10 Top Open Source Artificial Intelligence Tools for Linux

In this post, we shall cover a few of the top, open-source artificial intelligence (AI) tools for the Linux ecosystem. Currently, AI is one of the ever-advancing fields in science and technology, with a major focus geared towards building software and hardware to solve everyday life challenges in areas such as health care, education, security, manufacturing, banking and so much more.

Below is a list of a number of platforms designed and developed for supporting AI, that you can utilize on Linux and possibly many other operating systems. Remember this list is not arranged in any specific order of interest.

1. Deep Learning For Java (Deeplearning4j)

Deeplearning4j is a commercial-grade, open-source, plug-and-play, distributed deep-learning library for Java and Scala programming languages. It is designed specifically for business-related applications, and integrated with Hadoop and Spark on top of distributed CPUs and GPUs.

DL4J is released under the Apache 2.0 license provides GPU support for scaling on AWS and is adapted for micro-service architecture.

Deeplearning4j - Deep Learning for Java
Deeplearning4j – Deep Learning for Java

2. Caffe – Deep Learning Framework

Caffe is a modular and expressive deep-learning framework based on speed. It is released under the BSD 2-Clause license, and it’s already supporting several community projects in areas such as research, startup prototypes, and industrial applications in fields such as vision, speech, and multimedia.

Caffe - Deep Learning Framework
Caffe – Deep Learning Framework

3. H20 – Distributed Machine Learning Framework

H20 is an open-source, fast, scalable, and distributed machine learning framework, plus the assortment of algorithms equipped on the framework. It supports smarter applications such as deep learning, gradient boosting, random forests, generalized linear modeling (i.e. logistic regression, Elastic Net), and many more.

It is a business-oriented artificial intelligence tool for decision-making from data, it enables users to draw insights from their data using faster and better predictive modeling.

H2O - Distributed Machine Learning Framework
H2O – Distributed Machine Learning Framework

4. MLlib – Machine Learning Library

MLlib is an open-source, easy-to-use, and high-performance machine-learning library developed as part of Apache Spark. It is essentially easy to deploy and can run on existing Hadoop clusters and data.

MLlib also ships with a collection of algorithms for classification, regression, recommendation, clustering, survival analysis and so much more. Importantly, it can be used in Python, Java, Scala, and R programming languages.

MLlib - Machine Learning Library
MLlib – Machine Learning Library

5. Apache Mahout

Apache Mahout is an open-source framework designed for building scalable machine learning applications, it has three prominent features listed below:

  • Provides a simple and extensible programming workplace.
  • Offers a variety of prepackaged algorithms for Scala + Apache Spark, H20 as well as Apache Flink.
  • Includes Samaras, a vector math experimentation workplace with R-like syntax.
Apache Mahout - Machine Learning Library
Apache Mahout – Machine Learning Library

6. Open Neural Networks Library (OpenNN)

OpenNN is also an open-source class library written in C++ for deep learning, it is used to instigate neural networks. However, it is only optimal for experienced C++ programmers and persons with tremendous machine-learning skills. It’s characterized by a deep architecture and high performance.

OpenNN - Open Neural Networks Library
OpenNN – Open Neural Networks Library

7. TensorFlow

TensorFlow is an open-source machine learning framework that has gained immense popularity in the field of artificial intelligence (AI) and deep learning.

TensorFlow, developed by Google, has emerged as the preferred tool for data scientists and developers for building and deploying machine learning models.

TensorFlow - Machine Learning Platform
TensorFlow – Machine Learning Platform

8. PyTorch

PyTorch is a cutting-edge open-source deep learning framework, that has revolutionized the world of artificial intelligence and machine learning. Developed by Facebook’s AI Research lab, PyTorch empowers data scientists, researchers, and developers with a dynamic approach to building and training neural networks.

Its flexibility, robustness, and seamless integration with popular libraries make it a go-to choice for AI projects. PyTorch’s dynamic computational graph enables swift experimentation and easy debugging, accelerating model development.

PyTorch - Machine Learning Framework
PyTorch – Machine Learning Framework

9. Apache SystemDS

SystemDS is an open-source machine learning platform that offers a unified interface for executing and optimizing machine learning algorithms.

Developed by IBM, SystemDS aims to address the challenges of scaling and optimizing machine learning workflows across large datasets and distributed computing environments.

It leverages declarative programming and automatic optimization techniques to simplify the development and deployment of machine learning models. With SystemDS, users can seamlessly run their code on a single machine or distribute it across a cluster, allowing for efficient and scalable execution. Its flexibility and scalability make it a valuable tool for data scientists and researchers working with large-scale machine-learning tasks

Apache SystemDS - Machine Learning Platform
Apache SystemDS – Machine Learning Platform

10. NuPIC

NuPIC is an open-source framework for machine learning that is based on Hierarchical Temporary Memory (HTM), a neocortex theory.

