14 Things to Do After Installing Ubuntu 14.10 (Utopic Unicorn)

Canonical finally announced the availability of Ubuntu 14.10, the new release came with many updated packages and programs which is very good for people who are looking for the most updated packages, in this article, we’re going to talk about the most important 14 things to do after install Ubuntu 14.10.

Update: Ubuntu 15.10 Released – 27 Things to Do After Ubuntu 15.10 Installation

Things Do After Installing Ubuntu 14 10

Things Do After Installing Ubuntu 14 10

First you may would like to view our tutorial about installing Ubuntu 14.10 on your machine, then follow the following article in order to configure your Ubuntu 14.10 installation.

  1. Ubuntu 14.10 Desktop Installation Guide

Just to make sure that everything works great, run this command to update the packages lists in your system.

$ sudo apt-get update

1. Adjust the Keyboard Layout

To adjust the keyboard layout on your system, click on the keyboard applet that you see on the above panel, and choose “Text Entry Settings”.

Adjust Keyboard Layout in Ubuntu 14.10

Keyboard Layout Chart

Click on the “+” button to add a new language.

Add Keyboard Language in Ubuntu 14.10

Add Keyboard Language

Choose the language you want to add.

Select Keyboard Language

Select Keyboard Language

Now to adjust the keyboard’s key that will change the layout, click on the entry box under “Switch to Next Source Using” and hit they keys you want to use on your keyboard.

Adjust Keyboard Layout in Ubuntu 14.10

Adjust Keyboard Layout

2. Turn Off Online Search

When you search using the Unity dash, all the words that you search about will be sent for websites like BBC, Facebook, Amazon.. etc, which is a something that you may not like, specially for those people who care for their privacy.

To turn it off, open “System Settings” and head to “Security & Privacy”.

System Settings

System Settings

Head to the “Search” tab and turn online search to off from there.

Turn Off Online Search in Ubuntu 14.10

Turn Off Online Search

3. Fix System Error Messages

This is a very noisy thing in many Ubuntu releases, the “Apport” application which is responsible for error reports and crash messages is not adjusted very well, which is the reason that it shows crash messages all the time.

Remove System Error Message

Remove System Error Message

To fix the problem, just remove the application (in case you don’t want to report bugs).

$ sudo apt-get remove apport

4. Install Mate Desktop

MATE desktop is a fork from the old Gnome 2 desktop environment, the latest version from it is 1.8, fortunately, MATE desktop is now available to download & install from the official repositories for Ubuntu 14.10.

Install Mate in Ubuntu 14.10

Install Mate Desktop

All what you have to do is run.

$ sudo apt-get install mate-desktop-environment-core

If you want to download more applets & add-ons for MATE, run this command.

$ sudo apt-get install mate-desktop-environment-extra

5. Install XFCE Desktop

XFCE is a light desktop environment for your system, well, it’s not that light, but it is a combine from lightness and good appearance, the latest available version from XFCE in the Ubuntu repositories is 4.11 (Until the time of writing this article).

Install XFCE In Ubuntu 14.10

Install XFCE Desktop

To install XFCE desktop with Xubuntu settings (which are a good settings for the XFCE desktop) on Ubuntu 14.10, run.

$ sudo apt-get install xubuntu-desktop

If you want to install some add-ons for the XFCE desktop, you may run.

$ sudo apt-get install xfce4-goodies

6. Install Graphics Card Driver

Nouveau” is the open source graphics card driver for Nvidia cards, it’s installed by default in Ubuntu 14.10 and works very well, but it isn’t very good to run big games like those in Steam, that’s why, we need a closed-source driver to run those games, to install it.

$ sudo apt-get install nvidia-current

If your computer has Nvidia Optimus technology inside it, run this command instead of the above.

$ sudo apt-get install bumblebee

For AMD graphics card, “Radeon” is the open-source driver and it’s installed by default in Ubuntu 14.10 as well, but if you want to install the closed-source driver, you will have to run.

$ sudo apt-get install fglrx fglrx-amdcccle

After you install the drivers, you will have to restart the computer in order to start using them.

Install Graphics Driver in Ubuntu 14.10

Install Graphics Driver

7. Install Flash Plugin & Java

Installing Flash plugin (11.2) is very easy in Ubuntu 14.10, just run.

$ sudo apt-get install flashplugin-installer

But, if you want to install Flash plugin (14.0 alpha) you’ll have to run the following commands.

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install freshplayerplugin

Note: If you want to run the Flash plugin (14.0) on Firefox, you’ll have to download and install Google Chrome, elsewhere, the plugin won’t run on Firefox (Yes, in order to run it on Firefox, you have to install Chrome).

If you want to download Java, you will have to add the WebUpd8 repository to your apt-get repositories to able to do so, to add the repository run.

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
$ sudo apt-get update

If you want to install Java 6, 7 or 8, use the following command.

$ sudo apt-get install oracle-java6-installer		[Java 6]
$ sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installer		[Java 7]
$ sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer		[Java 8]

8. Install Skype

If you don’t know what Skype is, you don’t have to continue reading this section. Skype is the 1st application for both messaging, video & audio calls. If you want to install it on your Ubuntu 14.10, you may download it from this link.

  1. http://www.skype.com/en/download-skype/skype-for-computer/
Install Skype in Ubuntu 14.10

Install Skype

9. Install Synaptic Package Manager

Synaptic is one of the most amazing package managers out there, in fact, it was installed by default in Ubuntu but later it was removed in the recent Ubuntu releases, but it still a good program to have for those who want to manage their system packages easily without the need to deal with the command line.

