Wine 4.0 Stable Released – Install on Debian, Ubuntu and Linux Mint

Wine is an open source, free and easy-to-use program that enables Linux users to run some Windows based applications on Unix-like operating systems. Wine is a compatibility layer for installing almost all versions of Windows programs.

Read also : Install Wine 4.0 in RedHat / CentOS / Fedora

This article describes a few easy steps to install latest stable version of Wine 4.0 under Debian 9-8, Ubuntu 18.10-16.04 and Linux Mint 19-17 systems and also we will see how to configure wine, install windows software’s and Un-install.

You can find out all the new features and change log of this new release at Wine announcement project page.

Installation of Wine 4.0 on Ubuntu, Linux Mint and Debian

If you looking to have a most recent version of Wine 4.0 stable series, you have to use a new Wine repository PPA which offers both development versions and stable versions of Wine for Debian, Ubuntu and Linux Mint.

To install Wine 4.0 on Ubuntu and Linux Mint, open the terminal by hitting ‘CTRL + ALT + T‘ from the desktop and run the following commands to install it:

----------------- On Ubuntu & Linux Mint ----------------- 
$ sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386    [Enable 32-bit Arch]
$ wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key
$ sudo apt-key add winehq.key
$ sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ cosmic main' [Ubuntu 18.10]
$ sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ bionic main' [Ubuntu 18.04 & Linux Mint 19.x]
$ sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ xenial main' [Ubuntu 16.04 & Linux Mint 18.x]


$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install --install-recommends winehq-stable

To install Wine on Debian.

$ sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
$ wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key
$ sudo apt-key add winehq.key

Next add the following repository to /etc/apt/sources.list or create a *.list under /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ with the following content.

deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/debian/ jessie main    [Debian 8 (Jessie)]
deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/debian/ stretch main   [Debian 9 (Stretch)]
deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/debian/ buster main    [Debian 10 (currently Testing) (Buster)]

Note: Don’t forget replace DISTRO with your Debian release either wheezy, jessie, stretch or sid.

Now update the package repository database and install Wine as shown.

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install --install-recommends winehq-stable

Another way to get the most recent stable version of Wine (i.e. 4.0 as of now), is to build wine from source tarball using following commands.

$ wget https://dl.winehq.org/wine/source/4.0/wine-4.0.tar.xz
$ tar -xvf wine-4.0.tar.xz
$ cd wine-4.0/
$ sudo ./configure 
$ sudo ./configure --enable-win64   [For 64-bit platform]
$ sudo make && sudo make install

Starting Wine 4.0

To start the Wine program, you must give the full path to the .exe program. For example, we will start the notepad.exe program through wine.

$ wine notepad.exe
Start Wine in Ubuntu

Starting Wine in Ubuntu

Configure Wine 4.0

The default wine configuration is much enough for running windows applications, but not all windows based applications run under wine. And in some cases you may required an extra configuration to run certain applications or adding a new windows drive for mapping CD-ROM drives.

The wine configuration is done by ‘winecfg‘ utility, so in order to configure wine run the following command on the terminal.

$ winecfg
Configure Wine in Ubuntu

Configuring Wine in Ubuntu

To add new drive click on ‘Drives‘ –> ‘Add Drive‘ and then give full path of the cdrom. See the below screenshot.

Add Drivers in Wine

Adding CD-ROM Drive in Wine

This is very useful for installing games and applications using cdrom with wine under your Ubuntu box.

Install Windows Software’s Using Winetricks

Winetricks is a small helper script for downloading and installing windows based software’s and missing DDL files that needed to run some programs under wine. To download and install software programs, run the ‘winetricks‘ utility from the terminal. Please note that the winetricks current prefix is user’s home directory (i.e. /home/user/.wine). So, whatever you install it goes under this directory.

$ winetricks

While running ‘winetricks‘ you might get following error message:

/usr/bin/winetricks: 2201: /usr/bin/winetricks: cannot create /tmp/early_wine.err.txt: Permission denied
------------------------------------------------------
wine cmd.exe /c echo '%ProgramFiles%' returned empty string, error message 'wine: /home/tecmint/.wine is not owned by you'

To fix such permission error run the following command and replace the username with your own user.

# sudo chown -R username:username /tmp/early_wine.err.txt
$ winetricks
Start Winetricks in Ubuntu

Starting Winetricks in Ubuntu

It will ask you one time question about helping winetricks development by submitting reports on wine statistics. Just click on ‘Yes‘.

Winetricks report

Submit Winetricks Report

Click on ‘OK‘ button to move forward. If you don’t want to submit reports to winetricks, then simple turn-off with the command ‘winetricks –optout‘.

