BEGINNER’S GUIDE FOR LINUX – Start Learning Linux in Minutes

Hello Friends,

Welcome to this exclusive edition “BEGINNER’S GUIDE FOR LINUX” by TecMint, this course module is specially designed and compiled for those beginners, who want to make their way into the Linux learning process and do the best in today’s IT organizations. This courseware is created as per requirements of the industrial environment with complete entrance to Linux, which will help you to build great success in Linux.

We have given special priority to Linux commands and switches, scripting, services and applications, access control, process control, user management, database management, web services, etc. Even though the Linux command-line provides thousands of commands, but only a few basic commands you need to learn to perform a day-to-day Linux task.


All students must have a little understanding of computers and the passion to learn new technology.


This courseware is presently supported on the latest releases of Linux distributions like Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS, Debian, Ubuntu, etc.

Course Objectives

Section 1: Introduction To Linux and OS Installations

  1. Linux Boot Process
  2. Linux File System Hierarchy
  3. Installation of CentOS 7
  4. Installation of Various Linux Distributions including Debian, RHEL, Ubuntu, Fedora, etc
  5. Installation of latest VirtualBox on Linux
  6. Dual Boot Installation of Windows and Linux

Section 2: Essentials of Basic Linux Commands

  1. List Files and Directories Using ‘ls’ Command
  2. Switch Between Linux Directories and Paths with ‘cd’ Command
  3. How to Use ‘dir’ Command with Different Options in Linux
  4. Find Out Present Working Directory Using ‘pwd’ Command
  5. Create Files using ‘touch’ Command
  6. Copy Files and Directories using ‘cp’ Command
  7. View File Content with ‘cat’ Command
  8. Check File System Disk Space Usage with ‘df’ Command
  9. Check Files and Directories Disk Usage with ‘du’ Command
  10. Find Files and Directories using find Command
  11. Find File Pattern Searches using grep Command

Section 3: Essentials of Advance Linux Commands

  1. Quirky ‘ls’ Commands Every Linux User Must Know
  2. Manage Files Effectively using head, tail and cat Commands in Linux
  3. Count Number of Lines, Words, Characters in File using ‘wc’ Command
  4. Basic ‘sort’ Commands to Sort Files in Linux
  5. Advance ‘sort’ Commands to Sort Files in Linux
  6. Pydf an Alternative “df” Command to Check Disk Usage
  7. Check Linux Ram Usage with ‘free’ Command
  8. Advance ‘rename’ Command to Rename Files and Directories
  9. Print Text/String in Terminal using ‘echo’ Command

Section 4: Some More Advanced Linux Commands

  1. Switching From Windows to Nix – 20 Useful Commands for Newbies – Part 1
  2. 20 Advanced Commands for Middle Level Linux Users – Part 2
  3. 20 Advanced Commands for Linux Experts – Part 3
  4. 20 Funny Commands of Linux or Linux is Fun in Terminal – Part 1
  5. 6 Interesting Funny Commands of Linux (Fun in Terminal) – Part 2
  6. 51 Useful Lesser Known Commands for Linux Users
  7. 10 Most Dangerous Commands – You Should Never Execute on Linux

Section 5: User, Group and File Permissions Management

  1. How to Add or Create New Users using ‘useradd’ Command
  2. How to Modify or Change Users Attributes using ‘usermod’ Command
  3. Managing Users & Groups, File Permissions & AttributesAdvance Level
  4. Difference Between su and sudo – How to Configure sudoAdvance Level
  5. How to Monitor User Activity with psacct or acct Tools

Section 6: Linux Package Management

  1. Yum Package Management – CentOS, RHEL and Fedora
  2. RPM Package Management – CentOS, RHEL and Fedora
  3. APT-GET and APT-CACHE Package Management – Debian, Ubuntu
  4. DPKG Package Management – Debian, Ubuntu
  5. Zypper Package Management – Suse and OpenSuse
  6. Linux Package Management with Yum, RPM, Apt, Dpkg, Aptitude and ZypperAdvance Level
  7. 27 ‘DNF’ (Fork of Yum) Commands for RPM Package ManagementNew Update

Section 7: System Monitoring & Cron Scheduling

  1. Linux Process Monitoring with top Command
  2. Linux Process Management with Kill, Pkill and Killall Commands
  3. Linux File Process Management with lsof Commands
  4. Linux Job Scheduling with Cron
  5. 20 Command Line Tools to Monitor Linux Performance – Part 1
  6. 13 Linux Performance Monitoring Tools – Part 2
  7. Nagios Monitoring Tool for LinuxAdvance Level
  8. Zabbix Monitoring Tool for LinuxAdvance Level
  9. Shell Script to Monitor Network, Disk Usage, Uptime, Load Average and RAMNew Update

