Basic Linux Interview Questions and Answers – Part II

Continuing the Interview Series, we are giving 10 Questions here, in this article. These questions and the questions in the future articles doesn’t necessarily means they were asked in any interview. We are presenting you an interactive learning platform through these kind of posts, which surely will be helpful.

Basic Linux  Interview Questions

Basic Linux Interview Questions – 2

Upon the analysis of comments in different forums on last article 11 Basic Linux Interview Questions of this series, it is important to mention here that to bring up a quality article to our readers. We give our time and money, and in return what we expect from you? Nothing. If you can’t praise our work, please don’t demoralize us from your negative comments.

If you find nothing new in a post, don’t forget that for someone it was helpful, and for that he/she was thankful. We can’t make everyone happy in each of our article. Hope you readers would take pain to understand this.

Q.1: Which command is used to record a user login session in a file?
  1. macro
  2. read
  3. script
  4. record
  5. sessionrecord
Answer : The ‘script’ command is used to record a user’s login session in a file. Script command can be implemented in a shell script or can directly be used in terminal. Here is an example which records everything between script and exit.

Let’s record the user’s login session with script command as shown.

[[email protected] ~]# script my-session-record.txt

Script started, file is my-session-record.txt

The content of log file ‘my-session-record.txt’ can be views as:

[[email protected] ~]# nano my-session-record.txt

script started on Friday 22 November 2013 08:19:01 PM IST
[[email protected] ~]# ls
^[[0m^[[01;34mBinary^[[0m ^[[01;34mDocuments^[[0m ^[[01;34mMusic^[[0m $
^[[01;34mDesktop^[[0m ^[[01;34mDownloads^[[0m my-session-record.txt ^[[01;34$
Q.2: The kernel log message can be viewed using which of the following command?
  1. dmesg
  2. kernel
  3. ls -i
  4. uname
  5. None of the above
Answer : The kernel log message can be viewed by executing ‘dmesg’ command. In the list kernel is not a valid Linux command, ‘ls -i’ lists the file with inode within the working directory and ‘uname’ command shows os.
[[email protected] ~]# dmesg

Initializing cgroup subsys cpuset
Initializing cgroup subsys cpu
Linux version 2.6.32-279.el6.i686 ([email protected]) (gcc version 4.4.6 20120305 (Red Hat 4.4.6-4) (GCC) ) #1 SMP Fri Jun 22 10:59:55 UTC 2012
KERNEL supported cpus:
  Intel GenuineIntel
  AMD AuthenticAMD
  NSC Geode by NSC
  Cyrix CyrixInstead
  Centaur CentaurHauls
  Transmeta GenuineTMx86
  Transmeta TransmetaCPU
  UMC UMC UMC UMC
Disabled fast string operations
BIOS-provided physical RAM map:
...
Q.3: Which command is used to display the release of Linux Kernel?
  1. uname -v
  2. uname -r
  3. uname -m
  4. uname -n
  5. uname -o
Answer : The command ‘uname -r’ display the kernel release information. The switch ‘-v’ , ‘-m’ , ‘-n’ , ‘o’ display kernel version, machine hardware name, network node, hostname and operating system, respectively.
[[email protected] ~]# uname -r

2.6.32-279.el6.i686
Q.4: Which command is used to identify the types of file?
  1. type
  2. info
  3. file
  4. which
  5. ls
Answer : The ‘file’ command is used to identify the types of file. The syntax is ‘file [option] File_name’.
[[email protected] ~]# file wtop

wtop: POSIX shell script text executable
Q.5: Which command locate the binary, source and man page of a command?
Answer : The ‘whereis’ command comes to rescue here. The ‘whereis’ command locate the binary, source, and manual page files for a command.
[[email protected] ~]# whereis /usr/bin/ftp

ftp: /usr/bin/ftp /usr/share/man/man1/ftp.1.gz
Q.6: When a user login, which files are called for user profile, by default??
Answer : The ‘.profile’ and ‘.bashrc’ present under home directory are called for user profile by default.
[[email protected] ~]# ls -al
-rw-r--r--.  1 tecmint     tecmint            176 May 11  2012 .bash_profile
-rw-r--r--.  1 tecmint     tecmint            124 May 11  2012 .bashrc
Q.7: The ‘resolv.conf’ file is a configuration file for?
Answer : The ‘/etc/resolv.conf’ is the configuration file for DNS at client side.
[[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/resolv.conf

nameserver 172.16.16.94
Q.8: Which command is used to create soft link of a file?
  1. ln
  2. ln -s
  3. link
  4. link -soft
  5. None of the above
Answer : The ‘ln -s’ command is used to create soft link of a file in Linux Environment.
[[email protected] ~]# ln -s /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf httpd.original.conf
Q.9: The command ‘pwd’ is an alias of command ‘passwd’ in Linux?
Answer : No! The command ‘pwd’ is not an alias of command ‘passwd’ by default. ‘pwd’ stands for ‘print working directory’, which shows current directory and ‘passwd is used to change the password of user account in Linux.
[[email protected] ~]# pwd

/home/tecmint
[[email protected] ~]# passwd
Changing password for user root.
New password:
Retype new password:
Q.10: How will you check pci devices vendor and version on a Linux?
Answer : The Linux command ‘lspci’ comes to rescue here.
[[email protected] ~]# lspci

00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000P Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev b1)
00:02.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 2-3 (rev b1)
00:04.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 4-5 (rev b1)
00:06.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 6-7 (rev b1)
00:08.0 System peripheral: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset DMA Engine (rev b1)
...

That’s all for now. I hope these above questions might be very helpful to you. In our next weekend we again come-up with some new set of questions. Till then stay healthy, tuned and connected to Tecmint.

If You Appreciate What We Do Here On TecMint, You Should Consider:

TecMint is the fastest growing and most trusted community site for any kind of Linux Articles, Guides and Books on the web. Millions of people visit TecMint! to search or browse the thousands of published articles available FREELY to all.

If you like what you are reading, please consider buying us a coffee ( or 2 ) as a token of appreciation.

Support Us

We are thankful for your never ending support.

RedHat RHCE and RHCSA Certification Book
Linux Foundation LFCS and LFCE Certification Preparation Guide

You may also like...

39 Responses

  1. Jim says:

    Nice to have tutorials for Linux beginners- I hope that people are able to see how easy Linux really is- especially for everyday web surfing and email.

  2. Kiran says:

    Really good. Without tecmint it is very difficult to learn linux for beginners.

  3. Tarunesh Singh says:

    Very nice and very useful. Dil mange more ;)

  4. Neel says:

    Nice write up… wish to see more on awk and sed questions

    • Avishek Kumar says:

      Dear Neel,
      awk and sed are something i really appreciate very much. It needs a lot of dedication to produce an article on awk and sed. I will do as soon as possible.
      Keep Connected. thanks for your feedback.

  5. Ravi Agarwal says:

    Well written keep it up

  6. birendra ram says:

    thanks for giving me information

  7. Ashok Dobal says:

    Grate dude! very helpful………

  8. Phani says:

    Very much helpful for beginners in Linux

  9. Ankit Sahai says:

    very useful..thanks a lot for sharing.

  10. bittu says:

    [email protected]@@@@@@2better to privide more..

Leave a Reply to birendra ram Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.