Many people are afraid of learning it, but seriously, for no important reasons. In this short article, intended for Vi/Vim text editor newbies, we’ll learn a few basic commands; how to save a file after writing or modifying its content.
In most of the today’s Linux distributions, Vi/Vim editor comes with pre-installed, if not install the full version of Vim (Debian systems provide vim-tiny with less features), simply run this command:
$ sudo apt install vim #Debian/Ubuntu systems $ sudo yum install vim #RHEL/CentOS systems $ sudo dnf install vim #Fedora 22+
Note: To use it’s latest features, install Vim 8.0.
To open or create a file using Vim, run the following command, then press
i to insert text into it (insert mode):
$ vim file.txt OR $ vi file.txt
Once you have modified a file, press
[Esc] shift to the command mode and press
:w and hit
[Enter] as shown below.
To save the file and exit at the same time, you can use the
:x key and hit
[Enter]. Optionally, press
[Esc] and type
Shift + Z Z to save and exit the file.
To save the file content to a new file named newname, use
:w newname or
:x newname and hit
From here, you can now move over to learn common Vi/Vim tips and tricks, understand the different modes and so much more:
- Learn Useful ‘Vi/Vim’ Editor Tips and Tricks to Enhance Your Skills
- 8 Interesting ‘Vi/Vim’ Editor Tips and Tricks for Every Linux Administrator
That’s it! In an upcoming article, we’ll show you how to exit Vim text editor with simple commands. Remember to drop your comments via the feedback form below.