Section 8: Linux Archiving/Compression, Backup/Sync and Recovery

Archiving/Compression Files
  1. How to Archive/Compress Linux Files and Directories using ‘tar’ Command
  2. How to Open, Extract and Create RAR Files in Linux
  3. 5 Tools to Archive/Compress Files in Linux
  4. How to Archive/Compress Files and Setting File AttributesAdvance Level
Backup/Sync Files and Directories in Linux
  1. How to Copy/Synchronize Files and Directories Locally/Remotely with rsync
  2. How to Transfer Files/Folders in Linux using scp
  3. Rsnapshot (Rsync Based) – A Local/Remote File System Backup Tool
  4. Sync Two Apache Web Servers/Websites Using Rsync – Advance Level
Backup/Recovery Linux Filesystems
  1. Backup and Restore Linux Systems using Redo Backup Tool
  2. How to Clone/Backup Linux Systems Using – Mondo Rescue Disaster Recovery Tool
  3. How to Recover Deleted Files/Folders using ‘Scalpel’ Tool
  4. 8 “Disk Cloning/Backup” Softwares for Linux Servers

Section 9: Linux File System / Network Storage Management

  1. What is Ext2, Ext3 & Ext4 and How to Create and Convert Linux File Systems
  2. Understanding Linux File System Types
  3. Linux File System Creation and ConfigurationsAdvance Level
  4. Setting Up Standard Linux File Systems and Configuring NFSv4 ServerAdvance Level
  5. How to Mount/Unmount Local and Network (Samba & NFS) FilesystemsAdvance Level
  6. How to Create and Manage Btrfs File System in LinuxAdvance Level
  7. Introduction to GlusterFS (File System) and InstallationAdvance Level

Section 10: Linux LVM Management

  1. Setup Flexible Disk Storage with Logical Volume Management
  2. How to Extend/Reduce LVM’s (Logical Volume Management)
  3. How to Take Snapshot/Restore LVM’s
  4. Setup Thin Provisioning Volumes in LVM
  5. Manage Multiple LVM Disks using Striping I/O
  6. Migrating LVM Partitions to New Logical Volume

Section 11: Linux RAID Management

  1. Introduction to RAID, Concepts of RAID and RAID Levels
  2. Creating Software RAID0 (Stripe) on ‘Two Devices’ Using ‘mdadm
  3. Setting up RAID 1 (Mirroring) using ‘Two Disks’ in Linux
  4. Creating RAID 5 (Striping with Distributed Parity) in Linux
  5. Setup RAID Level 6 (Striping with Double Distributed Parity) in Linux
  6. Setting Up RAID 10 or 1+0 (Nested) in Linux
  7. Growing an Existing RAID Array and Removing Failed Disks in Linux
  8. Assembling Partitions as RAID Devices – Creating & Managing System Backups

Section 12: Manage Services in Linux

  1. Configure Linux Services to Start and Stop Automatically
  2. How to Stop and Disable Unwanted Services in Linux
  3. How to Manage ‘Systemd’ Services Using Systemctl in Linux
  4. Managing System Startup Process and Services in Linux

Section 13: Linux System Security and Firewall

Linux Security and Tools
  1. 25 Hardening Security Tips for Linux Servers
  2. 5 Best Practices to Secure and Protect SSH Server
  3. How to Password Protect Grub in Linux
  4. Protect SSH Logins with SSH & MOTD Banner Messages
  5. How to Audit Linux Systems using Lynis Tool
  6. Secure Files/Directories using ACLs (Access Control Lists) in Linux
  7. How to Audit Network Performance, Security, and Troubleshooting in Linux
  8. Mandatory Access Control Essentials with SELinuxNew Update
Linux Firewall and Tools
  1. Basic Guide on IPTables (Linux Firewall) Tips / Commands
  2. How To Setup an Iptables Firewall in Linux
  3. How to Configure ‘FirewallD’ in Linux
  4. Useful ‘FirewallD’ Rules to Configure and Manage Firewall in Linux
  5. How to Install and Configure UFW – An Un-complicated FireWall
  6. Shorewall – A High-Level Firewall for Configuring Linux Servers
  7. Install ConfigServer Security & Firewall (CSF) in Linux
  8. How to Install ‘IPFire’ Free Firewall Linux Distribution
  9. How to Install and Configure pfSense 2.1.5 (Firewall/Router) in Linux
  10. 10 Useful Open Source Security Firewalls for Linux Systems

Section 14: LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL/MariaDB and PHP) Setup’s

  1. Installing LAMP in RHEL/CentOS 6.0
  2. Installing LAMP in RHEL/CentOS 7.0
  3. Ubuntu 14.04 Server Installation Guide and Setup LAMP
  4. Installing LAMP in Arch Linux
  5. Setting Up LAMP in Ubuntu Server 14.10
  6. Installing LAMP in Gentoo Linux
  7. Creating Your Own Webserver and Hosting A Website from Your Linux Box
  8. Apache Virtual Hosting: IP Based and Name Based Virtual Hosts in Linux
  9. How to Setup Standalone Apache Server with Name-Based Virtual Hosting with SSL Certificate
  10. Creating Apache Virtual Hosts with Enable/Disable Vhosts Options in RHEL/CentOS 7.0
  11. Creating Virtual Hosts, Generate SSL Certificates & Keys and Enable CGI Gateway in Gentoo Linux
  12. Protect Apache Against Brute Force or DDoS Attacks Using Mod_Security and Mod_evasive Modules
  13. 13 Apache Web Server Security and Hardening Tips
  14. How to Sync Two Apache Web Servers/Websites Using Rsync
  15. How to Install ‘Varnish’ (HTTP Accelerator) and Perform Load Testing Using Apache Benchmark
  16. Installing and Configuring LAMP/LEMP Stack on Debian 8 JessieNew Update

