Install Cacti (Network Monitoring) on RHEL/CentOS 7.x/6.x/5.x and Fedora 24-12

Cacti tool is an open source web based network monitoring and system monitoring graphing solution for IT business. Cacti enables a user to poll services at regular intervals to create graphs on resulting data using RRDtool. Generally, it is used to graph time-series data of metrics such as network bandwidth utilization, CPU load, running processes, disk space etc.

Install Cacti in Linux

Install Cacti in RHEL / CentOS / Fedora

In this how-to we are going to show you how to install and setup complete network monitoring application called Cacti using Net-SNMP tool on RHEL 7.x/6.x/5.x, CentOS 7.x/6.x/5.x and Fedora 24-12 systems using YUM and DNF (Fedora 23 onwards) package manager tool.

Cacti Required Packages

The Cacti required following packages to be installed on your Linux operating systems like RHEL / CentOS / Fedora.

  1. Apache : A Web server to display network graphs created by PHP and RRDTool.
  2. MySQL : A Database server to store cacti information.
  3. PHP : A script module to create graphs using RRDTool.
  4. PHP-SNMP : A PHP extension for SNMP to access data.
  5. NET-SNMP : A SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is used to manage network.
  6. RRDTool : A database tool to manage and retrieve time series data like CPU load, Network Bandwidth etc.

Installing Cacti Required Packages on RHEL / CentOS / Fedora

First, we need to install following dependency packages one-by-one using YUM package manager tool.

Install Apache

# yum install httpd httpd-devel

--------- On Fedora 22+ releases --------- 
# dnf install httpd httpd-devel
Install Apache in CentOS 6 and 7

Apache Web Server Installation

Install MySQL

# yum install mysql mysql-server      [On RHEL/CentOS 6/5 and Fedora 12-18]
MySQL Installation in CentOS 6

MySQL Installation

MariaDB is a community-developed fork of the MySQL database project, and provides a replacement for MySQL. Previously the official supported database was MySQl under RHEL/CentOS 6.x/5.x and Fedora.

Recently, RedHat makes a new transaction from MySQl to MariaDB, as MariaDB is the default implementation of MySQL in RHEL/CentOS 7.x and Fedora 19 onwards..

# yum install mariadb-server -y		[On RHEL/CentOS 7.x and Fedora 19 onwards]
# dnf install mariadb-server -y         [On Fedora 22+ onwards]
Install MariaDB in CentOS 7

Installation of MariaDB Database

Install PHP

# yum install php-mysql php-pear php-common php-gd php-devel php php-mbstring php-cli

--------- On Fedora 22+ releases --------- 
# dnf install php-mysql php-pear php-common php-gd php-devel php php-mbstring php-cli
Install PHP in CentOS 6 and 7

PHP Installation with Modules

Install PHP-SNMP

# yum install php-snmp
# dnf install php-snmp         [On Fedora 22+ onwards]
Install SNMP in CentOS

SNMP Installation

Install NET-SNMP

# yum install net-snmp-utils net-snmp-libs
# dnf install net-snmp-utils net-snmp-libs         [On Fedora 22+ onwards]
Install SNMP Utils

Install SNMP Utils

Install RRDTool

# yum install rrdtool
# dnf install rrdtool         [On Fedora 22+ onwards]
Install Rrdtool

Install Rrdtool

Staring Apache, MySQL and SNMP Services

Once you’ve installed all the required software’s for Cacti installation, lets start them one-by-one using following commands.

On RHEL/CentOS 6.x/5.x and Fedora 18-12
[[email protected] ~]# service httpd start
[[email protected] ~]# service mysqld start
[[email protected] ~]# service snmpd start
Start Services in CentOS 6

Start Services Using init

On RHEL/CentOS 7.x and Fedora 19 Onwards
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl start httpd.service
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl start mariadb.service
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl start snmpd.service
Start Services in CentOS 7

Start Services Using systemctl

Configure System Start-up Links

Configuring Apache, MySQL and SNMP Services to start on boot.

