top is a traditional command-line tool for monitoring real-time processes in a Unix/Linux systems, it’s comes preinstalled on most if not all Linux distributions and shows a useful summary of system information including uptime, total number of processes (and number of: running, sleeping, stopped and zombie processes), CPU and RAM usage, and a list of processes or threads currently being managed by the kernel.
Htop is an interactive, ncurses-based processes viewer for Linux systems. It is practically a top-like tool, but it displays colorful text, and uses ncurses to implement a text-graphical interface, and allows for output scrolling. It doesn’t come preinstalled on most mainstream Linux distributions.
Why Htop is Better Than Top Monitoring Tool
Htop has become increasingly popular among Linux users, due to its modern features and ease of use. In fact, this has sparked a “top Vs htop” debate. The following are some of htop features not present in top – why Linux users now prefer htop to its old counterpart top:
- It has a nicer text-graphics interface, with colored output.
- It is easy to use and highly configurable.
- Allows for scrolling process list vertically and horizontally to see all processes and complete command lines.
- It also displays a process tree and comes with mouse support.
- Allows you to easily perform certain functions related to processes (killing, renicing etc) which can be done without entering their PIDs.
- Htop is also much faster than top.
Another important thing to share that, in recent version of Ubuntu 18.04, htop package comes preinstalled, it’s in the list of default Bionic packages.
In addition, the htop package has been moved from the Universe repository (which contains community-maintained free and open-source packages) into the main repository (which contains free and open-source packages supported by Canonical), as shown by the publishing history of htop package in Ubuntu, on Launchpad.
Bearing in mind these recent advancements concerning the htop package in the Ubuntu repositories, coupled with its growing popularity among Linux users, the big question here is, will htop replace top as the default process monitoring tool on Linux Systems? Let’s watch the space!
There are also other tools in the mix, such as glances and atop; the former is cross-platform, the most advanced of them all, and it’s becoming popular as well. Glances is highly configurable, it can run in: standalone, client/server and web server mode.
Although htop has modern process monitoring features and is easier to use, top has been around for a long time, and it is proven and tested. What is your take on this issue? Which of these tools would you say is better for Linux process monitoring? Use the feedback form below to share your thoughts with us.