Turn-off Winetricks report

Turn-off Submitting Winetricks Reports

Next, select ‘Install a Windows DLL or component‘.

Install Software Using Wine

Install Software Using Wine

Select the software that you wish to install. Let’s say I would like to install Internet Explorer 8.

Download and Install Wine Softwares

Download and Install Wine Softwares

The utility automatically download and install the selected software from the winetricks table.

Winetricks Download and Install Softwares

Winetricks Download and Install Softwares

Once, the download and installation completes, it will automatically start the program. See the screenshot below.

Wine start Programs

Starting Programs with Wine

You can also start the program by specifying full path of the program like.

$ sudo wine 'C:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\iexplore'

As I said above that not all programs will work with wine. So, I recommend you to check out the Wine app database before installing any software through wine.

Uninstalling Windows Software using Winetricks

If you want to uninstall the Internet Explorer with winetricks just type the following command it will completely delete the program. You also directly delete the program directory from the .wine directory like shown below.

$ sudo rm -rf .wine/drive_c/Programe\ Files/Internet\ Explorer/

Uninstalling Wine and Winetricks

If you not happy with wine program, you can remove it completely by using the following command.

$ sudo apt purge winehq-stable

You can also download Wine 4.0 source package for other Linux distributions from the wine download page.

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Ravi Saive

I am Ravi Saive, creator of TecMint. A Computer Geek and Linux Guru who loves to share tricks and tips on Internet. Most Of My Servers runs on Open Source Platform called Linux. Follow Me: Twitter, Facebook and Google+

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147 Responses

  1. Angelo says:

    Hi, Very good guide very well explained.

    I have a problem though. I cannot find wine in the software menu.

    I have mint 18.3 Sylvia freshly installed.

    How do i connect it to the menu? For using it without command line?

    Last thing wouldn’t I need also gecko?

    Thanks..

    • Ravi Saive says:

      @Angelo,

      To add “wine” to software menu, first go to System → Preferences → Main Menu and make you sure there is item Wine is checked to show in the Menu item.

      The official wine instructions haven’t mentioned about Gecko package, so I don’t thing it required now..

  2. Hoc Java says:

    Thanks for your sharing :)

  3. Linux newbie CLI says:

    I attempted to install Wine using your instructions at: https://www.tecmint.com/install-wine-on-ubuntu-and-linux-mint/ on a fresh install of Linux Mint Mate 18.2, but:

    [email protected] ~ $ dpkg –add-architecture i386
    dpkg: error: unable to create new file ‘/var/lib/dpkg/arch-new’: Permission denied

    I wonder if I should have tried earlier in the installation when I was a “superuser” but didn’t have Internet.

    The latest stable version seems to be 2.0.2, though the development versions are at least up to 2.13.

    I suppose that if Mint is designed to be friendly to Windows users, a particular interpretation of that would *not* make it easy to install Wine, because Windows doesn’t have Wine !

    • Ravi Saive says:

      @Berry,

      You must use sudo to run the following command to enable 32-bit architecture for 64-bit.

      $ sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 
      
  4. Ron says:

    I just tried installing Wine’s current version and after entering all of the code precisely how it was typed here, it said “Unable to locate package winehq-stable”.

    • Ravi Saive says:

      @Ron,

      Have you executed these following commands correctly?

      $ sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386  [if you’re running a 64-bit version]
      $ sudo apt-add-repository 'https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/'
      $ wget https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/Release.key && sudo apt-key add Release.key
      $ sudo apt update && sudo apt install winehq-stable
      
  5. Ali says:

    I finally able to run exe on ubuntu 17.04, thanks a lot for sharing this info

  6. satria says:

    It’s working nicely on my Fedora Linux, thanks for share..

  7. Pieter says:

    I did the following in Terminal:

    $ wine SophieSew_SetUp_1_13B42.exe
    

    and it opened. I want to open Wilcom but it is a .zip file. How do I unzip it?

    Clicking left or right button does nothing.

    I Tried ~$ wine WilcomEmbroideryStudio – ServicePack e3.0Z (Update 6) 19 Sep 2016 (345-7594).zip
    Thanks

  8. Pieter says:

    Hi, I am new to Ubuntu and the terminal is greek to me. I installed Wine 2.0. Every thing installed and also winetricks.

    I then entered “wine notepad.exe” and a blank Notepad page open.

    Pressing Ctrl + H the .wine file is there.

    Now I still can not load window programs.

    What am I doing wrong?

    Thank You
    Pieter

  9. wisata jogja says:

    nice article about installing wine

  10. knuxfanwin8 says:

    EDIT: I just had to press TAB. Sorry for trouble.

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