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35 Practical Examples of Linux Find Command

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The Linux Find Command is one of the most important and much used command in Linux sytems. Find command used to search and locate list of files and directories based on conditions you specify for files that match the arguments. Find can be used in variety of conditions like you can find files by permissions, users, groups, file type, date, size and other possible criteria.

Linux Find Command

35 Linux Find Commands Examples

Through this article we are sharing our day-to-day Linux find command experience and its usage in the form of examples. In this article we will show you the most used 35 Find Commands examples in Linux. We have divided the section into Five parts from basic to advance usage of find command.

  1. Part I: Basic Find Commands for Finding Files with Names
  2. Part II: Find Files Based on their Permissions
  3. Part III: Search Files Based On Owners and Groups
  4. Part IV: Find Files and Directories Based on Date and Time
  5. Part V: Find Files and Directories Based on Size
Part I – Basic Find Commands for Finding Files with Names

1. Find Files Using Name in Current Directory

Find all the files whose name is tecmint.txt in a current working directory.

# find . -name tecmint.txt

./tecmint.txt

2. Find Files Under Home Directory

Find all the files under /home directory with name tecmint.txt.

# find /home -name tecmint.txt

/home/tecmint.txt

3. Find Files Using Name and Ignoring Case

Find all the files whose name is tecmint.txt and contains both capital and small letters in /home directory.

# find /home -iname tecmint.txt

./tecmint.txt
./Tecmint.txt

4. Find Directories Using Name

Find all directories whose name is Tecmint in / directory.

# find / -type d -name Tecmint

/Tecmint

5. Find PHP Files Using Name

Find all php files whose name is tecmint.php in a current working directory.

# find . -type f -name tecmint.php

./tecmint.php

6. Find all PHP Files in Directory

Find all php files in a directory.

# find . -type f -name "*.php"

./tecmint.php
./login.php
./index.php
Part II – Find Files Based on their Permissions

7. Find Files With 777 Permissions

Find all the files whose permissions are 777.

# find . -type f -perm 0777 -print

8. Find Files Without 777 Permissions

Find all the files without permission 777.

# find / -type f ! -perm 777

9. Find SGID Files with 644 Permissions

Find all the SGID bit files whose permissions set to 644.

# find / -perm 2644

10. Find Sticky Bit Files with 551 Permissions

Find all the Sticky Bit set files whose permission are 551.

# find / -perm 1551

11. Find SUID Files

Find all SUID set files.

# find / -perm /u=s

12. Find SGID Files

Find all SGID set files.

# find / -perm /g+s

13. Find Read Only Files

Find all Read Only files.

# find / -perm /u=r

14. Find Executable Files

Find all Executable files.

# find / -perm /a=x

15. Find Files with 777 Permissions and Chmod to 644

Find all 777 permission files and use chmod command to set permissions to 644.

# find / -type f -perm 0777 -print -exec chmod 644 {} \;

16. Find Directories with 777 Permissions and Chmod to 755

Find all 777 permission directories and use chmod command to set permissions to 755.

# find / -type d -perm 777 -print -exec chmod 755 {} \;

17. Find and remove single File

To find a single file called tecmint.txt and remove it.

# find . -type f -name "tecmint.txt" -exec rm -f {} \;

18. Find and remove Multiple File

To find and remove multiple files such as .mp3 or .txt, then use.

# find . -type f -name "*.txt" -exec rm -f {} \;

OR

# find . -type f -name "*.mp3" -exec rm -f {} \;

19. Find all Empty Files

To file all empty files under certain path.

# find /tmp -type f -empty

20. Find all Empty Directories

To file all empty directories under certain path.

# find /tmp -type d -empty

21. File all Hidden Files

To find all hidden files, use below command.

# find /tmp -type f -name ".*"
Part III – Search Files Based On Owners and Groups

22. Find Single File Based on User

To find all or single file called tecmint.txt under / root directory of owner root.

# find / -user root -name tecmint.txt

23. Find all Files Based on User

To find all files that belongs to user Tecmint under /home directory.

# find /home -user tecmint

24. Find all Files Based on Group

To find all files that belongs to group Developer under /home directory.

# find /home -group developer

25. Find Particular Files of User

To find all .txt files of user Tecmint under /home directory.

# find /home -user tecmint -iname "*.txt"
Part IV – Find Files and Directories Based on Date and Time

26. Find Last 50 Days Modified Files

To find all the files which are modified 50 days back.

# find / -mtime 50

27. Find Last 50 Days Accessed Files

To find all the files which are accessed 50 days back.

# find / -atime 50

28. Find Last 50-100 Days Modified Files

To find all the files which are modified more than 50 days back and less than 100 days.

# find / -mtime +50 –mtime -100

29. Find Changed Files in Last 1 Hour

To find all the files which are changed in last 1 hour.

# find / -cmin -60

30. Find Modified Files in Last 1 Hour

To find all the files which are modified in last 1 hour.

# find / -mmin -60

31. Find Accessed Files in Last 1 Hour

To find all the files which are accessed in last 1 hour.