On RHEL/CentOS 6.x/5.x and Fedora 18-12
[[email protected] ~]# /sbin/chkconfig --levels 345 httpd on
[[email protected] ~]# /sbin/chkconfig --levels 345 mysqld on
[[email protected] ~]# /sbin/chkconfig --levels 345 snmpd on
Enable Services at Boot in CentOS

Enable Services at Boot Using chkconfig

On RHEL/CentOS 7.x and Fedora 19 Onwards
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl enable httpd.service
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl enable mariadb.service
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl enable snmpd.service
Enable Services at Boot in CentOS 7

Enable Services at Boot Using systemctl

Install Cacti on RHEL / CentOS / Fedora

Here, you need to install and enable EPEL Repository. Once you’ve enabled repository, type the following command to install Cacti application.

# yum install cacti
# dnf install cacti         [On Fedora 22+ onwards]

Sample Output:

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
epel/x86_64/metalink                                                                                                                                                  | 4.7 kB  00:00:00
epel                                                                                                                                                                  | 4.4 kB  00:00:00
(1/2): epel/x86_64/group_gz                                                                                                                                           | 250 kB  00:00:03
(2/2): epel/x86_64/primary_db                                                                                                                                         | 4.0 MB  00:02:20
(1/2): epel/x86_64/updateinfo                                                                                                                                         | 315 kB  00:00:09
(2/2): epel/x86_64/pkgtags                                                                                                                                            | 1.4 MB  00:00:59
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: centos.excellmedia.net
 * epel: ftp.cuhk.edu.hk
 * extras: centos.excellmedia.net
 * updates: centos.excellmedia.net
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package cacti.noarch 0:0.8.8b-7.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: rrdtool for package: cacti-0.8.8b-7.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: net-snmp-utils for package: cacti-0.8.8b-7.el7.noarch
--> Running transaction check
---> Package net-snmp-utils.x86_64 1:5.7.2-18.el7 will be installed
---> Package rrdtool.x86_64 0:1.4.8-8.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=============================================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                           Arch                                      Version                                           Repository                               Size
=============================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 cacti                                             noarch                                    0.8.8b-7.el7                                      epel                                    2.1 M
Installing for dependencies:
 net-snmp-utils                                    x86_64                                    1:5.7.2-18.el7                                    base                                    195 k
 rrdtool                                           x86_64                                    1.4.8-8.el7                                       base                                    368 k

Transaction Summary
=============================================================================================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package (+2 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 2.7 M
Installed size: 7.2 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
(1/3): net-snmp-utils-5.7.2-18.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                         | 195 kB  00:00:04
warning: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/epel/packages/cacti-0.8.8b-7.el7.noarch.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID 352c64e5: NOKEY==============-        ]  56 kB/s | 2.4 MB  00:00:05 ETA
Public key for cacti-0.8.8b-7.el7.noarch.rpm is not installed
(2/3): cacti-0.8.8b-7.el7.noarch.rpm                                                                                                                                  | 2.1 MB  00:00:53
(3/3): rrdtool-1.4.8-8.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                 | 368 kB  00:02:47
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                                                                         16 kB/s | 2.7 MB  00:02:47
Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-7
Importing GPG key 0x352C64E5:
 Userid     : "Fedora EPEL (7) <[email protected]>"
 Fingerprint: 91e9 7d7c 4a5e 96f1 7f3e 888f 6a2f aea2 352c 64e5
 Package    : epel-release-7-5.noarch (installed)
 From       : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-7
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
Warning: RPMDB altered outside of yum.
  Installing : rrdtool-1.4.8-8.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                1/3
  Installing : 1:net-snmp-utils-5.7.2-18.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                      2/3
  Installing : cacti-0.8.8b-7.el7.noarch                                                                                                                                                 3/3
/var/tmp/rpm-tmp.mR0t1v: line 1: fg: no job control
warning: %post(cacti-0.8.8b-7.el7.noarch) scriptlet failed, exit status 1
Non-fatal POSTIN scriptlet failure in rpm package cacti-0.8.8b-7.el7.noarch
  Verifying  : 1:net-snmp-utils-5.7.2-18.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                      1/3
  Verifying  : rrdtool-1.4.8-8.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                2/3
  Verifying  : cacti-0.8.8b-7.el7.noarch                                                                                                                                                 3/3

