How to Exit a File in Vi / Vim Editor in Linux

In this article, we will learn how to exit Vi/Vim (after referred to as Vim) text editor using simple commands. In a previous article, we explained a simple tip on how to save a file in Vi or Vim after making changes to a file.

Before we move any further, if you are new to Vim, then we recommend reading through these 10 reasons why you should stick to using Vi/Vim text editor in Linux.

To open or create a new file using Vi/Vim, simply type the commands below, then press i to switch to insert mode (insert text):

$ vim file.txt
OR
$ vi file.txt
Press 'i' to Insert Mode in Vim Editor
Press ‘i’ to Insert Mode in Vim Editor

After making changes to a file, press [Esc] to shift to the command mode and press :w and hit [Enter] to save a file.

Save File in Vim
Save File in Vim

To exit Vi/Vim, use the :q command and hit [Enter].

Exit File in Vi Editor
Exit File in Vi Editor

To save a file and exit Vi/Vim simultaneously, use the :wq command and hit [Enter] or :x command.

Save and Exit File in Vi
Save and Exit File in Vi

If you make changes to a file but try to quite Vi/Vim using ESC and q key, you’ll receive an error as shown in the scrrenshot below.

Vi Error Quitting File
Vi Error Quitting File

To force this action, use ESC and :q!.

Force Quit Vi File in Linux
Force Quit Vi File in Linux

Additionally, you can use shortcut methods. Press the [Esc] key and type Shift + Z Z to save and exit or type Shift+ Z Q to exit without saving the changes made to the file.

Having learned the above commands, you can now proceed to learn advanced Vim commands from the links provided below:

  1. Learn Useful ‘Vi/Vim’ Editor Tips and Tricks to Enhance Your Skills
  2. 8 Interesting ‘Vi/Vim’ Editor Tips and Tricks for Every Linux Administrator

In this article, we learned how to exit Vim text editor using simple commands. Do you have any questions to ask or any thoughts to share? Please, use the feedback form below.

If you liked this article, then do subscribe to email alerts for Linux tutorials. If you have any questions or doubts? do ask for help in the comments section.

If You Appreciate What We Do Here On TecMint, You Should Consider:

TecMint is the fastest growing and most trusted community site for any kind of Linux Articles, Guides and Books on the web. Millions of people visit TecMint! to search or browse the thousands of published articles available FREELY to all.

If you like what you are reading, please consider buying us a coffee ( or 2 ) as a token of appreciation.

Support Us

We are thankful for your never ending support.

2 thoughts on “How to Exit a File in Vi / Vim Editor in Linux”

Got something to say? Join the discussion.

Have a question or suggestion? Please leave a comment to start the discussion. Please keep in mind that all comments are moderated and your email address will NOT be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.