The HTM program integrated into NuPIC is implemented for analyzing real-time streaming data, where it learns time-based patterns existing in data, predicts the imminent values as well, and reveals any irregularities.

Its notable features include:

  • Continuous online learning
  • Temporal and spatial patterns
  • Real-time streaming data
  • Prediction and modeling
  • Powerful anomaly detection
  • Hierarchical temporal memory
NuPIC Machine Intelligence
NuPIC Machine Intelligence

With the rise and ever-advancing research in AI, we are bound to witness more tools spring up to help make this area of technology a success, especially for solving daily scientific challenges along with educational purposes.

Are you interested in AI, what is your say? Offer us your thoughts, suggestions, or any productive feedback about the subject matter via the comment section below and we shall be delighted to know more from you.

Aaron Kili
Aaron Kili is a Linux and F.O.S.S enthusiast, an upcoming Linux SysAdmin, web developer, and currently a content creator for TecMint who loves working with computers and strongly believes in sharing knowledge.

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8 thoughts on “10 Top Open Source Artificial Intelligence Tools for Linux”

  1. Ex-NCR (1980), Retired IBM (2004 A/S 400 Specialist…)

    Count me crazy but, at 83, I have become interested in AI. The question is, “where to start?”

    In addition to the A/S 400, I am an MS Early Adopter and my go-to OS has been Linux since 2002 (Fedora and now Ubuntu).

    What is the best into to AI at this point? Anyone have a suggestion?


    • @Geroge,

      Hello George,

      It’s fantastic that you’re interested in AI at 83! A great starting point is to explore online courses on platforms like Coursera, edX, or Khan Academy. They offer beginner-friendly AI courses.

      Considering your background with A/S 400, IBM, and Linux, you might find Python programming language useful for AI. There are many online resources to learn Python. Once comfortable, explore AI concepts and tools.

      Feel free to join AI communities, like those on Reddit or forums, for discussions and insights. Books like “Artificial Intelligence: A New Synthesis” by Nils J. Nilsson or “Artificial Intelligence: Foundations of Computational Agents” could be good reads.

      Best wishes on your AI journey!

  2. One still needs a master’s degree in coding and data mining in order to use AI. The way it is coded all together is useless for advanced users, software that can be used by advanced users is all commercial and overpriced.

    People need to analyze data and not make a master’s degree in how to use it! There is no AI open source data mining software, software being, commercial or open source features only generative INs that are hard to use due to one can’t guess proper hyperparameters. There are more possibilities than winning the toughest lotto in the world.

    It’s all pre-90s when those base algorithms were developed. All you can get is pieces that u have to code all together by yourself, and then you have to code also what these pieces would do manually and the interconnections between them.

    That’s why you need a master’s degree in coding, mathematics, statistics, and databases. There are also huge drawbacks to how this kind of software handles data inputs (no continuous workflows, not user-friendly, error rich, most of them don’t even take rows into account only columns (but data in rows are also equally relevant as in columns (cross-importance), some even winning on named 1st columns meta names and so on …), poor tuts, not exactly clear how data in the matrix are treated and so on… software is still crap and poorly coded and answers on all those questions one has to empirically finds out by himself just to find out how this isn’t supposed to work.

    So in the end results are devastating useless waste of nerves and time. Try to get promised accuracy on non-linear datasets with various IN shapes near or above 70% for results to be of some use.

    You can only dream getting it on more than 90% as posted all over the net. It’s all lie. I’m in this field for 1 year now and I can only say leave it be if u don’t need it professionally. AI not for end users.

  3. While I enjoyed this article, I would love to see some A.I. suggestions for the average desktop/laptop. (I have tried Almond, but would love something more advanced.) The desktop/laptop area is where I thing A.I.’s could really shine, especially in the virtual assistant type application. Cortana/Siri are fine but still way too primitive, and not open source. (Nor can they be just added to an existing system.)

  4. As an AI developer and enthusiast, this article give a good feedback on several widely used libraries and tools for artificial intelligence. With the ever expanding capability of AI i wonder what will come next for the big data and AI industry

  5. OpenCyc seems to be discontinued:

    “Part of the Cyc technology was released, starting in 2001, as OpenCyc, which provided an API, RDF endpoint, and data dump, under appropriate Apache and Creative Commons open source licenses. Its distribution was discontinued in early 2017 because such “fragmenting” led to divergence, and led to confusion amongst its users and the technical community generally that that OpenCyc fragment was Cyc.”


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