There are several command-line tools for managing a wireless network interface in Linux systems. A number of these can be used to simply view the wireless network interface status (whether it is up or down, or if it is connected to any network), such as iw, iwlist, ip, ifconfig and others.
And some are used to connect to a wireless network, and these include: nmcli, is a command-line tool used to create, show, edit, delete, enable, and disable network connections, as well as control and display network device status.
First start by checking the name of your network device using the following command. From the output of this command, the device name/interface is wlp1s0 as shown.
$ iw dev phy#0 Interface wlp1s0 ifindex 3 wdev 0x1 addr 38:b1:db:7c:78:c7 type managed
Next, check the Wi-Fi device connection status using the following command.
iw wlp2s0 link Not connected.
From the output above the device is not connected to any network, run the following command to scan available Wi-Fi networks.
sudo iw wlp2s0 scan command failed: Network is down (-100)
Considering the output of the above command, the network device/interface is DOWN, you can turn it On (UP) with the ip command as shown.
$ sudo ip link set wlp1s0 up
If you get the following error, that means your Wifi is hard blocked on Laptop or Computer.
RTNETLINK answers: Operation not possible due to RF-kill
To remove or unblock you need to run the following command to solve the error.
$ echo "blacklist hp_wmi" | sudo tee /etc/modprobe.d/hp.conf $ sudo rfkill unblock all
Then try to turn ON the network device once more, and it should work this time around.
$ sudo ip link set wlp1s0 up
If you know the ESSID of the Wi-Fi network you wish to connect to, move to the next step, otherwise issue the command below to scan available Wi-Fi networks again.
$ sudo iw wlp1s0 scan
And lastly, connect to the wi-fi network using following command, where Hackernet (Wi-Fi network SSID) and localhost22 (password/pre-shared key).
$ nmcli dev wifi connect Hackernet password localhost22
Once connected, verify your connectivity by doing a ping to an external machine and analyze the output of the ping as shown.
$ ping 220.127.116.11 PING 18.104.22.168 (22.214.171.124) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 126.96.36.199: icmp_seq=1 ttl=48 time=61.7 ms 64 bytes from 188.8.131.52: icmp_seq=2 ttl=48 time=61.5 ms 64 bytes from 184.108.40.206: icmp_seq=3 ttl=48 time=61.6 ms 64 bytes from 220.127.116.11: icmp_seq=4 ttl=48 time=61.3 ms 64 bytes from 18.104.22.168: icmp_seq=5 ttl=48 time=63.9 ms ^C --- 22.214.171.124 ping statistics --- 5 packets transmitted, 5 received, 0% packet loss, time 4006ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 61.338/62.047/63.928/0.950 ms
That’s It! I hope this article helped you to setup your Wi-Fi network from the Linux command line. As always, if you found this article useful, share your thoughts in the comment section below.