How to Install ImageMagick 7 on Debian and Ubuntu

ImageMagick is a free and open source, feature-rich, text-based, and cross-platform image manipulation tool used to create, edit, compose or convert bitmap images. It runs on Linux, Windows, Mac Os X, iOS, Android OS, and many other operating systems.

It features command line processing, creation of animations, color management, special effects, text and comments, complex text layout, connected content labeling, image decoration, and drawing (add shapes or text to an image). It also supports format conversion, distributed pixel caching, large images, image transformation and so much more.

Read Also: How to Install ImageMagick on CentOS and Fedora

Although its functionality is typically utilized from the command line, you can use its features from programs written in any of the supported programming languages. It is designed for batch processing of images (i.e ImageMagick allows you to combine image processing operations in a script (shell, DOS, Python, Ruby, Perl, PHP, and many others)).

In this article, we will explain how to install and compile ImageMagick from source code in Debian and Ubuntu distributions.

Installing Dependencies for ImageMagick

To install ImageMagick from the source, you need a proper development environment with a compiler and related development tools. If you don’t have the required packages on your system, install build-essential as shown:

$ sudo apt update 
$ sudo apt-get install build-essential

Once you’ve installed compilation dependencies, now you can download the ImageMagick source code.

Download ImageMagick Source Files

Go to the official ImageMagick download page and grab the latest “ImageMagick.tar.gz” source code package. Alternatively, you can use the following wget command to download the source code directly in the terminal as shown.

$ wget

Once the download is complete, extract its content and move it into the extracted directory.

$ tar xvzf ImageMagick.tar.gz
$ cd ImageMagick-7.1.0-45/

ImageMagick Compilation and Installation

Now it’s time to configure and compile ImageMagick by running the ./configure command to perform a compilation configuration.


Next, run the make command to perform the compilation.

$ make

Once the compilation is successful, install it and configure the dynamic linker run-time bindings as follows.

$ sudo make install 
$ sudo ldconfig /usr/local/lib

Finally, verify that ImageMagick 7 has been installed on your system by checking its version.

$ magick -version
$ identify -version
Check ImageMagick Version in Ubuntu
Check ImageMagick Version in Ubuntu

That’s all! ImageMagick is a feature-rich image manipulation tool used to create, edit, compose, or convert bitmap images.

In this article, we have shown how to install ImageMagick 7 from sources in Debian and Ubuntu. Use the comment form below to ask any questions or give us feedback.

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19 thoughts on “How to Install ImageMagick 7 on Debian and Ubuntu”

  1. Installing ImageMagick 7 in Linux from source is a pain because there are lots of optional packages needed to support all of ImageMagick’s “delegates” (image formats). The compile will succeed, but the resulting install will be missing support for common formats (PNG, TIFF, etc.).

    I *strongly* suggest using ImageMagick Easy Install (IMEI):

    Not only does it take care of all this for you, but it can also incrementally update your local install after the initial installation.

  2. If you face a problem running `./configure` with a GCC error, please run `sudo apt install gcc` and repeat `./configure` step.

  3. Hey, thanks for you how to. It worked fine for me. I always tried to have the V7. instead of the 6.9 that came with the distribution.

  4. How do you delete ImageMagick? I have done all the methods like apt-get remove –purge imagemagick or enter the ImageMagick XXXX folder and run make clean but ImageMagick still does not disappear.

  5. It didn’t work for me.

    After “sudo make install
    appear this:

    make  all-am
    make[1]: Entering directory '/home/vieira/ImageMagick-7.0.10-6'
      CCLD     MagickCore/
    /x86_64-conda_cos6-linux-gnu/bin/ld: cannot find -lpng12
    collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
    make[1]: *** [Makefile:6937: MagickCore/] Error 1
    make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/vieira/ImageMagick-7.0.10-6'
    make: *** [Makefile:5988: all] Error 2
  6. Hi! Is there a reason for not doing it this simple way?

    $ sudo apt-get install imagemagick imagemagick-doc

    I had done it the way you described but then it wasn’t available in my web CMS (I was probably too stupid to link it properly). So I searched again and found the above mentioned way which was way faster and just worked. Now the website can use it.

    The 2nd question would now be: what do I need to uninstall/delete if I want to get rid of the installation as listed above?

    • That works when the installation binary is already in your system. I’m not that good with Linux or for that matter Ubuntu OS, but your “simple” method did not work for me. It will always return “imagemagick” not found error.

      This article saved my day. I’m yet to add to my php

    • Hey Clive, I just came by to thank you for this amazing solution. I was having the same problem that Joao Vieira and this helped me to conclude the installation and let me verified. Thank you very much.


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