10 Best API Gateways and Management Tools in 2024

Microservices and APIs (short for Application Programming Interfaces) have become almost commonplace in sustainable modern application development.

APIs drive microservices (an architectural design that structures an application into small, self-contained, and manageable services/pieces) and they define how a consumer (of the API) can interact with and use the underlying service.

To businesses and other organizations, APIs have become the core of digital transformation strategies. The growth in the use of APIs has increased the use of API management solutions by developers to publish their APIs to the public or external developers, internal developers as well as other partners.

An API management tool can help you to:

  • Expose microservices as managed APIs.
  • Combine several microservices to be exposed as APIs.
  • Apply security to internal and external microservices.
  • Expose legacy services as modern APIs.
  • Obtain business insights from the consumption of microservices and APIs, and much more.

Are you searching for an open-source API management solution for your company? Then this guide is made just for you, continue reading.

Below, we have shared the 10 top open-source API gateways and API management solutions you can use in your IT infrastructure. Note that the following list is organized in no particular order.

1. Kong Gateway (OSS)

Kong Gateway (OSS) is a popular, open-source, and advanced cloud-native API gateway built for universal deployment: it can run on any platform.

It is written in Lua programming language and supports hybrid and multi-cloud infrastructure, and it is optimized for microservices and distributed architectures.

At its core, Kong is built for high performance, extensibility, and portability. Kong is also lightweight, fast, and scalable. It supports declarative configuration without a database, using in-memory storage only, and native Kubernative CRDs.

Kong - Open Source API Gateway
Kong – Open Source API Gateway

Kong features load balancing (with different algorithms), logging, authentication (support for OAuth2.0), rate-limiting, transformations, live monitoring, service discovery, caching, failure detection and recovery, clustering, and much more. Importantly, Kong supports the clustering of nodes and serverless functions.

It supports the configuration of proxies for your services and serves them over SSL, or uses WebSockets. It can load balance traffic through replicas of your upstream services, monitor the availability of your services, and adjust its load balancing accordingly.

Additionally, Kong ships with a command-line interface that allows you to manage a Kong cluster from the command line. Also, Kong is highly extensible using plugins and different kinds of integrations. It can be managed with its RESTful API for maximum flexibility.

2. Tyk

Tyk (pronounced Taik) is an open-source, powerful, lightweight, and fully-featured API gateway written from the ground up using the Go programming language. It is cloud-native and highly performant with an easily extensible and pluggable architecture based on open standards.

It can run independently and only requires Redis as a data store. It allows users to securely publish and manage a variety of services including legacy, REST, and GraphQL (supports GraphQL out of the box).

Tyk is baked with so many features which include a variety of authentication methods, quotas, rate-limiting, version control, notifications and events, monitoring, and analytics. It also supports service discovery, on-the-fly transforms, and virtual endpoints, and allows for creating mock-out APIs before release.

Tyk - API Management Platform and Gateway
Tyk – API Management Platform and Gateway

More to the above, Tyk supports API documentation and offers an API Developer portal, a CMS (Content Management System)-like system where you can publish your managed APIs and third-party developers sign up, enroll to your APIs, and can manage their own keys.

Importantly, there is only one version of the Tyk API Gateway and it is 100% Open Source. Whether you are a Community Edition user or an enterprise user, you get the same API Gateway.

It ships with all possible parts required for full usability, with no feature lockout and no black box. With Tyk, you get to know exactly how your data is being processed.

3. KrakenD

Also written in Go, and built with performance in mind, KrakenD is a high-performance open-source, simple, and pluggable API gateway designed with stateless architecture. It can run everywhere and requires no database to run. It has a simple configuration and supports unlimited endpoints and backends.

KrakenD features monitoring, caching, user quota, rate limiting, quality of service (concurrent calls, circuit breaker, and grained timeout) transformation, aggregation, (merge sources), filtering (whitelisting and blacklisting), and decoding.

It offers proxy features such as load balancing, protocol translation, and Oauth; and security features such as SSL and security policies.

KrakenD - Open Source API Gateway
KrakenD – Open Source API Gateway

You can configure the API gateway behavior by hand or using the KrakenDesigner, a GUI that allows you to visually design your API from scratch or resume an existing one. Furthermore, KrakenD’s extensible architecture allows for adding additional functionalities, plug-ins, embedded scripts, and middleware without modifying its source code.

4. Gravitee.io API Platform

Gravitee.io is an open-source, Java-based, easy-to-use API management platform that helps organizations to secure, publish, analyze, and document their APIs.

Gravitee - API Platform
Gravitee – API Platform

It comes with three major modules, which are:

  • API Management (APIM): an open-source, simple yet powerful, flexible, lightweight, and blazing-fast API management (APIM) solution designed to give your organization full control over who accesses your APIs, when, and how.
  • Access Management (AM): a flexible, lightweight, versatile, and easy-to-use Open Source Identity And Access Management solution. It is based on OAuth2/OpenID Connect protocols and acts as an identity provider broker. It features a centralized Authentication and Authorization Service to secure your applications and your APIs.
  • Alert Engine (AE): a module that allows users to configure alerts and receive notifications to easily and efficiently monitor their API platform. It supports multi-channel notifications suspicious behavior detection, and more.

Furthermore, Gravitee.io ships with Cockpit, a tool that helps you design your APIs and publishes them across all your environments with fully featured multi-tenancy support.

It enables you to scale your Gravitee.io deployment from the platform itself. And graviteeio-cli, a simple command-line tool used to manage the Gravitee.io eco-system.

