Vi has been around for a long, developed around 1976, it offered users traditional yet powerful features such as an effective editing interface, terminal control, and many more.
However, it lacked certain captivating features for example multiple screens, syntax highlighting, multiple undo functionality, and so on, that many Unix/Linux users were looking for in a complete text editor.
Therefore, Vim (Vi Improved) was developed to bring users a fully-featured, advanced, and complete text editor. Vim is a powerful, highly configurable, popular, and cross-platform text editor that runs on Unix-like systems such as Linux, OS X, Solaris, *BSD, and MS-Windows.
A number of its notable features include:
- Persistent, multi-level undo tree
- Supports multiple screens
- Highly extensible using multiple plugins
- Offers users a powerful and reliable search tool
- Supports several programming languages and file formats
- Supports and integrates with numerous tools and many more
Ten years since major changes were made to Vim, a new and improved release, Vim 8.2 is now out as in this announcement. It comes with some important improvements, several bug fixes, and new features as listed below:
New Features in Vim 8.2
- Asynchronous I/O support, channels, JSON
- Supports partials, lambdas, and closures
- Enables new style testing
- Viminfo merged by timestamp
- Supports GTK+3
- Support for MS-Windows DirectX
How To Install Vim Editor in Linux Systems
In most modern Linux distributions, you can install Vim editor from the default repositories using the package manager, but the available version you will get is a little older.
$ sudo apt install vim [On Debian, Ubuntu and Mint] $ sudo dnf install vim [On RHEL, CentOS and Fedora] $ sudo pacman -S vim [On Arch Linux and Manjaro] $ sudo zypper install vim [On OpenSuse]
Although Vim 8.2 is out, it will take a good amount of time before it gets into official software repositories for the different Linux distributions.
Luckily, users of Ubuntu and Mint and its derivatives can use the unofficial and untrusted PPA to install it as shown.
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:jonathonf/vim $ sudo apt update $ sudo apt install vim
After installation, you can launch vim from the command line and view information about it as shown:
To uninstall it and move back to the older version in the Ubuntu repository, run the following commands to purge the PPA:
$ sudo apt install ppa-purge $ sudo ppa-purge ppa:jonathonf/vim
Compiling Vim from Sources in Linux
For other Linux distributions, it will take some time to include it into official software repositories, but you can try the latest Vim 8.0 by compiling it from the source on your own as shown.
On Debian/Ubuntu and Mint
$ sudo apt install ncurses-dev $ wget https://github.com/vim/vim/archive/master.zip $ unzip master.zip $ cd vim-master $ cd src/ $ ./configure $ make $ sudo make install $ vim
On RHEL/CentOS and Fedora
# yum install ncurses-devel # wget https://github.com/vim/vim/archive/master.zip # unzip master.zip # cd vim-master # cd src/ # ./configure # make # sudo make install # vim
Arch users can install the latest Vim using pacman as shown:
# pacman -S vim
For other Linux distributions, you can download and build it on your own:
Last but not least, if you have installed Vim, try it out and get back to us by using the feedback section below. Make any suggestions or share your experience with us and much more. We shall be delighted to get vital remarks from you.