LDAP stands for Lightweight Directory Access Protocol which can be used in numerous ways such as for authentication, shared directory (for mail clients), address book, etc. The LDAP protocol can be used to establish and store any kind of information. The OpenLDAP server gives you the possibility to access the information which is stored in a tree structure.
In this article we will show you how to install and configure an OpenLDAP server and how to administer it with phpLDAPadmin on Debian, Ubuntu and Linux Mint systems.
Installation Of OpenLDAP Server In Linux
By default the OpenLDAP server is in repositories under the package “slapd“. You can easily install it with the help of package manager tool called apt-get. But before installing the OpenLDAP server, make sure your system is up-to-date.
During installation, it will ask you to enter a password for the admin entry in your LDAP directory. Enter a strong password and confirm it by selecting OK.
$ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get install slapd ldap-utils
Configure OpenLDAP Server
In order to configure the OpenLDAP server you need to edit the ldap.conf file, which is stored under the /etc directory. To edit the ldap.conf file you need a text editor like vim, nano etc. Run the following command to open the ldap configuration file for editing.
$ sudo nano /etc/ldap/ldap.conf
The output of the above command is shown in the below section.
# # LDAP Defaults # # See ldap.conf(5) for details # This file should be world readable but not world writable. #BASE dc=example,dc=com #URI ldap://ldap.example.com ldap://ldap-master.example.com:666 #SIZELIMIT 12 #TIMELIMIT 15 #DEREF never # TLS certificates (needed for GnuTLS) TLS_CACERT /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt
Uncomment the BASE and URI lines, so you can edit them with your own domain name and IP address. Since this is a testing installation and configuration I will use tecmint123.com as my domain name.
# # LDAP Defaults # # See ldap.conf(5) for details # This file should be world readable but not world writable. BASE dc=tecmint123,dc=com URI ldap://ldap.example.com ldap://ldap-master.example.com:666 #SIZELIMIT 12 #TIMELIMIT 15 #DEREF never # TLS certificates (needed for GnuTLS) TLS_CACERT /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt
Save the file and run the following command to reconfigure the LDAP package.
$ sudo dpkg-reconfigure slapd
To construct the base DN of the LDAP directory you need a DNS domain name.
Enter your DNS domain name and hit Enter to confirm it. Then the ldap will ask to enter the name of the organization to use in the base DN of your LDAP directory. Enter the name of your company or organisation and hit Enter again.
After the organisation or company name is added, the package configuration will ask to enter the password for the admin entry in your LDAP
directory. You need to enter the password for the admin which you created in the previous steps.
After you have confirmed the administrator’s password, you have to select the database. There are two databases to select from, the BDB and HDB database. They both support the same configuration options, use similar storage formats, but since the HDB database adds support for sub-tree renames it is the recommended one.
You can select the database you think will work better for you. After you have decided which database you will use, hit Enter to confirm the selection. Then you will be prompted with another question. Select Yes to remove the database when slapd is purged.
Select again Yes and press Enter.
Select No and the LDAP server will start running.
[sudo] password for ravisaive: * Stopping OpenLDAP slapd [ OK ] Moving old database directory to /var/backups: - directory unknown... done. Creating initial configuration... done. Creating LDAP directory... done. * Starting OpenLDAP slapd [ OK ] Processing triggers for libc-bin ...
To test the LDAP server, the ldapsearch -x command is used.
It produces the following output.
# extended LDIF # # LDAPv3 # base <dc=tecmint123,dc=com> (default) with scope subtree # filter: (objectclass=*) # requesting: ALL # # tecmint123.com dn: dc=tecmint123,dc=com objectClass: top objectClass: dcObject objectClass: organization o: tecmint dc: tecmint123 # admin, tecmint123.com dn: cn=admin,dc=tecmint123,dc=com objectClass: simpleSecurityObject objectClass: organizationalRole cn: admin description: LDAP administrator # search result search: 2 result: 0 Success # numResponses: 3 # numEntries: 2
LDAP Administration with phpLDAPadmin
phpLDAPadmin is a GUI administration tool for LDAP server administration. This GUI tool will help us to interact with your LDAP server through a web interface. It is available in the default repositories, it can be installed with the apt-get command.
But before installing phpLDAPadmin, you must have Apache web server and PHP installed and running. If not, install it using following command.
$ sudo apt-get install apache2 php5 php5-mysql
Next install the “phpldapadmin” package as shown below.
$ sudo apt-get install phpldapadmin
The same way we configured the ldap.conf file, we need to configure the phpldapadmin web interface configuration files before using it. Run the following command to open the phpldapadmin config.php file.
$ sudo nano /etc/phpldapadmin/config.php
All you need to do is to replace the domain names with your own values. The configuration part needed for this case is under the “Define your LDAP servers” section.
$servers = new Datastore(); $servers->newServer('ldap_pla'); $servers->setValue('server','name','Tecmint LDAP Server'); $servers->setValue('server','host','127.0.0.1'); $servers->setValue('server','base',array('dc=tecmint123,dc=com')); $servers->setValue('login','bind_id','cn=admin,dc=tecmint123,dc=com');
After you have finished editing the config.php configuration file, open a tab in your web browser and tpye the “http://ip_address_here/phpldapadmin” URL. Enter your ldap login credentials and click login.