Installation Guide of Linux Mint 18 Codename ‘Sarah’ with Screenshots

Linux Mint is a modern, polished, easy-to-use and comfortable community-driven GNU/Linux desktop distribution based on the popular Ubuntu Linux distribution. It is a great and recommended distribution for computer users switching from Windows or Mac OS X operating system to the Linux platform.

Last week, the stable release of Linux Mint 18 code named “Sarah” was officially announced by the Linux Mint development team and users are ready to upgrade to the new version. Unlike its predecessor Rosa, which was based on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr, Sarah is based on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus.

Linux Mint 18 Installation Guide

Linux Mint 18 Installation Guide

Importantly, Linux Mint 18 is a long term support (LTS) release to be supported until 2021 and comes along with several updated software, improvements and some new features and these include:

  1. Linux Kernel 4.4
  2. Ubuntu 16.04 package base
  3. Cinnamon 3.0 and MATE 1.14 desktops
  4. MDM 2.0
  5. X-apps
  6. Update manager
  7. Mint-Y plus many more

Upgrade from Linux Mint 18 Beta to Linux Mint 18 Stable Release

For users who have been testing the beta release of Linux Mint 18, you can now upgrade to stable release as follows:

In the system Menu, search for Update Manager and launch it, then click on the refresh button to apply any level one updates.

Update Linux Mint 18 Beta to Linux Mint 18 Stable

Update Linux Mint 18 Beta to Linux Mint 18 Stable

Note: In the stable version, samba package was removed, because it slowed down the boot process. To remove samba from your system, use the command below:

$ sudo apt purge samba

It will also be possible to upgrade from Linux Mint 17.3 to Linux Mint 18 Sarah, but the upgrade instructions will be available next month.

For Fresh Linux Mint 18 installation, go through these instructions to install the latest version of Linux Mint on your machine. Same instructions also apply for both Cinnamon and Mate desktop installations.

Download Linux Mint 18 ISO Images

First of all, you need to download the ISO image from the links below:

  1. Cinnamon Desktop: 32-bit64-bit
  2. MATE Desktop: 32-bit64-bit

Next, make a bootable media-USB flash/DVD by following the guide in the link below:

  1. Create a bootable media using Unetbootin or dd Command

Installation of Linux Mint 18 Sarah

1. After creating a bootable media, insert into a working USB port or DVD drive and boot into it, then, after a few seconds, you should be able to see the screen below and finally a live Linux Mint 18 desktop.

Linux Mint 18 Boot Screen

Linux Mint 18 Boot Screen

Double click on “Install Linux Mint” installer icon to start the installer.

Click on "Install Linux Mint" Icon

Click on “Install Linux Mint” Icon

2. You should be at the welcome screen below, select the installation language and click on “Continue” button.

Select Linux Mint 18 Installation Language

Select Linux Mint 18 Installation Language

3. Then prepare to start the actual installation process, you can check the check-box in the screen below to install third-party software for graphics, Wi-Fi hardware, flash, MP3 plus many other media. After that, click on the “Continue” to proceed.

Select to Install Third-party Software

Select to Install Third-party Software

4. Then, select the Installation type as follows, to perform manual partitioning, select “Something else” and click on “Continue” to proceed.

Select Linux Mint 18 Installation Type

Select Linux Mint 18 Installation Type

5. You will have to do a manual installation disk setup. To perform a manual partitioning scheme, click on “New Partition Table”.

Select New Partitioning Table

Select New Partitioning Table

6. Next, click “Continue” on the dialog box in the screen below to set up a new empty partition table on the hard disk you have selected.

Create New Partitioning Table

Create New Partitioning Table

7. Then double click on “free space” that has been made available on the hard disk to create new partitions on the hard disk.

Create New Partitions

Create New Partitions

8. From the screen above, click on the “+” button to create the root partition for your Linux Mint 18. You will see the screen below and enter the following parameters and click “OK”.

Size: Set appropriate size
Type partition: Primary 
Location for the new partition: Beginning of this space
Set partition filesystem type: Ext4 journaling file system 
Set the mount point from here: /
Create Root Partition

Create Root Partition

9. Next, create a swap partition which is space on your hard disk that temporarily holds data not actively being worked on by the system from RAM.

