second hard drive (IDE or SATA) 2 [Slave] is where you want to place Ubuntu “sdb1”.
    Keep your both drives connected when doing the install.

    So during part 6 (six), you want to select “Something else”
    Look closely at the drives. There is a possibility that the 1st drive [Master] shows sda1, sda2, sda3 etc… meaning the first drive [master] has three partitions. That’s all fine.

    What you will be looking for is “sdb1”, the second drive, that should be all one partition, then you follow the above steps closely for partitioning the drive sdb1.
    JUST MAKE SURE that you know what drive XP is on [Master or Slave], you don’t want to overwrite that XP drive.
    Again, Master should be “sda1″ Windows XP and Slave sdb1 will then be Ubuntu.

    Also on newer Mother Boards there can be both SATA and IDE ports then you will see more then one Master if there is an IDE and SATA installed drive installed.
    Don’t worry about this, just Pay Attention to the 120Gb drive that has nothing on it.

    Back in the day I have seen the first drive as ‘sda0″ { that is a zero not an letter O } Goofy US ASCII for zero with no slash. That should not be an issue for you though.

    With the Master and Slave drives connected and with XP being on your Master drive; Ubuntu should see it and add it to the Grub2 boot menu so you can select from one or the other OS. If not, then someone can chime in here on how to add XP to the Grub2 boot menu. You can Google ” adding windows to grub menu ” again minus the quotes.

    I myself have 6 different operating systems on my main computer since I do tech support for a gaming company. XP, Vista, Win7, Win8, Ubuntu 14.04 and Mac. Yep Mac, kernel panics and all. Windows 10 is next, they skipped 9.

    Now, if anyone wants to add to or correct anything here I will not be offended.

    Good Luck Echha
    G

    p.s. You can do the install without the XP drive installed but you will have to manually add XP to the Grub2 boot menu. There are some small programs that you can install in XP that will let you edit the Grub boot menu to add or remove what you want, even which one boots as a default and even fancy boot menus. So after the Ubuntu install reconnect the XP drive then install and run the Grub2 editor.

    • G says:

      Just a quick comment on the Grub2 Menu. Remember the computer has to find the Grub boot in order for you to be able to boot one or the other OS. It has been a while, but if I remember correctly the Grub edit program will help you find the Grub2 boot and set it so the computer will find it after the Bios Post boot.

  8. Echha Thapa says:

    Hollo, Linux users
    Yesterday I tried to install Ubuntu 14.04 on my computer, the hard drive is 120 Gb IDE hard drive from Samsung, I went to the installation procedure a couple times, but it failed to boot. when it says installation complete, restart computer, when I hit restart, my BIOS is unable to find the operating system, it says Intel boot agent is exiting, … press any key, etc. So after installing Ubuntu on my system my computer refuses to boot.
    I tried to install Ubuntu on a hard drive which I was using as a second hard drive for windows XP machine. This hard drive had four partitions. I had already disconnected the primary hard drive on which XP was running.
    I am a first time user of Linux. Where may be the problem?

  9. Matei Cezar says:

    Yes…you’re right …I recommend swap only if you have less then 2GB of RAM. Actually on new systems with more than 8GB of RAM i disable swap completely or just make one swap partition, no more than 2G RAM. The problem changes if you use a SSD disk…you can use it for swap space due to its increased speed ….but still, if your system has min 8GB of RAM use SSD swap no more than 2GB.
    Also swap problem is relative ;) it depends on how you intend to use your system…and if it truly needs lot of swap!

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