How to Install and Configure an NFS Server on Ubuntu 18.04

NFS (Network File Share) is a protocol that allows you to share directories and files with other Linux clients in a network. The directory to be shared is usually created on the NFS server and files added to it.

The client systems mount the directory residing on the NFS server, which grants them access to the files created. NFS comes in handy when you need to share common data among client systems especially when they are running out of space.

This guide will comprise 2 main sections: Installing and configuring NFS Server on Ubuntu and Installing the NFS client on the client Linux system.

Installing and configuring NFS Server on Ubuntu

To install and configure the NFS server, follow the steps outlined below.

Step 1: Install NFS Kernel Server in Ubuntu

The first step is to install the nfs-kernel-server package on the server. But before we do this, let’s first update the system packages using the following apt command.

$ sudo apt update

Once the update is complete, proceed and install the nfs-kernel-server package as shown below. This will store additional packages such as nfs-common and rpcbind which are equally crucial to the setup of the file share.

$ sudo apt install nfs-kernel-server
Install NFS Server on Ubuntu
Install NFS Server on Ubuntu

Step 2: Create an NFS Export Directory

The second step will be creating a directory that will be shared among client systems. This is also referred to as the export directory and it’s in this directory that we shall later create files which will be accessible by client systems.

Run the command below by specifying the NFS mount directory name.

$ sudo mkdir -p /mnt/nfs_share

Since we want all the client machines to access the shared directory, remove any restrictions in the directory permissions.

$ sudo chown -R nobody:nogroup /mnt/nfs_share/

You can also tweak the file permissions to your preference. Here’s we have given the read, write and execute privileges to all the contents inside the directory.

$ sudo chmod 777 /mnt/nfs_share/
Create NFS Share in Ubuntu
Create NFS Share in Ubuntu

Step 3: Grant NFS Share Access to Client Systems

Permissions for accessing the NFS server are defined in the /etc/exports file. So open the file using your favorite text editor:

$ sudo vim /etc/exports

You can provide access to a single client, multiple clients or specify an entire subnet.

In this guide, we have allowed en entire subnet to have access to the NFS share.

/mnt/nfs_share  192.168.43.0/24(rw,sync,no_subtree_check)

Explanation about the options used in the above command.

  • rw: Stands for Read/Write.
  • sync: Requires changes to be written to the disk before they are applied.
  • No_subtree_check: Eliminates subtree checking.
Set NFS Share Access
Set NFS Share Access

To grant access to a single client, use the syntax:

/mnt/nfs_share  client_IP_1 (re,sync,no_subtree_check)

For multiple clients, specify each client on a separate file:

/mnt/nfs_share  client_IP_1 (re,sync,no_subtree_check)
/mnt/nfs_share  client_IP_2 (re,sync,no_subtree_check)

Step 4: Export the NFS Share Directory

After granting access to the preferred client systems, export the NFS share directory and restart the NFS kernel server for the changes to come into effect.

$ sudo exportfs -a
$ sudo systemctl restart nfs-kernel-server
Export NFS Share Directory
Export NFS Share Directory

Step 5: Allow NFS Access through the Firewall

For the client to access the NFS share, you need to allow access through the firewall otherwise, accessing and mounting the shared directory will be impossible. To achieve this run the command:

$ sudo ufw allow from 192.168.43.0/24 to any port nfs

Reload or enable the firewall (if it was turned off) and check the status of the firewall. Port 2049, which is the default file share, should be opened.

$ sudo ufw enable
$ sudo ufw status
Open NFS Port on Firewall
Open NFS Port on Firewall

Install the NFS Client on the Client Systems

We’re done installing and configuring the NFS service on the Server, let’s now install NFS on the client system.

Step 1: Install the NFS-Common Package

As is the norm, begin by updating the system packages and repositories before anything else.

$ sudo apt update

Next, install nfs-common packages as shown.

$ sudo apt install nfs-common
Install NFS on Client System
Install NFS on Client System

Step 2: Create a NFS Mount Point on Client

Next,you need to create a mount point on which you will mount the nfs share from the NFS server. To do this, run the command:

$ sudo mkdir -p /mnt/nfs_clientshare

Step 3: Mount NFS Share on Client System

The last step remaining is mounting the NFS share that is shared by the NFS server. This will enable the client system to access the shared directory.

Let’s check the NFS Server’s IP address using the ifconfig command.

$ ifconfig
Check Ubuntu Server IP Address
Check Ubuntu Server IP Address

To achieve this run the command:

$ sudo mount 192.168.43.234:/mnt/nfs_share  /mnt/nfs_clientshare

Step 4: Testing the NFS Share on Client System

To verify that our NFS setup is working, we are going to create a few files in the NFS share directory located in the server.

$ cd /mnt/nfs_share/
$ touch file1.txt file2.txt file3.txt

Now head back to the NFS client system and check if the files exist.

$ ls -l /mnt/nfs_clientshare/
Test NFS Share on Client
Test NFS Share on Client

Great! The output confirms that we can access the files we just created on the NFS server!

And that about it. In this guide, we walked you through the installation and configuration of the NFS server on Ubuntu 18.04. NFS is rarely used nowadays and has been relegated in favor of the more robust and secure Samba share protocol.

If you liked this article, then do subscribe to email alerts for Linux tutorials. If you have any questions or doubts? do ask for help in the comments section.

If You Appreciate What We Do Here On TecMint, You Should Consider:

TecMint is the fastest growing and most trusted community site for any kind of Linux Articles, Guides and Books on the web. Millions of people visit TecMint! to search or browse the thousands of published articles available FREELY to all.

If you like what you are reading, please consider buying us a coffee ( or 2 ) as a token of appreciation.

Support Us

We are thankful for your never ending support.

7 thoughts on “How to Install and Configure an NFS Server on Ubuntu 18.04”

  1. Didn’t work on KVM based VM.

    $ sudo mount 192.168.43.234:/mnt/nfs_share  /mnt/nfs_clientshare 
    

    This worked for me.

    $ sudo mount -t nfs -o nfsvers=3 192.168.43.234:/mnt/nfs_share  /mnt/nfs_clientshare 
    
    Reply
  2. This is the most helpful tutorial for setting up NFS on ubuntu. But it didn’t work for me until, besides opening port 2049 for NFS, I opened port 111 for RPC. Until I figured that out, showmount just failed with some unhelpful RPC error.

    Reply
    • Hey Dennis, that’s a bit strange that you had to open port 111. But either way, I’m glad you finally hacked it.

      Reply
    • +1 for mentioning you needed 111. I also needed it but didn’t figure that out until I read your comment and later was tailing /var/log/syslog. It also wanted a 16bit port number up at 40699, I think. When I then ran rpcinfo -p, it showed me that 111 was for portmapper and the 40699 port was being used by mountd. So I had to do something like:

      $ sudo ufw allow proto tcp from 172.16.81.0/24 to any port 111,46999
      

      Thanks to James for the original article. Very useful for setting up an NFS path between my OSX laptop and an Ubuntu VM running on my laptop. I was then able to do programming and testing that would have been much harder if I had to rely on standalone components.

      Reply

Leave a Reply to Dennis Gentry Cancel reply

Have a question or suggestion? Please leave a comment to start the discussion. Please keep in mind that all comments are moderated and your email address will NOT be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.