Pydio – Create Own File Sharing and Synchronization Portal like Dropbox in Linux

Pydio File Sharing and Synchronization
Pydio – Create Own File Sharing and Synchronization Platform

Pydio is an Open source, secure and powerful online file sharing and synchronization software solution that can be an alternative to many online cloud storage systems. It can be accessed from the web, desktop or mobile platforms and hosting is private therefore you can implement your own security measures.

12 Open Source Cloud Storage Solutions to Sync Your Data Safely

Pydio Features

Pydio offers the following features:

  1. Secure links with passwords with an expiration date.
  2. Integration with LDAP/AD server for user authentication.
  3. Monitor user activities in real time on the system.
  4. Creation of workspace from shared folders among different users.
  5. Notify users of file or folder modifications.
  6. Supports SSO with many Content Management Systems (CMS) such as WordPress, Joomla, Drupal, Xibo and many others including custom designed CMS.
  7. Preview user files such as audio, video and documents such as Office documents, PDFs and many more.

In this tutorial, I am going to take you through the process of setting up Pydio file sharing and synchronization portal on RHEL/CentOS and Fedora.

Step 1: Installing Web Server and Dependencies

1. Pydio only requires a web server (Apache, Nginx or Lighttpd) with PHP 5.1 or higher along with some dependencies such as GD, MCrypt, Mbstring, DomXML, etc. In most of the today’s distributions, these libraries are pre-installed on standard PHP installation. If not, let’s install them using following series of commands.

Before installing dependencies, first you need to enable EPEL repository under your Linux system and update the repository database using yum package manager:

# yum install epel-release
# yum update

Once the repository has been enabled, you can now install the Apache web server and php libraries as shown:

# yum -y install httpd
# yum -y install php php-gd php-ldap php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring curl php-mcrypt* php-mysql

--------------- On Fedora 22+ ---------------
# dnf -y install php php-gd php-ldap php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring curl php-mcrypt* php-mysql

2. Once all the required PHP extensions are installed properly, it’s time to open Apache HTTP and HTTPS ports on firewall.

--------------- On FirewallD for CentOS 7 and Fedora 22+ ---------------
# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
# firewall-cmd --reload
--------------- On IPtables for CentOS 6 and Fedora ---------------
# iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
# iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT
# /etc/init.d/iptables save

Step 2: Create Pydio Database

3. To create pydio database, you must have MySQL/MariaDB server installed on the system, if not let’s install it.

# yum install mysql mysql-server            [On CentOS/RHEL 6 and Fedora]                 
# yum install mariadb mariadb-server        [On CentOS 7]
# dnf install mariadb mariadb-server        [On Fedora 22+]

Next secure mysql installation using command mysql_secure_installation and follow on screen instructions as shown.

MySQL Secure Installation
MySQL Secure Installation

Now connect to MySQL and create a new pydio user and set grant privileges as shown:

create database pydio;
create user pydio@localhost identified by 'tecmint';
grant all privileges on pydio.* to pydio@'localhost' identified by 'tecmint';

Step 3: Installing Pydio File Hosting Server

4. Here, we will use official Pydio repository to install most recent version of Pydio package with the help of following series of commands.

# rpm -Uvh
# yum update
# yum --disablerepo=pydio-testing install pydio

Step 4: Configuring Pydio File Hosting Server

5. Next open and add the following configuration to .htaccess file to enable Pydio access over web as shown:

# vi /var/lib/pydio/public/.htaccess

Add the following configuration.

Order Deny,Allow
Allow from all
<Files ".ajxp_*">
deny from all

RewriteEngine on
RewriteBase pydio_public
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule ^([a-zA-Z0-9_-]+)\.php$ share.php?hash=$1 [QSA]
RewriteRule ^([a-zA-Z0-9_-]+)--([a-z]+)$ share.php?hash=$1&lang=$2 [QSA]
RewriteRule ^([a-zA-Z0-9_-]+)$ share.php?hash=$1 [QSA]

In CentOS 7.x and Fedora 22+ distributions, you need to modify and add the following lines to pydio.conf file.

Alias /pydio /usr/share/pydio
Alias /pydio_public /var/lib/pydio/public

<Directory "/usr/share/pydio">
        Options FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride Limit FileInfo
	Require all granted
      	php_value error_reporting 2

<Directory "/var/lib/pydio/public">
        AllowOverride Limit FileInfo
	Require all granted
      	php_value error_reporting 2

6. Next configure php.ini to allow max file upload, disable php output buffering and increase memory_limit to boost performance of Pydio as shown:

# vi /etc/php.ini
post_max_size = 1G
upload_max_filesize = 1G
output_buffering = Off
memory_limit = 1024M

7. Now set correct charset encoding in your locale definition in the form: en_us.UTF-8. First find out current charset lang of system by running following command.

# echo $LANG

Next open /etc/pydio/bootstrap_conf.php file and add the following line.

define("AJXP_LOCALE", "en_US.UTF-8");

8. It is recommended to use SSL encryption to secure all Pydio connections of data over secure HTTPS network. To do this, first install the mod_ssl package and open the following file and modify as shown:

# yum install mod_ssl
# vi /etc/pydio/bootstrap_conf.php

Now uncomment the following line at the bottom of the file. This will automatically redirect all connection via HTTPS.

define("AJXP_FORCE_SSL_REDIRECT", true);

9. Finally restart Apache web server to take new changes into effect.

# systemctl restart httpd.service       [On CentOS 7 and Fedora 22+]
# service httpd restart                 [On CentOS 6 and Fedora]

Step 5: Start Pydio Web Installer Wizard

10. Now open your web browser and type the url to load the web installer.

Pydio Installer
Pydio Installer

Click on the “Start Wizard” and follow on screen installer instructions….

Create Pydio Admin Account

Create Pydio Admin Account
Create Pydio Admin Account

Setup Global Options

Set Pydio Global Options
Set Pydio Global Options

Configure Pydio MySQL Database

Configure Pydio MySQL Database
Configure Pydio MySQL Database
Pydio Login
Pydio Login
Pydio Dashboard
Pydio Dashboard


Cloud storage is on the rise and many companies out there are embarking on designing web file sharing software solutions such as Pydio. Hope you find this tutorial helpful and if you know of any other software out there that you have used, or if you are facing problems during installation or setup, let us know of it by leaving a comment. Thanks for reading and stay connected to Tecmint.


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Aaron Kili
Aaron Kili is a Linux and F.O.S.S enthusiast, an upcoming Linux SysAdmin, web developer, and currently a content creator for TecMint who loves working with computers and strongly believes in sharing knowledge.

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4 thoughts on “Pydio – Create Own File Sharing and Synchronization Portal like Dropbox in Linux”

  1. I have configure Pydio as per above mentioned steps, but when i tried to share file via a link and trying to access the share link it gives error as:

    Internal Server Error
    The server encountered an internal error or misconfiguration and was unable to complete your request.

    Please contact the server administrator at root@localhost to inform them of the time this error occurred, and the actions you performed just before this error.

    More information about this error may be available in the server error log.

    I have no idea, please help me..

    • @kumar

      Try to look at the HTTPD error logs under /var/log/apache2/ directory. And give us the errors you see about Pydio.

  2. Hi,
    I am using OwnCloud and I am pretty happy with it.

    I think I will have a look at Pydio because it looks interesting.
    One downside I think is that you need MariaDB or MySQL, OwnCloud allows you to use SQLite which might be enough for small companies or for private use.



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