12 Best Media Server Software for Linux in 2024

A media server is simply a specialized file server or computer system for storing media (digital videos/movies, audio/music, and images) that can be accessed over a network.

In order to set up a media server, you need computer hardware (or perhaps a cloud server) as well as software that enables you to organize your media files and makes it easier to stream and/or share them with friends and family.

In this article, we will share with you a list of the 12 best media server software for Linux systems. By the time you complete this article, you will be able to choose the most appropriate software to set up your home/office/cloud media server powered by a Linux system.

1. Kodi – Home Theater Software

Kodi (previously known as XBMC) is a free and open-source, highly customizable media server software, which is cross-platform and runs on Linux, Windows, macOS; iOS, and Android.

It is more than just a media server; it’s an ideal entertainment center software with a fabulous user interface and several other media server software appliances are based on it.

Kodi Home Theater Software
Kodi Home Theater Software

Kodi enables you to play movies/videos, music/audio, podcasts, view images, and other digital media files from your local computer or a network server as well as the internet.

Kodi Features:

  • Runs on a wide variety of devices.
  • It is user-friendly.
  • Supports a web interface.
  • Supports a variety of user-created Add-ons.
  • Supports televisions and remote controls.
  • Has a highly configurable interface via skins.
  • Allows you to watch and record live TV.
  • Supports importing pictures into a library.
  • Allows you to browse, view, sort, filter, or even start a slideshow of your pictures and much more.

How to Install Kodi on Linux

To install Kodi on Ubuntu-based distributions, use the following PPA to install the latest version.

$ sudo apt install software-properties-common
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:team-xbmc/ppa
$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install kodi

To install Kodi on Debian, use the following command, as Kodi is available in the default “main” Debian repository.

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install kodi

To install Kodi on Fedora use pre-built RPMFusion packages as shown.

$ sudo dnf install --nogpgcheck \  https://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm
$ sudo dnf install kodi

2. PLEX – Media Server

Plex is a powerful, secure fully-featured, and easy-to-install media server software that runs on Linux, Windows, macOS, and many other platforms.

Plex Home Media Server
Plex Home Media Server

It supports almost all major file formats and allows you to organize your media in a central point for easy access. Plex has an easy-to-navigate interface, and a collection of useful apps for a variety of devices: phones, tablets, gaming consoles, streaming devices, and smart TVs.

Plex Features:

  • Supports encrypted connections with multiple user accounts.
  • Allows you to easily pick and choose what to share.
  • Offers parental control functionality.
  • Supports mobile sync which offers offline access to your media files.
  • Supports the flinging of video from one device to another.
  • Also supports cloud sync.
  • Supports audio fingerprinting and automatic photo-tagging.
  • Has a media optimizer and much more.

How to Install Plex in Linux

To install Plex in Ubuntu, Fedora, and RHEL-based distributions, go to the download section and choose your Linux distribution architecture (32-bit or 64-bit) to download the DEB or RPM package and install it using your default package manager.

3. Subsonic – Personal Media Streamer

Subsonic is a secure, reliable, and easy-to-use personal media server and streamer that runs on Linux, Windows, macOS, and Synology NAS.

It is very customizable and supports all major media formats. There are more than 25 supported apps that you can use to stream music directly on your mobile phone.

Subsonic Personal Media Streamer
Subsonic Personal Media Streamer

Subsonic can operate with multiple users and any number of players at the same time. It allows you to play movies/videos or music/audio files on any compatible DLNA/UPnP devices.

Subsonic Features:

  • Has a highly configurable UI (user interface).
  • Supports secure connections over HTTPS/SSL.
  • Integrates with the best web services.
  • Supports up to 28 languages and comes with 30 different themes.
  • Offers chat features.
  • Allows you to access your server using your own address i.e. https://yourname.subsonic.org.
  • Supports authentication in LDAP and Active Directory.
  • Has an integrated podcast receiver.
  • Supports setting upload and download bandwidth limits and lots more.

How to Install Subsonic in Linux

To install Subsonic in Debian/Ubuntu and Fedora/RHEL distributions, you need to first install Java using the following commands on your respective distributions.

------------- Install Java in Debian and Ubuntu ------------- 
$ sudo apt install default-jre

------------- Install Java in Fedora and RHEL ------------- 
# dnf install java-openjdk

Next, go to the subsonic download section to grab the .deb or .rpm package and install it using your default package manager.

$ sudo dpkg -i subsonic-x.x.deb                    [On Debian/Ubuntu]
$ sudo yum install --nogpgcheck subsonic-x.x.rpm   [On Fedora/RHEL]

4. Madsonic – Music Streamer

Madsonic is an open-source, flexible, and secure web-based media server and media streamer developed using Java, which runs on Linux, macOS, Windows, and other Unix-like systems.

If you are a developer, there is a free REST API (Madsonic API) that you use to develop your own apps, add-ons, or scripts.

