Cacti tool is an open source web based network monitoring and system monitoring graphing solution for IT business. Cacti enables a user to poll services at regular intervals to create graphs on resulting data using RRDtool. Generally, it is used to graph time-series data of metrics such as network bandwidth utilization, CPU load, running processes, disk space etc.
In this how-to we are going to show you how to install and setup complete network monitoring application called Cacti using Net-SNMP tool on RHEL 6.3/6.2/6.1/6/5.8, CentOS 6.3/6.2/6.1/6/5.8 and Fedora 17,16,15,14,13,12 systems using YUM package manager tool.
Cacti Required Packages
The Cacti required following packages to be installed on your Linux operating systems like RHEL / CentOS / Fedora.
- Apache : A Web server to display network graphs created by PHP and RRDTool.
- MySQL : A Database server to store cacti information.
- PHP : A script module to create graphs using RRDTool.
- PHP-SNMP : A PHP extension for SNMP to access data.
- NET-SNMP : A SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is used to manage network.
- RRDTool : A database tool to manage and retrieve time series data like CPU load, Network Bandwidth etc.
Installing Cacti Required Packages on RHEL / CentOS / Fedora
First, we need to install following dependency packages one-by-one using YUM package manager tool.
# yum install httpd httpd-devel
# yum install mysql mysql-server
# yum install php-mysql php-pear php-common php-gd php-devel php php-mbstring php-cli php-mysql
# yum install php-snmp
# yum install net-snmp-utils p net-snmp-libs php-pear-Net-SMTP
# yum install rrdtool
Staring Apache, MySQL and SNMP Services
Once you’ve installed all the required software’s for Cacti installation, lets start them one-by-one using following commands.
# /etc/init.d/httpd start OR # service httpd start
# /etc/init.d/mysqld start OR # service mysqld start
# /etc/init.d/snmpd start OR # service snmpd start
Configure Start-up Links
Configuring Apache, MySQL and SNMP Services to start on boot.
# /sbin/chkconfig --levels 345 httpd on # /sbin/chkconfig --levels 345 mysqld on # /sbin/chkconfig --levels 345 snmpd on
Install Cacti on RHEL / CentOS / Fedora
Here, you need to install and enable EPEL Repository. Once you’ve enabled repository, type the following command to install Cacti application.
# yum install cacti
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package cacti.noarch 0:0.8.8a-2.el6 will be installed --> Finished Dependency Resolution Dependencies Resolved ================================================================================ Package Arch Version Repository Size ================================================================================ Installing: cacti noarch 0.8.8a-2.el6 epel 2.0 M Transaction Summary ================================================================================ Install 1 Package(s) Total download size: 2.0 M Installed size: 5.4 M Is this ok [y/N]: y Downloading Packages: cacti-0.8.8a-2.el6.noarch.rpm | 2.0 MB 00:40 Running rpm_check_debug Running Transaction Test Transaction Test Succeeded Running Transaction Installing : cacti-0.8.8a-2.el6.noarch 1/1 Verifying : cacti-0.8.8a-2.el6.noarch 1/1 Installed: cacti.noarch 0:0.8.8a-2.el6 Complete!
Configuring MySQL Server for Cacti Installation
We need to configure MySQL for Cacti, to do this we need to set password for our newly installed MySQL server and then we will create Cacti database with user Cacti. If you’re MySQL is already password protected, then don’t need to set it again.
Set MySQL Password
To set new password for MySQL server, use the following command. (Note : This is for new MySQL installation only).
# mysqladmin -u root password YOUR-PASSWORD-HERE
Create MySQL Cacti Database
Login into MySQL server with newly created password and create Cacti database with user Cacti and set the password for it.
# mysql -u root -p mysql> create database cacti; mysql> GRANT ALL ON cacti.* TO cacti@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'your-password-here'; mysql> FLUSH privileges; mysql> quit;
Install Cacti Tables to MySQL
Find out the database file path using RPM command, to install cacti tables into newly created Cacti database, use the following command.
# rpm -ql cacti | grep cacti.sql
Now we’ve of the location of Cacti.sql file, type the following command to install tables, here you need to type the Cacti user password.
mysql -u cacti -p cacti < /usr/share/doc/cacti-0.8.8a/cacti.sql
Configure MySQL settings for Cacti
Open the file called /etc/cacti/db.php with any editor.
# vi /etc/cacti/db.php
Make the following changes and save the file. Make sure you set password correctly.
/* make sure these values reflect your actual database/host/user/password */ $database_type = "mysql"; $database_default = "cacti"; $database_hostname = "localhost"; $database_username = "cacti"; $database_password = "your-password-here"; $database_port = "3306"; $database_ssl = false;
Configuring Apache Server for Cacti Installation
Open file called /etc/httpd/conf.d/cacti.conf with your choice of editor.
# vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/cacti.conf
You need to enabled access to Cacti application for your local network or per IP level. For example we’ve enabled access to our local LAN network 172.16.16.0/20. In your case, it would be different.
Alias /cacti /usr/share/cacti <Directory /usr/share/cacti/> Order Deny,Allow Deny from all Allow from 172.16.16.0/20 </Directory>
Finally, restart the Apache service.
# /etc/init.d/httpd restart OR # service httpd restart
Setting Cron for Cacti
Open file /etc/cron.d/cacti.
# vi /etc/cron.d/cacti
Uncomment the following line. The poller.php script runs every 5mins and collects data of known host which is used by Cacti application to display graphs.
#*/5 * * * * cacti /usr/bin/php /usr/share/cacti/poller.php > /dev/null 2>&1
Running Cacti Installer Setup
Finally, Cacti is ready, just go to http://YOUR-IP-HERE/cacti/ & follow the installer instruction through the following screens. Click Next button.
Please choose installation Type as “New Install“.
Make sure all the following values are correct before continuing. Click Finish button.
Cacti Login Screen, enter username as admin and password as admin.
Once you’ve entered username and password, it will ask you to enter a new password for cacti.
Cacti Console Screen.
How to Create New Graphs
To create graphs, Click on New Graphs –> Select Host –> Select SNMP – Interface Statistics and Select a graph type In/Out Bits. Click on Create button. Please refer screen below.
For more information and usage please visit the Cacti Page.