5. Gloo Edge

Also open-source and Go-based, Gloo Edge is a feature-packed Kubernetes-native ingress controller (built on top of the Envoy Proxy) and a next-generation cloud-native API gateway that supports legacy apps, microservices as well as serverless. And it integrates with your environment allowing you to choose your favorite tools for scheduling, persistence, and security.

It offers powerful functional-level routing (that allows integration of legacy apps, microservices, and serverless) and is designed to support hybrid applications built using different kinds of technologies, architectures, and protocols running on different clouds.

GlooEdge - Envoy Powered API Gateway
GlooEdge – Envoy Powered API Gateway

Gloo Edge supports API gateway features such as rate limiting, circuit breaking, retries, caching, external authentication, and authorization. It also supports transformation, service-mesh integration, fully automated discovery, and security.

Gloo Edge employs top open-source projects such as GraphQL, gRPC, OpenTracing, NATS, and more, to provide high-quality features. Besides, it supports the integration of open-source projects that may surface in the future.

6. Apache APISIX

Apache APISIX is a dynamic, high-performance, and scalable API gateway designed to facilitate the seamless connection between clients and microservices. Built on the robust Nginx foundation, APISIX boasts a flexible architecture, enabling users to customize and extend its functionalities easily.

It supports several protocols such as HTTP, HTTPS, TCP, and UDP, ensuring versatile use cases. With a user-friendly dashboard and RESTful API, managing API configurations becomes straightforward.

Apache APISIX - API Management Tool
Apache APISIX – API Management Tool

APISIX excels in load balancing, traffic control, and security enforcement, enhancing overall system resilience. As an open-source project under the Apache Software Foundation, APISIX empowers developers to create resilient and efficient API ecosystems.

7. WSO2 API Microgateway

WSO2 API Microgateway is an open-source cloud-native, developer-centric, and decentralized API gateway for microservices. Built mostly using Java, it simplifies the process of creating, deploying, and securing APIs within distributed microservice architectures.

WSO2 API Microgateway is a lightweight stateless container with low memory footprints, that supports composing multiple microservices via a single API and also supports runtime service discovery. It allows for transforming legacy API formats (both requests and responses) to modern ones, to expose them to modern consumer apps.

WSO2 API Microgateway
WSO2 API Microgateway

Because WSO2 API Microgateway uses OpenAPI Specification (OAS), this enables developers to collaborate in creating APIs and then test them independently. Moreover, it is highly scalable as it can run in isolation with no dependencies on other components.

It features rate-limiting, service discovery, request and response transformation, load balancing, failover, and circuit breaking, seamless Docker and Kubernetes integration among others. It provides authentication and authorization based on OAuth2.0, API keys, Basic Auth, and mutual TLS.

8. Fusio

Fusio is an open-source, PHP-based API management solution used to build and manage REST APIs. It is an API management platform in the sense that it allows you to develop API endpoints that can request and transform data from a database. It provides all the necessary tools to not only quickly build an API from different data sources but to also create fully customized responses.

It is used to expose business functionality, microservices, Javascript applications, and mobile apps, offering features such as rate-limiting, authorization, RPC support, validation, analytics, and user management.

Fusio - Open Source API Management
Fusio – Open Source API Management

Also, Fusio supports OpenAPI generation, and SDK generation, and comes with a subscription layer to help you build a pub/sub for your API, and a simple payment system to charge for specific routes.

Fusio contains a command-line client that allows you to directly interact with the API and deploy specific YAML configuration files. Fusio-CLI is automatically included in every Fusio installation but you can also run the CLI client standalone. The are several other tools in the Fusio ecosystem.

9. Apiman

Apiman is an open-source, Java-based API Management tool that ships with a rich API design and configuration layer with a blazingly fast runtime. It is a standalone system that can be either run as a separate system or embedded within existing frameworks and platforms.

Apiman - Open Source API Management
Apiman – Open Source API Management

Its key features are flexibility and policy-based runtime governance for APIs, a rich management layer, and fully asynchronous. It supports throttling and quotas, centralized security, billing and metrics, and many other features.

10. API Umbrella

API Umbrella is an open-source API management solution built mostly using Ruby. It is a proxy that sits in front of your APIs enabling you to create a single, public entry point to all your APIs and microservices regardless of where they are located. It offers functionality such as API keys, rate limiting, analytics, and caching.

It supports multitenancy and comes with an Admin to manage all aspects of API Umbrella, such as API routing configuration, user management, viewing analytics, and more. Under the API Umbrella, all administrative functionality is also available via REST API.

API Umbrella Open Source API Management
API Umbrella Open Source API Management

That’s it for now! In this article, we have reviewed 10 open-source API gateways and management solutions you can use on a Linux server, in your infrastructure. Feel free to let us know of any other solutions you have come across that we have missed in this article.

Aaron Kili
Aaron Kili is a Linux and F.O.S.S enthusiast, an upcoming Linux SysAdmin, web developer, and currently a content creator for TecMint who loves working with computers and strongly believes in sharing knowledge.

Each tutorial at TecMint is created by a team of experienced Linux system administrators so that it meets our high-quality standards.

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Leave a Reply
  1. Great article! I would like to suggest The Auth API as a new API Key Management SAAS solution. Has a well-documented API and SDK.

  2. Thanks for publishing this, great to see https://tyk.io featured. Will you run a similar feature for open source GraphQL also? We’d love to be included in that also.


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