Madsonic Music Streamer
Madsonic Music Streamer

Madsonic Features:

  • Easy to use and comes with jukebox functionality.
  • It is highly flexible and scalable with an intuitive web interface.
  • Offers search and index functionalities with Chromecast support.
  • Has built-in support for your Dreambox receiver.
  • Supports authentication in LDAP and Active Directory.

How to Install Madsonic in Linux

To install Madsonic in Debian/Ubuntu and Fedora/RHEL distributions, you need to first install Java using the following commands on your respective distributions.

------------- Install Java in Debian and Ubuntu ------------- 
$ sudo apt install default-jre

------------- Install Java in Fedora and CentOS ------------- 
# dnf install java-openjdk

Next, go to the madsonic download section to grab the .deb or .rpm package and install it using your default package manager.

$ sudo dpkg -i Madsonic-x.x.xxxx.deb                         [On Debian/Ubuntu]
$ sudo sudo yum install --nogpgcheck Madsonic-x.x.xxxx.rpm   [On Fedora/RHEL]

5. Emby – Open Media Solution

Emby is a powerful, easy-to-use, and cross-platform media server software. Simply install the emby server on your machine running Linux, FreeBSD, Windows, macOS, or on NAS. You can also grab the emby app on Android, iOS, and Windows run the web client from a browser, or still use the emby TV app.

Emby Media Solution
Emby Media Solution

Once you have it, it will help you manage your personal media libraries, such as home videos, music, photos, and many other media formats.

Emby Features:

  • A beautiful UI with support for mobile sync and cloud sync.
  • Offers powerful web-based tools for managing your media files.
  • Supports parental control.
  • It automatically detects DLNA devices.
  • Enables easy sending of movies/videos, music, pictures, and live TV shows to Chromecast and much more.

How to Install Emby on Linux

To install Emby in Ubuntu, Fedora, and RHEL distributions, go to the emby download section and choose your Linux distribution to download DEB or RPM package and install it using your default package manager.

6. Gerbera – UPnP Media Server

Gerbera is a free open-source, powerful, flexible, and full-featured UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) media server. It comes with a simple and intuitive web user interface for easily configuring your web server.

Gerbera UPnP Media Server
Gerbera UPnP Media Server

Gerbera has a highly flexible configuration, allowing you to control the behavior of various features of the server. It allows you to browse and playback media via UPnP.

Gerbera Features:

  • It is easy to set up.
  • Supports metadata extraction from mp3, ogg, FLAC, jpeg, etc. files.
  • Supports user-defined server layout based on extracted metadata.
  • Support for ContentDirectoryService container updates.
  • Comes with Exif thumbnail support.
  • Supports automatic directory rescans (timed, inotify).
  • Offers a nice Web UI with a tree view of the database and the file system, allowing to add/remove/edit/browse media.
  • Support for external URLs (create links to internet content and serve them via UPnP to your renderer).
  • Supports flexible media format transcoding via plugins/scripts and much more.

How to Install Gerbera on Linux

To install Gerbera in Ubuntu, Fedora, and RHEL distributions, follow our installation guide that explains the installation of Gerbera – UPnP Media Server in Linux and also shows how to stream media files using Gerbera on your home network.

Alternatively, you can install Gerbera in Linux distributions using:

------------- Install Gerbera in Debian and Ubuntu ------------- 
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:stephenczetty/gerbera-updates
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt install gerbera

------------- Install Gerbera in Fedora, CentOS and RHEL ------------- 
$ sudo dnf install gerbera

7. Red5 Media Server

Red5 is an open-source, powerful, and multi-platform media streaming server for streaming live audio/video, recording client streams (FLV and AVC+AAC), remote object sharing, data synchronization, and much more.

It is developed to be flexible with an effortless plugin architecture that offers customization for any live-streaming scenario.

Red5 Media Server
Red5 Media Server

How to Install Red5 in Linux

To install Red5 in Linux, follow the installation instructions on Github to get started with the server.

8. Jellyfin

Jellyfin is an open-source and free media streaming system that enables you to control and manage the stream of your media.

It is an alternative to Emby and Plex, which offers media streaming from a dedicated server to end-user devices through multiple applications.

Jellyfin - Media Streaming System
Jellyfin – Media Streaming System

How to Install Jellyfin on Linux

Install Jellyfin via the Apt repository in Debian-based distributions.

$ sudo apt install apt-transport-https
$ wget -O - https://repo.jellyfin.org/jellyfin_team.gpg.key | sudo apt-key add -
$ echo "deb [arch=$( dpkg --print-architecture )] https://repo.jellyfin.org/$( awk -F'=' '/^ID=/{ print $NF }' /etc/os-release ) $( awk -F'=' '/^VERSION_CODENAME=/{ print $NF }' /etc/os-release ) main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jellyfin.list
$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install jellyfin

For other Linux distributions, go to the Jellyfin download page and follow the installation instructions.

