VirtualBox is an open-source cross-platform virtualization software, it can be installed on any operating system and enable you to install and run multiple guests operating systems on the same computer.
For example, if you install it on your Linux system, you can run Windows XP operating system under it as a Guest OS or run Linux OS on your Windows system and so on. This way, you can install and run as many as guest operating systems as you like, the only limit is disk space and memory.
Recently Oracle has released the latest stable version of Virtualbox 6.1, the newest version of Virtual box comes with so many major changes and new features added to it.
You can see the complete new changelog details about VirtualBox 6.1 on their Official Changelog Page.
On this page:
Installing VirtualBox 6.1 in RHEL/CentOS and Fedora
To install the latest stable version of VirtualBox, you need to first download the virtualbox.repo configuration file using the following wget command and then import the public key using rpm command.
----------------- On CentOS and RHEL ----------------- # wget https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/rpm/rhel/virtualbox.repo -P /etc/yum.repos.d/ # rpm --import https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox.asc ----------------- On Fedora ----------------- # wget http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/rpm/fedora/virtualbox.repo -P /etc/yum.repos.d/ # rpm --import https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox.asc
Next, enable the EPEL repository to install build tools and dependencies on the system.
----------------- On CentOS/RHEL 8 ----------------- # dnf install https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-8.noarch.rpm ----------------- On CentOS/RHEL 7 ----------------- # yum install https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm ----------------- On CentOS/RHEL 6 ----------------- # yum install https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-6.noarch.rpm
Install Dependency Packages for VirtualBox
VirtualBox uses vboxdrv kernel module to control and allocate physical memory for the execution of guest operating systems. Without this module, you can still use the VirtualBox to create and configure virtual machines, but they will not work.
So, to make VirtualBox fully functional you will need to update your system first, then install some additional modules like DKMS, kernel-headers, and kernel-devel and some dependency packages.
----------------- On CentOS/RHEL 8 ----------------- # dnf update # dnf install binutils kernel-devel kernel-headers libgomp make patch gcc glibc-headers glibc-devel dkms -y ----------------- On CentOS/RHEL 7/6 ----------------- # yum update # yum install binutils kernel-devel kernel-headers libgomp make patch gcc glibc-headers glibc-devel dkms -y ----------------- On Fedora ----------------- # dnf update # dnf install @development-tools # dnf install kernel-devel kernel-headers dkms qt5-qtx11extras elfutils-libelf-devel zlib-devel
Install VirtualBox 6.1
Once you’ve installed all the needed dependency packages, you can install the latest version of VirtualBox using the following command.
# dnf install VirtualBox-6.1 OR # yum install VirtualBox-6.1
At this point, you are ready to start using VirtualBox by running the following command on the terminal.
If you get the following error during the Virtualbox installation, it means there is a conflict between the two Kernel versions.
This system is currently not set up to build kernel modules. Please install the Linux kernel "header" files matching the current kernel
To resolve the issue, first, check your installed kernel and then update the Linux kernel by running the command:
# uname -r # dnf update kernel-* Or # yum update kernel-*
When the update complete, reboot your system and select the latest kernel from the grub boot menu, this entry usually the first entry as you can see.
Once the system is done with booting, log in and once again confirm that the kernel-devel version now matches the version of the Linux kernel.
# rpm -q kernel-devel # uname -r
Then, re-start the build set-up process and confirm that your VirtualBox installation was successful by running:
# /sbin/vboxconfig # systemctl status vboxdrv
If you get any error message like KERN_DIR or if your kernel source directory not detected automatically by the build process, you can set it by using the following command. Make sure you change the kernel version according to your system as shown in red color.
## RHEL / CentOS / Fedora ## KERN_DIR=/usr/src/kernels/4.19.0-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64 ## Export KERN_DIR ## export KERN_DIR
Installing VirtualBox 6.1 in Debian, Ubuntu and Linux Mint
To install the latest stable version of VirtualBox, you need to add the official Virtualbox repository using the following command.
$ wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox_2016.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add - $ wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add - $ sudo apt install software-properties-common $ sudo add-apt-repository "deb [arch=amd64] http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian $(lsb_release -cs) contrib
Then, update the software package list and install the latest version of VirtualBox.
$ sudo apt-get install virtualbox-6.1
Simply execute the following command to start it from the terminal or use launcher from the menu to start.
VirtualBox 6.1 Screenshots on CentOS 7
Installing VirtualBox Extension Pack in Linux
If you need some additional functionality such as VirtualBox RDP, PXE, ROM with E1000 support and USB 2.0 Host Controller support, etc. You need to download and install the VirtualBox Extension Pack using following wget command.
# wget https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/6.1.10/Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-6.1.10.vbox-extpack
To install the extension pack, you must have Virtualbox 6.1 installed, once you downloaded vbox-extpack open with Virtualbox as shown below.
If it doesn’t work out, then open Virtaulbox –> Preferences –> Extensions and browse for the vbox-extpack to install it.
Read Also: How to Enable USB in VirtualBox
If you want to update the VirtualBox with the latest version in the future, you can simply run the following command to update it.
# yum update VirtualBox-*
On Ubuntu/Linux Mint
# apt-get install VirtualBox-*
If in case you want to remove VirtualBox completely, just use the following command to remove it completely from your system.
# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/ # rm -rf virtualbox.repo # yum remove VirtualBox-*
On Ubuntu/Linux Mint
# apt-get remove VirtualBox-*
You can also Download VirtualBox 6.1 for other Linux, Windows, and Mac OS X platforms.