Fedora 21 Server Installation Guide with Screenshots

Fedora 21 Server Installation

Fedora 21 Server Installation

The Fedora Project announced the availability of Fedora 21 Server on 2014-12-09, Fedora 21 Server edition came with many important changes like:

  1. Updated software such as Linux kernel 3.17.4 and systemd 215.
  2. New tools like Cockpit (web-monitoring interface for the server), OpenLMI (a new modern remote management server) and RoleKit (a deployment tool to create server roles).
  3. Many fixes for some bugs in different Fedora software..

You can view our complete report about the changes in Fedora 21 and how to upgrade from Fedora 20 to 21 using the below link.

  1. Fedora 21 Features and Upgrade to Fedora 21 from Fedora 20

If you’re looking for the fresh Fedora 21 Workstation edition installation guide please visit our article about that here.

  1. Fedora 21 Workstation Installation Guide

Download Fedora 21 Server

  1. Fedora-Server-DVD-i386-21.iso – Size 2.0GB
  2. Fedora-Server-DVD-x86_64-21.iso – Size 1.9GB

Fedora 21 Server Installation Guide

1. After downloading Fedora 21 Server Image, burn it on a DVD using “Brasero” tool or if you want to burn it on a USB stack use “Unetbootin” software, for more instructions on how to burn and make a bootable USB device, read our article at: Install Linux from USB Device.

2. After making bootable CD/DVD or USB drive, restart your computer in order to boot from the chosen drive and select “Install Fedora-Server 21” to continue.

Boot Fedora Server 21

Boot Fedora Server 21

3. You’ll get to the installer directly.. Choose the Language you want.

Choose Installation Language

Choose Installation Language

4. Once you select your Language, you’ll see the installation Summary.

Installation Summary

Installation Summary

5. Click on “Date & Time” and choose your Time-zone.

Select Timezone

Select Timezone

6. Go back to the installation summary, and click on “Keyboard” to configure the keyboard layouts.

Select Keyboard Layout

Select Keyboard Layout

7. Click on the “+” to add a new keyboard layout.

Add Keyboard Layout

Add Keyboard Layout

8. And you’ll notice that the layouts that you chose were added..

Selected Keyboard Layouts

Selected Keyboard Layouts

9. In order to enable switching between layouts, click on the “Options” button on the right and choose “Alt + Shift”.

Enable Keyboard Switching

Enable Keyboard Switching

10. Go back again to the Summary.. and choose “Language Support” and mark the languages pack that you want to install.

Add Language Pack

Add Language Pack

11. Head to the summary page again.. and enter “Installation Source”.

Installation Source Media

Installation Source Media

There’s nothing important to do here.. But if you want, you can verify the installation media by click on the “Verify” button.

Verify Media

Verify Media

If you want to check for the latest updates and install them, you uncheck the “Don’t install the latest available software updates..” box,
click on the “Done” button to go back.

12. Choose “Software Selection”, in this dialog, you can choose the software that you want to be installed from the DVD or USB, choose anything
you want depending on your needs.

Fedora 21 Software Selection

Software Selection

Select Softwares to Install

Select Softwares to Install

13. When you finish selecting packages.. Go back and click on “Installation Destination”.

Select Fedora 21 Installation Drive

Select Softwares to Install

In this area, you’ll have to configure the hard drive that you want to install Fedora Server 21 on it.. Choose the hard drive first from the “Local Standard Disks” frame, then under “Other Storage Options” flag the “I will configure partitioning” check box and click on “Done”.

14. Now as you can see.. I have Fedora 21 Workstation installed on my hard drive, I’ll have to remove its partitions completely in order to install Fedora 21 Server on them.

Fedora 21 Manual Partitioning

Manual Partitioning

Choose the partitions you want to remove.

Remove Old Drives

Remove Old Drives

Next, click on the “” button, and check the “Delete all other filesystems in the Fedora Linux..” checkbox (Note: that it will delete everything on those partitions, so be careful).

Confirm Drives to Remove

Confirm Drives to Remove

15. Now that you have free space on your hard drive, we’ll create 4 partitions, one for root, one for home, one for boot and a swap partition.

Create New Fedora 21 Partition

Create New Partition

Click on the “+” button and add a boot partition, enter the size you want for it.