Install Synaptic Package

Install Synaptic Package

To install Synaptic, run.

$ sudo apt-get install synaptic

10. Install Wine, PlayOnLinux & VirtualBox

Wine is a compatibility layer to run Microsoft Windows applications on all POSIX-complient systems, which means that it will help you to run Windows applications on Ubuntu 14.10 as well. To install Wine, run.

$ sudo apt-get install wine

PlayOnLinux is an applications that’s designed to allow you to run many modern games & apps that are designed for Windows on Linux, in fact, PlayOnLinux is a front-end for Wine, so when you try to install PlayOnLinux, you’ll have to install Wine.

To install PlayOnLinux, run in the terminal.

$ sudo apt-get install playonlinux

Unlike the other applications mentioned above, VirtualBox is a virtualization program that allows you to install Windows, Mac, Linux, BSD and other systems inside your Linux system, which means that you will be able to run a system inside your current system, don’t be afraid to give it a try.

$ sudo apt-get install virtualbox

11. Install VLC Media Player

The most famous application in the world to run multimedia files, VLC can almost run any video & audio file in any format. To install VLC on Ubuntu 14.10, run.

$ sudo apt-get install vlc
Install VLC in Ubuntu 14.10

Install VLC Player

12. Install Numix Theme

Numix theme is a nice theme for both GTK 2 & 3 beside a nice icon theme suite and wallpapers, it’s one of the most beautiful themes out there, if you want to install it on your Ubuntu 14.10 system, you’ll have to add the Numix project PPA first.

$ sudo apt-add-repository ppa:numix/ppa
$ sudo apt-get update

Now, to install the GTK theme.

$ sudo apt-get install numix-gtk-theme

To install the icon theme.

$ sudo apt-get install numix-icon-theme

To install the circled icon theme.

$ sudo apt-get install numix-icon-theme-circle

To install the Plymouth theme.

$ sudo apt-get install numix-plymouth-theme

To install the wallpapers.

$ sudo apt-get install numix-wallpaper-aurora
Install Numix Theme in Ubuntu 14.10

Install Numix Theme

13. Install Faenza Icon Theme

Faenza is the most famous icon suite under the Linux desktop, if you want to use it, you will have to download it from the below link.

Install Faenza Icon Theme

Install Faenza Icon Theme

  1. http://gnome-look.org/content/show.php/?content=128143

Extract the downloaded file, and re-extract the sub compressed files in order to get the icons folders, now copy the icon suite you want (Faenza, Faenza Dark..etc) and paste them to /home/$USER/.icons, replace $USER with your user name.

Now use some tools like Gnome Tweak Tool or Unity Tweak Tool to change the icon theme, to install those tools run.

$ sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool
$ sudo apt-get install unity-tweak-tool
Gnome Tweak Tool

Gnome Tweak Tool

14. Install More Web Browsers

Firefox Is the default web browser in Ubuntu – which is a something that many don’t like – so you may download another browsers like chromium.

$ sudo apt-get install chromium-browser
Install Chromium Browser

Install Chromium Browser

Another most famous browser is Midori, which is a very light browser in fact.

$ sudo apt-get install midori

Few other famous browsers you may download and install it using following links.

  1. Google Chromehttp://www.google.com/chrome/
  2. Maxthon browserhttp://www.maxthon.com/

Those were some quick tips to do after installing Ubuntu 14.10. Tell us, what is the first thing that you may do after installing any version of Ubuntu?

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Hanny Helal

A Linux & Foss user since 2010, working on many projects in the field of Free Software.

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37 Responses

  1. Federico says:

    Hello Hanny.
    Thank you for the tutorial
    I have a problem with the installation of ubuntu 14.10. The touchpad doesnt function. I have to work allways with the mouse. Do you know how fix it? I can give you more information about the notebook if it is required
    Thanks

    • Ravi Saive says:

      @Federico,
      Search for Mouse & Touch pad setting and enable touch pad and scrolling to make it work..

    • Liviu Balan says:

      Hello Federico,
      After installing the operating system I recommend you to make the updates. In order to install the latest version of VirtualBox on Ubuntu/Linux Mint repository or from Oracle website.

      Thanks!
      Liviu Balan

  2. Irmak says:

    did 6 and had to reload ubuntu

  3. Carlos Vinícius says:

    Thanks for the tutorial.

    ;)

  4. JG says:

    Never mind; please disregard my previous email regarding not being able to “see” the Mate DE. I didnt know I had to log out of Unity and log into Mate ;)

    But as to the problem with Numix theme; it still persists.

    Thanks

    • Hanny Helal says:

      Hello JG.

      You have to change the icon theme that you’re using, after you installed Numix icon theme, you have to use the “Unity Tweak Tool” or “Gnome Tweak Tool” in order to change the default icon theme for the system..

      Thanks.

  5. Jan says:

    Hi, I’m running Ubuntu 14.10 64bit and I can not run Mate. I have copied and pasted all the commands and a bunch of things happen in the terminal but end result is that I’m still only seeing Unity! I’ve rebooted a couple of times but it stays in Unity.

    Same happens with Numix Theme. Namely, I copied and pasted all the commands, the terminal window displays all these messages and then…. nothing.

    Could you please help me?

    Thanks

  6. Javier says:

    Hi Hanny,

    How can I tell if my pc has the Nvidia Optimus tech?

    Thanks,

    JDL

  7. I tried to install many thing like MATE But it shows an error
    Errors were encountered while processing:
    brltty
    E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)
    Help me

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