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60 Commands of Linux : A Guide from Newbies to System Administrator

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For a person new to Linux, finding Linux functional is still not very easy even after the emergence of user friendly Linux distribution like Ubuntu and Mint. The thing remains that there will always be some configuration on user’s part to be done manually.

Linux Administration Commands

60 Linux Commands

Just to start with, the first thing a user should know is the basic commands in terminal. Linux GUI runs on Shell. When GUI is not running but Shell is running, Linux is running. If Shell is not running, nothing is running. Commands in Linux is a means of interaction with Shell. For a beginners some of the basic computational task is to:

  1. View the contents of a directory : A directory may contains visible and invisible files with different file permissions.
  2. Viewing blocks, HDD partition, External HDD
  3. Checking the integrity of Downloaded/Transferred Packages
  4. Converting and copying a file
  5. Know your machine name, OS and Kernel
  6. Viewing history
  7. Being root
  8. Make Directory
  9. Make Files
  10. Changing the file permission
  11. Own a file
  12. Install, Update and maintain Packages
  13. Uncompressing a file
  14. See current date, time and calendar
  15. Print contents of a file
  16. Copy and Move
  17. See the working directory for easy navigation
  18. Change the working directory, etc…

And we have described all of the above basic computational task in our First Article.

Part I – Switching From Windows to Nix or a Newbie to Linux – 20 Useful Commands for Linux Newbies

This was the first article of this series. We tried to provide you with detailed description of these commands with explicit examples which was highly appreciated by our reader in terms of likes, comments and traffic.

What after these initial commands? Obviously we moved to the next part of this article where we provided commands for computational tasks like:

  1. Finding a file in a given directory
  2. Searching a file with the given keywords
  3. Finding online documentation
  4. See the current running processes
  5. Kill a running process
  6. See the location of installed Binaries
  7. Starting, Ending, Restarting a service
  8. Making and removing of aliases
  9. View the disk and space usages
  10. Removing a file and/or directory
  11. Print/echo a custom output on standard output
  12. Changing password of on-self and other’s, if you are root.
  13. View Printing queue
  14. Compare two files
  15. Download a file, the Linux way (wget)
  16. Mount a block / partition / external HDD
  17. Compile and Run a code written in ‘C’, ‘C++’ and ‘Java’ Programming Language

This Second Article was again highly appreciated by the readers of Tecmint.com. The article was nicely elaborated with suitable examples and output.

Part II – 20 Advanced Commands for Middle Level Linux Users

After providing the users with the glimpse of Commands used by a Middle Level User we thought to give our effort in a nice write-up for a list of command used by an user of System Administrator Level.

In our Third and last article of this series, we tried to cover the commands that would be required for the computational task like:

  1. Configuring Network Interface
  2. Viewing custom Network Related information
  3. Getting information about Internet Server with customisable switches and Results
  4. Digging DNS
  5. Knowing Your System uptime
  6. Sending an occasional Information to all other logged-in users
  7. Send text messages directly to a user
  8. Combination of commands
  9. Renaming a file
  10. Seeing the processes of a CPU
  11. Creating newly formatted ext4 partition
  12. Text File editors like vi, emacs and nano
  13. Copying a large file/folder with progress bar
  14. Keeping track of free and available memory
  15. Backup a mysql database
  16. Make difficult to guess – random password
  17. Merge two text files
  18. List of all the opened files
Part III – 20 Advanced Commands for Linux Experts

Writing this article and the list of command that needs to go with the article was a little cumbersome. We chose 20 commands with each article and hence gave a lot of thought for which command should be included and which should be excluded from the particular post. I personally selected the commands on the basis of their usability (as I use and get used to) from an user point of view and an Administrator point of view.

This Articles aims to concatenate all the articles of its series and provide you with all the functionality in commands you can perform in our this very series of articles.

There are too long lists of commands available in Linux. But we provided the list of 60 commands which is generally and most commonly used and a user having knowledge of these 60 commands as a whole can work in terminal very much smoothly.

That’s all for now from me. I will soon be coming up with another tutorial, you people will love to go through. Till then Stay Tuned! Keep Visiting Tecmint.com.

