Linux Mint 21, codenamed “Vanessa”, was officially released as a major update to Linux Mint on July 31, 2022. Linux Mint 21 is an LTS (Long Term Service) release based on Ubuntu 22.04 and will be maintained until April 2027.
In this guide, we will walk you through the installation of Linux Mint 21 MATE Edition.
What’s New in Linux Mint 21
At a high level, Mint 21 ships with the following improvements:
- Blueman, which is desktop-agnostic, is now the default Bluetooth GUI manager taking over from Blueberry.
- Improved support for thumbnails. The Xapp-thumbnailers project provides thumbnail support for file types such as .ePub, RAW image formats, mp3, webp, and AppImage.
- Improved support for sticky notes. You can easily duplicate sticky notes.
- Scanning and printing improvements. Mint 21 now uses driverless printing and scanning.
- Xapp improvements.
For an in-depth overview of the features provided, check out the release notes.
Before you get started with installing Mint 21 MATE edition, ensure that you have the following requirements:
- A 16 GB USB drive for the installation medium.
- Broadband internet connection for downloading the ISO image.
In addition, ensure that your system meets the following minimum recommended requirements.
- Minimum of 2GB of RAM
- Minimum of 1 GHz Dual core processor
- 30 GB of free hard disk space
- HD graphics card and monitor
Download Linux Mint 21 MATE ISO Image
To get off the ground, download Linux Mint 21 MATE ISO image from the Official Linux Mint download page.
Once downloaded, use one of these free tools for creating a bootable USB drive from the ISO image that you have just downloaded.
Next plug in the bootable USB drive to your PC and reboot. Ensure to set the bootable USB medium as the first boot priority in the BIOS and save the changes to continue booting.
Installing Linux Mint 21 Mate Desktop
Once the system boots, the GRUB menu will be displayed as shown. Select the first option and hit ENTER.
Afterward, you will be ushered to the Live environment where you can test-run Linux Mint without installing it. Since our mission is to install Linux Mint 21, click on the ‘Install Linux Mint’ desktop icon as shown.
After clicking on the ‘Install Linux Mint’ desktop icon, the installer will pop open and you will be prompted to select the installation language. Once you have selected your preferred language, click ‘Continue’.
Next, choose your preferred keyboard layout. In addition, you can type a few words to confirm if the keyboard selection you have selected is the right one. If all looks great, click ‘Continue’.
Next, you will be given an option to install multimedia codecs. Installing the codecs is highly recommended as it provides support for multiple video formats and an enhanced user experience when browsing some websites.
So, click on the checkbox and click ‘Continue’.
In this step, you will be required to partition your hard drive. Two options will be presented to you:
- Erase disk and install Linux Mint – This option wipes out everything on your hard drive including any existing OS. In addition, it automatically partitions your hard disk. This is a preferred option if you are starting from a clean slate and are not familiar with manual partitioning.
- Something else – This option gives you autonomy to manually create and resize the partitions yourself. It’s particularly useful when you want to have a dual-boot setup.
For this guide, we will go with the first option.
The ‘Advanced Features’ button provides two additional options to choose from: using LVM with your new installation or ZFS filesystem. Once you have made your selection, click ‘OK’. Then click ‘Install Now’.
On the pop-up that appears, click ‘Continue’ to effect the changes made to the disk.
In the next step, select your location from the world map provided and click ‘Continue’.
In this step, create a login user by providing the username and password of the user. Then click ‘Continue’.
At this point, the installer will begin copying all the files to your hard drive and make the required configurations. This might take a while, so just sit back and take some coffee.
Once the installation is complete, reboot your system by clicking ‘Restart Now’.
Once the system has rebooted, log in by providing the password and pressing ‘ENTER’.
You will then be ushered to the Linux 21 MATE desktop as shown.
With that, we call it a wrap on this guide. It’s our hope that you can comfortably install Linux Mint 21 MATE edition without any issues.