# find / -amin -60
Part V – Find Files and Directories Based on Size

32. Find 50MB Files

To find all 50MB files, use.

# find / -size 50M

33. Find Size between 50MB – 100MB

To find all the files which are greater than 50MB and less than 100MB.

# find / -size +50M -size -100M

34. Find and Delete 100MB Files

To find all 100MB files and delete them using one single command.

# find / -size +100M -exec rm -rf {} \;

35. Find Specific Files and Delete

Find all .mp3 files with more than 10MB and delete them using one single command.

# find / -type f -name *.mp3 -size +10M -exec rm {} \;

That’s it, We are ending this post here, In our next article we will discuss more about other Linux commands in depth with practical examples. Let us know your opinions on this article using our comment section.

Ravi Saive

Owner at TecMint.com
Simple Word a Computer Geek and Linux Guru who loves to share tricks and tips on Internet. Most Of My Servers runs on Open Source Platform called Linux.

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28 Responses

  1. Ernesto says:

    Number 34 needs to have another 0 in the command. Its currently set to find files larger than 10MB not 100 as the description states.

    • Ravi Saive says:

      @Ernesto,
      Thanks, corrected now..

      • Melvin says:

        While this post is quite old. May I make two suggestions. 34) instead of running -exec rm -rf, the less cpu taxing option would be to add -delete to find. Would be good to note and using -print first to confirm what is being deleted or just the find command piped to head to confirm some of the files is a good step before using any additional command/options that would delete.

        35) Pretty much the same as 34 as it is missing the deletion option.

  2. hi! glad i found your site and the informative articles. question re: “35 Practical Examples of Linux Find Command”:
    in # 3. ‘ find /home -iname tecmint.txt’, what is proper way to filter results of this command such that the Uppercase results are sorted from the lowercase results?
    ex.:
    …….
    Techmint.com
    Techmint.com1
    Techmint.com2 …….

    techmint.com
    techmint.com1
    techmint.com2, etc., etc., etc.

    Thanks again for all the good info. Have A Healthy, Prosperous Day!
    —rob

  3. Mac says:

    Can you explain this option to me, I am new to the command line – still learning.

    #15 # find / -type f -perm 0777 -print -exec chmod 644 {} \;

    the symbols {} and the \

    I am a bit confused, any help/advice would be great.

  4. vijaya says:

    It is really helpful for beginners

    thanks…

  5. Luis says:

    como recuperar los archivos eliminados con el comando # find / -type f -name *.mp3 -size +10M -exec ls -l {} \;

  6. Joe says:

    In example 22, the description should be ‘under the / root directory’ instead of ‘under /root directory’.

  7. PDFformat says:

    Can you please publish the posts in PDF format ?

    Thanks for the post :)

  8. Siddharth says:

    35. Find all .mp3 files with more than 10MB and delete them using one single command.

    # find / -type f -name *.mp3 -size +10M -exec ls -l {} \; — but there is not command to delete the files.

    1) how to list files in range (A001 to A090)suppose if there are log file which names are
    starting with log.A001 to log.A00nth or may be more .
    2)list out the files created in a certain date.
    3)search the string pattern “xyz” in all files and count how many times the string is present in all the locations.

    please help

  9. karna says:

    In example 35 i think it should be rm instead of ls -l

  10. ram says:

    Locate User “username” regular files and save as /tmp/backup

    find / -user username -type f -exec cp -a ………………. please complete this … needed earlier

  11. Anudeep S P says:

    How we can find the the files inside a directory with respect to date range and remove them.?

    Example: I want to remove the files created between “1st Jan 2012 8AM” and “5th Jan 2014 10PM”

  12. ngapakerz says:

    how can i use this two as single command?
    find -name ‘*.jpg’ -mtime +7 -exec jpegoptim {} \;
    find -name ‘*.jpg’ -mtime +7 -exec chown www-data:www-data {} \;
    thanks :)

  13. Rondinelli says:

    Amazing! very helpful!

  14. Dinkar says:

    How to delete a file in a directory which was created 13months back?

  15. sameer says:

    this is quite useful page and I used many of these commands after seeing your page .

    thank you so much for such a wonderful collection of the commands with example.

    All the best to you

  16. anonymous says:

    This is an incredibly useful building block, thanks!!

  17. snarker says:

    You know, with HTML you can turn a table of contents into links that take a reader straight to each section … just sayin’.

  18. Sanjay says:

    it is very useful for me as i m new to shell commands.
    thanks for posting articles…..

  19. Pravin shegokar says:

    Hello sir,i am working on migration project,i have a few question sir how to migrate all users home directory data to new linux system using bash shell script.will u please provide me any script or idea for that.thanx in advance.

    • Ravi Saive says:

      Dear Pravin,

      We surely provide you a step-by-step instructions on how to migrate all Linux users from one server to another server using some command line tricks. Till then stay tuned for the updates.

  20. Andre says:

    Find all Files larger than 20M in Home Dir and show it sorted

    find /home -type f -size +20M -exec du -h {} \; | sort -h

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