Create New Boot Partition

Create New Boot Partition

Boot Partition

Boot Partition

16. Click on the “+” button again, and add a /home partition.

Create New Home Partition

Create New Home Partition

Home Partition

Home Partition

17. Do the same thing again.. and add a new root (/) partition.

Create New Root Partition

Create New Root Partition

Root Partition

Root Partition

18. Finally, create a Swap partition (its size must be the double of your RAM size).

Create New Swap Partition

Create New Swap Partition

Swap Partition

Swap Partition

19. After creating all above partitions, click on the “Done” button and confirm.

Summary Of Partition Changes

Summary Of Partition Changes

20. Go back to the Summary page and choose “Network & Hostname”, you can configure the network interfaces from here if you want, though you
won’t need it right now.

Fedora 21 Network Configuration

Network Configuration

21. Now click on the “Begin installation” button on the right bottom corner.

Fedora 21 Begin Installation

Fedora 21 Begin Installation

Installation Started

Installation Started

22. You must create a root password, click on the “Root Password” button in order to do so.

Create Root Password

Create Root Password

23. Go back and click on “User Creation” to create a normal user for the system, enter a user name and a password and click on “Done”.

Create New User

Create New User

24. That’s it for now.. Wait the installation process to be completed.

Fedora 21 Installation Process

Installation Process

25. When the it’s completed, you can now reboot the system in order to start using the new system.

Installation Completed

Installation Completed

That’s it! Don’t forget to unplug the installation media from the computer, so that you don’t boot it again.

Fedora 21 Server Login

Fedora 21 Login

Congratulations! your Fedora 21 Server is up-and-ready for use.

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6 Responses

  1. Bruce Martin says:

    Many thanks, Ravi & Rashid. I have not yet installed, I am waiting for the purchase of a new machine. I plan to use one of AsusTek’s new “milspec” series boards with a 1/2 Tb/ or maybe 1 Tb. SSD to boot from, and a minimal LVM.

    However, I wonder abouit having a second LVM? If so, and I have to reinstall the basic system, will I then lose the data in the second LVM?

    I Currently have an Asius Maximus VI for my main workstation, but I make minimal use of the LVM for working data. Instead, I have 2 more 4 Tb. WD Red drives for the working data, and back up to 2 more NAS boxes from that, using a lot of Filezilla FTP, and a lot of filtering to get rid of garbage data arising out of characters that don’t suit my code page, 0 data files, etc.

    I also use several docking stations (“Toasters”) and 2w mof Medicaonscs USB3 RAID boxes, each configured with 2 WD 4Tb. RED drives in firmware managed RAID0 volumes.

    Some of those external drives, I hope to use with the server, as a way of reducing the processor burden on the main machine which arises from all the Filezilla filtering and sorting as it backs up file by file.

    Drives used in the “Toasters” will be a way of having offline backups that are not powered until needed. Those drives can than be stored in metal toolboxes as a partial hedge against print through from the earth’s magnetic field.

    but I really don’t like having to work in console mode. For SU, I think I have seen an RPM package that will allow the GUI to work as SU. That T.B.D. in forther experimenting.

  2. almnssor says:

    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله تعالى وبركاته انا عايز استفسر كيف اقوم بفتح واجهة المستخدم بعد ان اكملت التنصيب

    English Version

    Peace , mercy and blessings of God Almighty , I Want to Ask How do I open the user interface after the completed installation

    • Ravi Saive says:

      @Almnssor,
      After reboot, you will see you a Deskop Login, just enter username and password to get User interface…

  3. Rashid says:

    Dear After Installation how i got to GUI Interface,
    Before some minutes i install fedora server 20 in my laptop ( My wish is dual booting installation ) but i lost my window 8 , :D but no problem when my installation finish they ask the Root user name and i give command ( init 5 ) not goes to GUI, how i goes to GUI.

    • Ravi Saive says:

      @Rashid,
      You’ve selected Federa 21 Server installation, which doesn’t provide any GUI mode, in order to have GUI on Fedora 21 Server, you need to install GNOME3 Desktop Environment using following command.

      # yum groupinstall gnome
      OR
      # yum groupinstall "Fedora Workstation" --skip-broken
      

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