ngxtop – Monitor Nginx Log Files in Real Time in Linux

ngxtop is a free open source, simple, flexible, fully configurable and easy-to-use real-time top-like monitoring tool for nginx server. It gathers data by parsing the nginx access log (default location is always /var/log/nginx/access.log) and displays useful metrics of your nginx server, thus helping you to keep an eye on your web server in real-time. It also allows you to parse Apache logs from a remote server.

How to Install and Use Ngxtop in Linux

To install ngxtop, first you need to install PIP in Linux, once you have pip installed on your system, you can install ngxtop using following command.

$ sudo pip install ngxtop

Monitor Nginx Server Requests

Now that you have installed ngxtop, the easiest way to run it is without any arguments. This will parse the /var/log/nginx/access.log and runs in follow mode (watch for new lines as they are written to the access log) by default.

$ sudo ngxtop
Sample Output
running for 411 seconds, 64332 records processed: 156.60 req/sec

Summary:
|   count |   avg_bytes_sent |   2xx |   3xx |   4xx |   5xx |
|---------+------------------+-------+-------+-------+-------|
|   64332 |         2775.251 | 61262 |  2994 |    71 |     5 |

Detailed:
| request_path                             |   count |   avg_bytes_sent |   2xx |   3xx |   4xx |   5xx |
|------------------------------------------+---------+------------------+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| /abc/xyz/xxxx                            |   20946 |          434.693 | 20935 |     0 |    11 |     0 |
| /xxxxx.json                              |    5633 |         1483.723 |  5633 |     0 |     0 |     0 |
| /xxxxx/xxx/xxxxxxxxxxxxx                 |    3629 |         6835.499 |  3626 |     0 |     3 |     0 |
| /xxxxx/xxx/xxxxxxxx                      |    3627 |        15971.885 |  3623 |     0 |     4 |     0 |
| /xxxxx/xxx/xxxxxxx                       |    3624 |         7830.236 |  3621 |     0 |     3 |     0 |
| /static/js/minified/utils.min.js         |    3031 |         1781.155 |  2104 |   927 |     0 |     0 |
| /static/js/minified/xxxxxxx.min.v1.js    |    2889 |         2210.235 |  2068 |   821 |     0 |     0 |
| /static/tracking/js/xxxxxxxx.js          |    2594 |         1325.681 |  1927 |   667 |     0 |     0 |
| /xxxxx/xxx.html                          |    2521 |          573.597 |  2520 |     0 |     1 |     0 |
| /xxxxx/xxxx.json                         |    1840 |          800.542 |  1839 |     0 |     1 |     0 |

To quit, press [Ctrl + C].

Parse Different Access Log

You can parse a different access log, for instance for a particular website or web app using the -l flag as shown.

$ sudo ngxtop -l /var/log/nginx/site1/access.log

List Top Source IPs of Clients

The following command will list all top source IP’s of clients accessing the site.

$ sudo ngxtop remote_addr -l  /var/log/nginx/site1/access.log
Sample Output
running for 20 seconds, 3215 records processed: 159.62 req/sec

top remote_addr
| remote_addr     |   count |
|-----------------+---------|
| 118.173.177.161 |      20 |
| 110.78.145.3    |      16 |
| 171.7.153.7     |      16 |
| 180.183.67.155  |      16 |
| 183.89.65.9     |      16 |
| 202.28.182.5    |      16 |
| 1.47.170.12     |      15 |
| 119.46.184.2    |      15 |
| 125.26.135.219  |      15 |
| 125.26.213.203  |      15 |

Use Particular Log Format

To use a log format as specified in log_format directive, employ the -f option as shown.

$ sudo ngxtop -f main -l /var/log/nginx/site1/access.log

Parse Apache Log From Remote Server

To parse Apache log file from a remote server with common format, use a command similar to the following (specify your username and remote server IP).

$ ssh [email protected]_server tail -f /var/log/apache2/access.log | ngxtop -f common
Sample Output
running for 20 seconds, 1068 records processed: 53.01 req/sec

Summary:
|   count |   avg_bytes_sent |   2xx |   3xx |   4xx |   5xx |
|---------+------------------+-------+-------+-------+-------|
|    1068 |        28026.763 |  1029 |    20 |    19 |     0 |

Detailed:
| request_path                             |   count |   avg_bytes_sent |   2xx |   3xx |   4xx |   5xx |
|------------------------------------------+---------+------------------+-------+-------+-------+-------|
| /xxxxxxxxxx                              |     199 |        55150.402 |   199 |     0 |     0 |     0 |
| /xxxxxxxx/xxxxx                          |     167 |        47591.826 |   167 |     0 |     0 |     0 |
| /xxxxxxxxxxxxx/xxxxxx                    |      25 |         7432.200 |    25 |     0 |     0 |     0 |
| /xxxx/xxxxx/x/xxxxxxxxxxxxx/xxxxxxx      |      22 |          698.727 |    22 |     0 |     0 |     0 |
| /xxxx/xxxxx/x/xxxxxxxxxxxxx/xxxxxx       |      19 |         7431.632 |    19 |     0 |     0 |     0 |
| /xxxxx/xxxxx/                            |      18 |         7840.889 |    18 |     0 |     0 |     0 |
| /xxxxxxxx/xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx              |      15 |         7356.000 |    15 |     0 |     0 |     0 |
| /xxxxxxxxxxx/xxxxxxxx                    |      15 |         9978.800 |    15 |     0 |     0 |     0 |
| /xxxxx/                                  |      14 |            0.000 |     0 |    14 |     0 |     0 |
| /xxxxxxxxxx/xxxxxxxx/xxxxx               |      13 |        20530.154 |    13 |     0 |     0 |     0 |

For more usage options, view the ngxtop help message using the following command.

$ ngxtop -h  

ngxtop Github repository: https://github.com/lebinh/ngxtop

That’s it for now! In this article, we have explained how to install and use ngxtop in Linux systems. If you have any questions, or extra thoughts to add to this guide, use the comment form below. In addition, if you have come across any similar tools, also let us know and we will be grateful.

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Aaron Kili

Aaron Kili is a Linux and F.O.S.S enthusiast, an upcoming Linux SysAdmin, web developer, and currently a content creator for TecMint who loves working with computers and strongly believes in sharing knowledge.

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2 Responses

  1. Jacob says:

    $ sudo top remote_addr -l /var/log/nginx/site1/access.log
    — this is probably a typo.

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