Installed:
  cacti.noarch 0:0.8.8b-7.el7

Dependency Installed:
  net-snmp-utils.x86_64 1:5.7.2-18.el7                                                              rrdtool.x86_64 0:1.4.8-8.el7

Complete!

Configuring MySQL Server for Cacti Installation

We need to configure MySQL for Cacti, to do this we need to set password for our newly installed MySQL server and then we will create Cacti database with user Cacti. If you’re MySQL is already password protected, then don’t need to set it again.

Set MySQL Password

To set new password for MySQL server, use the following command. (Note : This is for new MySQL installation only).

[[email protected] ~]# mysqladmin -u root password YOUR-PASSWORD-HERE

Create MySQL Cacti Database

Login into MySQL server with newly created password and create Cacti database with user Cacti and set the password for it.

On RHEL/CentOS 6.x/5.x and Fedora 18-12
[[email protected] ~]# mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 3
Server version: 5.1.73 Source distribution
Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> create database cacti;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> GRANT ALL ON cacti.* TO [email protected] IDENTIFIED BY 'tecmint';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> FLUSH privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> quit;
Bye
On RHEL/CentOS 7.x and Fedora 19 Onwards
[[email protected] ~]# mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 3
Server version: 5.5.41-MariaDB MariaDB Server
Copyright (c) 2000, 2014, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]> create database cacti;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON cacti.* TO [email protected] IDENTIFIED BY 'tecmint';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> quit;
Bye

Install Cacti Tables to MySQL

Find out the database file path using RPM command, to install cacti tables into newly created Cacti database, use the following command.

# rpm -ql cacti | grep cacti.sql
Sample Output:
/usr/share/doc/cacti-0.8.8b/cacti.sql
OR
/usr/share/doc/cacti/cacti.sql

Now we’ve of the location of Cacti.sql file, type the following command to install tables, here you need to type the Cacti user password.

[[email protected] ~]# mysql -u cacti -p cacti < /usr/share/doc/cacti-0.8.8b/cacti.sql
Enter password:

Configure MySQL settings for Cacti

Open the file called /etc/cacti/db.php with any editor.

# vi /etc/cacti/db.php

Make the following changes and save the file. Make sure you set password correctly.

/* make sure these values reflect your actual database/host/user/password */
$database_type = "mysql";
$database_default = "cacti";
$database_hostname = "localhost";
$database_username = "cacti";
$database_password = "your-password-here";
$database_port = "3306";
$database_ssl = false;

Configuring Firewall for Cacti

On RHEL/CentOS 6.x/5.x and Fedora 18-12
[[email protected] ~]# iptables -A INPUT -p udp -m state --state NEW --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
[[email protected] ~]# iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
[[email protected] ~]# service iptables save
On RHEL/CentOS 7.x and Fedora 19 Onwards
[[email protected] ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
[[email protected] ~]# firewall-cmd --reload

Configuring Apache Server for Cacti Installation

Open file called /etc/httpd/conf.d/cacti.conf with your choice of editor.

# vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/cacti.conf

You need to enabled access to Cacti application for your local network or per IP level. For example we've enabled access to our local LAN network 172.16.16.0/20. In your case, it would be different.

Alias /cacti    /usr/share/cacti
 
<Directory /usr/share/cacti/>
        Order Deny,Allow
        Deny from all
        Allow from 172.16.16.0/20
</Directory>

In latest version of Apache (ex: Apache 2.4), you may need to change according to the following settings.