To create the swap space, click on the “+” sign, enter the parameters as in the screen below and click “OK”.

Create Swap Partition

Create Swap Partition

Partition Table Summary

Partition Table Summary

10. After creating all the partitions, click on the “Install Now” and Click on “Continue” on the dialog box below asking you to confirm the partitioning scheme you have set.

Confirm Write Changes to Partitions

Confirm Write Changes to Partitions

11. Select your country location from the screen below and click “Continue”.

Select Country Timezone

Select Country Timezone

12. Next, select your default Keyboard Layout and click “Continue”.

Select Default Keyboard Layout

Select Default Keyboard Layout

13. Now it is time to set up a system user account. Enter the your full name, computer name, a system user name and a good password. After that, click on “Continue”.

Create New User Account

Create New User Account

14. The actual system files will now be installed on your root partition as in the screen below.

Linux Mint 18 Installation Progress

Linux Mint 18 Installation Progress

Wait until the installation process is complete, you will see the dialog box below, remove the installation USB/DVD and then, click “Restart Now” to reboot your machine.

Linux Mint 18 Installation Complete

Linux Mint 18 Installation Complete

15. After rebooting, you will see the screen below, click on the username on the screen and enteer your password to login into Linux Mint 18 Cinnamon desktop..

Linux Mint 18 Desktop Login Screen

Linux Mint 18 Desktop Login Screen

Linux Mint 18 Login Screen

Linux Mint 18 Login Screen

Linux Mint 18 Desktop

Linux Mint 18 Desktop

Hoping that everything went on well, you can now enjoy Linux Mint 18 on your machine. For any questions or additional information, you can use the comment section below.

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Aaron Kili

Aaron Kili is a Linux and F.O.S.S enthusiast, an upcoming Linux SysAdmin, web developer, and currently a content creator for TecMint who loves working with computers and strongly believes in sharing knowledge.

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30 Responses

  1. Charlie N says:

    Hi, Currently running Mint 17 Qiana for the past year, on an 80 GB root internal drive, and two other drives, a 160 GB and a 1TB drive, both using USB the 80GB drive is telling me it is full, yet the directories say it is only “half” full machine is sluggish and acting strangely…(I can’t save files to desktop…)

    So, I purchased a 2 TB drive, and wish to install Mint 18.3 Sarah, on that, keeping the two USB data drives. Are there any pitfalls I should watch for? I would also like to name the partitions rather than
    have a 17 digit Alpha- Numeric naming protocol on my 1TB drive, and a 9 digit Alpha- Numeric for the 160GB as it is currently (by default).

    This will be my 2nd Linux installation. Thank You.

  2. morteza says:

    Hi, i installed Linux Mint with following partition /(120GB), swap(4gb) and /home (remained capacity approximately 376 Gb). my HDD is 500GB. every thing is going well. but I have a drive on my computer beside filesystem (which is my root) when I want to open I face to this error “unable to mount location, can’t mount file”.

    I don’t know about this drive is that /root drive? why I can’t mount it.I want another drive to save my files and other stuff except /root and /home partition.

    • Aaron Kili says:

      @morteza

      You need to mount the drive partition manually and add a mount entry in /etc/inittab so it is auto mounted at boot time. For more info, check out the mount utility man page.

  3. vkmp1432 says:

    I am getting error input/output error 5 while copying of mint 18.2

  4. Sadick says:

    How should i partition my hard disk into drive c and drive d like that of windows.

    • Aaron Kili says:

      Just follow the steps used in the guide, it is done the same way the partitions here have been created. C=/ (root)partition in Linux and likewise create another partition as D.

  5. mgroup says:

    What happens if you skip adding the partitions during installation? I have to ask since I am new to linux.

  6. onadd says:

    Why not create the 3rd partition for /home? It will save you the headache for future reinstalls.

  7. Aravind Kumar says:

    Hello Aaron,
    Great article, really it helped me in installing mint 18 on my Pc.great going follow up with same pace.

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