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I am a major in computer science, love to research nix. I love to write codes and scripts, review distros, experiment Foss Technologies, write technical articles, Hack, of course Ethically. I am working as System Administrator (nix) for a NGO.

Your name can also be listed here. Work as a Paid freelancer/writer at TecMint.
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36 Responses

  1. John Hunnefield says:

    thanks for guidance, this helps alot

  2. Ziaul Mustafa says:

    Hi,
    This is Ziaul Mustafa and i would like to know about linux basic commnads.
    so kindly please any link to above my mail id from there i can find easy way to
    solve my issue.

    Regards,
    Ziaul Mustafa

    • Avishek Kumar says:

      Dear Ziaul Mustafa,
      it would be painful for us to send everyone the links and contents.
      Please stay connected to us and go through our posts and articles for better and deep understanding of knowledge. If you find any topic not covered by us, please make us know, so that we can help you.

      Hope You Understand.

  3. Agatha says:

    It helps a lot on my side!

  4. Marwin says:

    This is very very good. Keep on a good work. I follow them all.

  5. tamil says:

    hi,
    i am going to attend the interview based on Linux position. so they expect basics of Linux from me.i need to prepare Linux from the basic,so sent the suitable link for me

    Regards,
    tamil

    • Avishek Kumar says:

      Dear tamil,
      we post each of our article, from Knowledge point of view. You can subscribe us and go through each of our post, as well as previous post, to have a lot of Linux/FOSS related knowledge.

  6. Cody says:

    Yes, this information is very helpful. I am an intermediate user of linux, and have used it for almost a year now. I spend around 20% of my time in terminal. Some of these commands, I have never heard of! Thanks very much :-)

  7. vasant singh says:

    these commands r useful 4 me tkx a lot

  8. Nasir says:

    Very helpfull post.
    Well the content is for only L1 and L2 level? or it includes L3 As well.

    • Avishek Kumar says:

      Dear Nasir,
      Good to know, it was helpful for you.
      There is nothing called L1 and L2.
      Its all about increasing your knowledge base, in the right way and feedback of such kind tells the whole story.

  9. Hars says:

    Thanks for this useful article !!
    Awesome work !!!
    Small suggestion- Pls ellaborate with mostly used arguements

    • Avishek Kumar says:

      Dear Hars,
      Thanks for your wonderful words.
      we welcome your suggestion and will shortly start working on it.

  10. Mian Aali says:

    Dear Avishek and Ravi,
    I googled and found tecmint a better source of learning Linux Administration. Please do keep it up to mark and give some detailed information to troubleshoot networks and IP address schema.

    Regards,
    Aali

    • Avishek Kumar says:

      Dear Milan,
      Thanks for your appreciation.
      we are working in all the possible way, to benefit our regular readers.
      Keep connected to Tecmint.com.

  11. veerendra says:

    Dear Avishek,

    Its very usefull.
    Great work…

    Regards,
    Veeru.

  12. Kavitha says:

    Hi Avishek,

    Its really helped me understand in detail!! Looking forward for more posts.

    Thanks

  13. Khoi D. DInh says:

    Thank you.

  14. Chirag Joshi says:

    Superb tutorial sir
    very nice add some more commands n linux tutorial in this site plzzz sir n ha thanx for sharing with us :)

  15. Vinoth says:

    Thanks for this Article

  16. Brother, it is useful but also something like unsatisfaction i was com to check some commands. kindly send me the just some useful commands

    • Avishek Kumar says:

      Dear @ Afzal
      These are the basic and most useful commands. You may follow the associated link to get more descriptive article. If you finds any missing command we haven’t covered, Poke us.

      Keep Connected, Enjoy!

      • Meraj Hussain says:

        Hello,

        Avishek Kumar first of all many many thanks to you,with outer help i can not climb on first step of linux world and i am working on Linux & Cloud.
        I always follow your post and Every post in Tecmint that keeps me always update my knowledge.
        Thanks a lot

        • Avishek Kumar says:

          Welcome @ Meraj Hussain.
          Keep connected for more such helpful writing.
          Your’s comment acknowledged, we are doing fine. Thanks!

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