Alias /cacti    /usr/share/cacti

<Directory /usr/share/cacti/>
        <IfModule mod_authz_core.c>
                # httpd 2.4
                Require all granted
        </IfModule>
        <IfModule !mod_authz_core.c>
                # httpd 2.2
                Order deny,allow
                Deny from all
                Allow from all
        </IfModule>
</Directory>

Finally, restart the Apache service.

[[email protected] ~]# service httpd restart				[On RHEL/CentOS 6.x/5.x and Fedora 18-12]

[[email protected] ~]# systemctl restart httpd.service		[On RHEL/CentOS 7.x and Fedora 19 onwards]

Setting Cron for Cacti

Open file /etc/cron.d/cacti.

# vi /etc/cron.d/cacti

Uncomment the following line. The poller.php script runs every 5mins and collects data of known host which is used by Cacti application to display graphs.

#*/5 * * * *    cacti   /usr/bin/php /usr/share/cacti/poller.php > /dev/null 2>&1

Running Cacti Installer Setup

Finally, Cacti is ready, just go to http://YOUR-IP-HERE/cacti/ & follow the installer instruction through the following screens. Click Next button.

Cacti Installer Screen

Cacti Setup Screen

Please choose installation Type as "New Install".

Cacti New Install Setup

Select Cacti New Install

Make sure all the following values are correct before continuing. Click Finish button.

Cacti Installation

Cacti Installation Directories

Cacti Login Screen, enter username as admin and password as admin.

Cacti Login Screen

Cacti Login Screen

Once you've entered username and password, it will ask you to enter a new password for cacti.

Set Cacti Password

Cacti Force Password Screen

Cacti Console Screen.

Cacti Console

Cacti Console Screen

How to Create New Graphs

To create graphs, Click on New Graphs --> Select Host --> Select SNMP - Interface Statistics and Select a graph type In/Out Bits. Click on Create button. Please refer screen below.

Create Graphs in Cacti

How to Create Graphs in Cacti

Cacti Monitoring Graphs

Cacti Monitoring Graphs

For more information and usage please visit the Cacti Page.

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363 Responses

  1. Gurudatta N.R says:

    Your mixing too many things in one post, Do it for one Os release, it will be better.

  2. Ramesh Khatri says:

    Why my graphs are empty after still a hour

  3. Dev says:

    Forbidden

    You don’t have permission to access /cacti/ on this server.

    I am facing this error while visit http://localhost/cacti/.

    Please give me solutions.

    Thanks.

    • Ravi Saive says:

      @Dev,

      Please check your Cacti installation and also enable access to IP address on Apache. If you still get same error, check the logs for solution.

  4. Aung Thet Phyo says:

    I have an error, while running the following command.

    # mysql -u cacti -p cacti < /usr/share/doc/cacti-0.8.8b/cacti.sql
    

    Please how to to do fix?

  5. Henry says:

    I ran into the below error.

    MySQL TimeZone Support
    ERROR: Your Cacti database login account does not have access to the MySQL TimeZone database. Please provide the Cacti database account “select” access to the “time_zone_name” table in the “mysql” database, and populate MySQL’s TimeZone information before proceeding.

    and I followed these following instructions to resolve.

    # mysql_tzinfo_to_sql /usr/share/zoneinfo | mysql -u root -p mysql
    mysql> use mysql;
    mysql> GRANT SELECT ON mysql.time_zone_name TO [email protected];
    mysql> flush privileges;
    
  6. BhushanM says:

    No package mariadb-server available.
    What to do?

  7. sittipol says:

    My Cacti Graphs are not showing. Where should I check?

  8. Rob says:

    Thanks for your post. You can add epel repo installation to the post for CentOS7 with “yum install epel-release -y”

  9. Hafiz says:

    Hi, could you updated this guide for the latest version of cacti? seem there are some file permission needed for it to install the template.

  10. Samuel says:

    I have installed Cacti but its not polling. It simply shows a white box with cacti logo.

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