9. Universal Media Server

Universal Media Server is a DLNA-compatible UPnP media solution that was created as a fork of PS3 Media Server. It enables you to stream media files to a wide range of devices including TVs, smartphones, gaming consoles, computers, audio receivers, and Blu-ray players.

Universal Media Server
Universal Media Server

How to Install Universal Media Server in Linux

To install UMS in Linux, you need to download UMS tarball and compile it from the source.

10. LibreELEC – Open Embedded Linux Entertainment Center

LibreELEC is a lightweight Linux-based operating system for setting up your machine as a media server using Kodi. It is built from scratch for the sole purpose of running Kodi media server software.

LibreELEC - Open Embedded Linux
LibreELEC – Open Embedded Linux

It allows you to organize your movie collections; and offers you a picture browser, music and audiobook player, TV and personal video recorder, and a TV show management functionality. It is highly extensible through a great number of add-ons.

OpenELEC Features

  • Organize your movie collections and play your media with relevant info, subtitles, and fan art.
  • Manually watch all your photos or use a handy slide show with a zoom effect.
  • Browse, watch, and record your favorite TV channels.
  • Manage your TV series and keep track of your favorite episodes.
  • Listen to audio files in various formats with artists’ photos and album covers.
  • Easy expandable with Addons.

How to Install LibreELEC on Linux

As we said, LibreELEC is a small Linux-based operating system built from scratch as a platform to turn your computer into a Kodi media center.

To install it, go to the LibreELEC download section choose your Linux distribution to download DEB or RPM package, and install it using your default package manager.

11. OSMC – Open Source Media Center

OSMC is a free open-source, simple, easy-to-use, full-featured media server software and media streamer for Linux. It is based on the Kodi media server software.

It supports all well-known media formats and a variety of sharing protocols. In addition, it comes with a remarkable interface. Once you have installed it, you get easy updates and apps to use.

OSMC - Open Source Media Center
OSMC – Open Source Media Center

How to Install OSMC on Linux

To install OSMC in Debian/Ubuntu, Fedora, and RHEL/CentOS distributions, first go to the OSMC download section and install it.

12. Ampache

Ampache is an open-source audio and video streaming media server and file manager that enables you to host and manage your own audio/video collection on your server.

It can stream your music and videos to your computer, smartphone, smart TV, or tablet using Ampache’s web interface from anywhere using an internet connection.

Ampache - Music Streaming Server
Ampache – Music Streaming Server

For Ampache installation, please visit the wiki page.


In this article, we shared with you some of the best media server software for Linux systems. If you know any media server software for Linux missing from the list above, just hit us up via the feedback form below.

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Aaron Kili
Aaron Kili is a Linux and F.O.S.S enthusiast, an upcoming Linux SysAdmin, web developer, and currently a content creator for TecMint who loves working with computers and strongly believes in sharing knowledge.

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Leave a Reply
  1. Hi there, a very good one is stremio it has so much on it and there is a third-party server build called pimp my stremio that you can set up as a web server… You won’t be disappointed.

  2. The author of the article does not appear to understand the difference between a server and a client. Kodi is a client, not a server, similarly, some of the other applications are primarily clients not servers. And why include discontinued software in a “best” list. Discontinued software by virtue of being discontinued cannot be considered best.

  3. I’d have say Plex is fast then Kodi. Kodi is great but the lack of an app for the smart TV’s hurts. Plex dominates in this arena.

  4. Would be very informative if you could mention and compare features such as; adding IMDB metadata, auto subtitles, and transcoding on the fly.


  5. Check out MythTV and let me know how that compares. I have used it for more than a decade and have some of the same media from that time – pretty amazing considering the number of hardware replacements, O/S and version upgrades. – Much appreciated.

  6. Plex and Emby are crippled media servers without paying for their premium plans. It would be nice if the apps were called out as having their features locked behind premium gateways.

    • Plex runs fine without paying you only need to pay if you want to stream your media over the internet to other devices. if you’re only using it as a home media server you don’t pay anything

      • That’s not true either. You can stream your media over the internet without paying. Most Plex apps are free. Only Android, iOS, and Windows Phone apps are crippled until you pay for a Plex Pass.

        Paying for a Plex Pass gets you uncrippled mobile apps (noted above), live TV and DVR functions (with a separate tuner, like HDHomeRun), LyricFind lyrics for your music, and some other enhancements.

        • Or, you know, just use Kodi, which gives you all those things out the box. Uses DB compression (to avoid lots of GB worth of database files), is 100% open source and free, forever. Oh, and it’s been around (in one form or another) for 15 years… A good 7 years longer than any of these “competitors”.

    • @tsl

      Welcome, now you have the list of media server software to choose from, to setup your server. If you need more help, you can always reach us. Thanks.


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