HTTPie – A Modern HTTP Client Similar to Curl and Wget Commands
HTTPie (pronounced aitch-tee-tee-pie) is a cURL-like, modern, user-friendly, and cross-platform command line HTTP client written in Python. It is designed to make CLI interaction with web services easy and as user-friendly as possible.
It has a simple http command that enables users to send arbitrary HTTP requests using a straightforward and natural syntax. It is used primarily for testing, trouble-free debugging, and mainly interacting with HTTP servers, web services and RESTful APIs.
- HTTPie comes with an intuitive UI and supports JSON.
- Expressive and intuitive command syntax.
- Syntax highlighting, formatted and colorized terminal output.
- HTTPS, proxies, and authentication support.
- Support for forms and file uploads.
- Support for arbitrary request data and headers.
- Wget-like downloads and extensions.
- Supports ython 2.7 and 3.x.
In this article, we will show how to install and use httpie with some basic examples in Linux.
How to Install and Use HTTPie in Linux
Most Linux distributions provide a HTTPie package that can be easily installed using the default system package manager, for example:
# apt-get install httpie [On Debian/Ubuntu] # dnf install httpie [On Fedora] # yum install httpie [On CentOS/RHEL] # pacman -S httpie [On Arch Linux]
Once installed, the syntax for using httpie is:
$ http [options] [METHOD] URL [ITEM [ITEM]]
The most basic usage of httpie is to provide it a URL as an argument:
$ http example.com
Now let’s see some basic usage of httpie command with examples.
Send a HTTP Method
You can send a HTTP method in the request, for example, we will send the GET method which is used to request data from a specified resource. Note that the name of the HTTP method comes right before the URL argument.
$ http GET tecmint.lan
Upload a File
This example shows how to upload a file to transfer.sh using input redirection.
$ http https://transfer.sh < file.txt
Download a File
You can download a file as shown.
$ http https://transfer.sh/Vq3Kg/file.txt > file.txt #using output redirection OR $ http --download https://transfer.sh/Vq3Kg/file.txt #using wget format
Submit a Form
You can also submit data to a form as shown.
$ http --form POST tecmint.lan date='Hello World'
View Request Details
To see the request that is being sent, use
-v option, for example.
$ http -v --form POST tecmint.lan date='Hello World'
Basic HTTP Auth
HTTPie also supports basic HTTP authentication from the CLI in the form:
$ http -a username:password http://tecmint.lan/admin/
Custom HTTP Headers
You can also define custom HTTP headers in using the Header:Value notation. We can test this using the following URL, which returns headers. Here, we have defined a custom User-Agent called ‘strong>TEST 1.0’:
$ http GET https://httpbin.org/headers User-Agent:'TEST 1.0'
See a complete list of usage options by running.
$ http --help OR $ man ttp
You can find more usage examples from the HTTPie Github repository: https://github.com/jakubroztocil/httpie.
HTTPie is a cURL-like, modern, user-friendly command line HTTP client with simple and natural syntax, and displays colorized output. In this article, we have shown how to install and use httpie in Linux. If you have any questions, reach us via the comment form below.