Section 15: LEMP (Linux, Nginx, MySQL/MariaDB and PHP) Setup’s

  1. Install LEMP in Linux
  2. Installing FcgiWrap and Enabling Perl, Ruby and Bash Dynamic Languages on Gentoo LEMP
  3. Installing LEMP in Gentoo Linux
  4. Installing LEMP in Arch Linux

Section 16: MySQL/MariaDB Administration

  1. MySQL Basic Database Administration Commands
  2. 20 MySQL (Mysqladmin) Commands for Database Administration in Linux
  3. MySQL Backup and Restore Commands for Database Administration
  4. How to Setup MySQL (Master-Slave) Replication
  5. Mytop (MySQL Database Monitoring) in Linux
  6. Install Mtop (MySQL Database Server Monitoring) in Linux

Section 17: Basic Shell Scripting

  1. Understand Linux Shell and Basic Shell Scripting Language Tips – Part I
  2. 5 Shell Scripts for Linux Newbies to Learn Shell Programming – Part II
  3. Sailing Through The World of Linux BASH Scripting – Part III
  4. Mathematical Aspect of Linux Shell Programming – Part IV
  5. Calculating Mathematical Expressions in Shell Scripting Language – Part V
  6. Understanding and Writing functions in Shell Scripts – Part VI
  7. Deeper into Function Complexities with Shell Scripting – Part VII
  8. Working with Arrays in Linux Shell Scripting – Part 8
  9. An Insight of Linux “Variables” in Shell Scripting Language – Part 9
  10. Understanding and Writing ‘Linux Variables’ in Shell Scripting – Part 10
  11. Nested Variable Substitution and Predefined BASH Variables in Linux – Part 11

Section 18: Linux Interview Questions

  1. 15 Interview Questions on Linux “ls” Command – Part 1
  2. 10 Useful ‘ls’ Command Interview Questions – Part 2
  3. Basic Linux Interview Questions and Answers – Part 1
  4. Basic Linux Interview Questions and Answers – Part 2
  5. Linux Interview Questions and Answers for Linux Beginners – Part 3
  6. Core Linux Interview Questions and Answers
  7. Useful Random Linux Interview Questions and Answers
  8. Interview Questions and Answers on Various Commands in Linux
  9. Useful Interview Questions on Linux Services and Daemons
  10. Basic MySQL Interview Questions for Database Administrators
  11. MySQL Database Interview Questions for Beginners and Intermediates
  12. Advance MySQL Database “Interview Questions and Answers” for Linux Users
  13. Apache Interview Questions for Beginners and Intermediates
  14. VsFTP Interview Questions and Answers – Part 1
  15. Advance VsFTP Interview Questions and Answers – Part 2
  16. Useful SSH (Secure Shell) Interview Questions and Answers
  17. Useful “Squid Proxy Server” Interview Questions and Answers in Linux
  18. Linux Firewall Iptables Interview QuestionsNew Update
  19. Basic Interview Questions on Linux Networking – Part 1New Update

Section 19: Shell Scripting Interview Questions

  1. Useful ‘Interview Questions and Answers’ on Linux Shell Scripting
  2. Practical Interview Questions and Answers on Linux Shell Scripting

Section 20: Free Linux Books for Learning

  1. Complete Linux Command Line Cheat Sheet
  2. The GNU/Linux Advanced Administration Guide
  3. Securing & Optimizing Linux Servers
  4. Linux Patch Management: Keeping Linux Up To Date
  5. Introduction to Linux – A Hands on Guide
  6. Understanding the Linux® Virtual Memory Manager
  7. Linux Bible – Packed with Updates and Exercises
  8. A Newbie’s Getting Started Guide to Linux
  9. Linux from Scratch – Create Your Own Linux OS
  10. Linux Shell Scripting Cookbook, Second Edition
  11. Securing & Optimizing Linux: The Hacking Solution
  12. User Mode Linux – Understanding and Administration
  13. Bash Guide for Linux BeginnersNew Update

Section 21: Linux Certifications – Preparation Guides

  1. RHCSA (Red Hat Certified System Administrator) Certification Guide
  2. LFCS (Linux Foundation Certified Sysadmin) Certification Guide
  3. LFCE (Linux Foundation Certified Engineer) Certification Guide

Do let us know if you want to include any specific Linux howto’s, guides or tips into this Linux learning guide. Don’t forget to join our social communities and subscribe to our Email newsletter for more such howto’s.

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95 thoughts on “BEGINNER’S GUIDE FOR LINUX – Start Learning Linux in Minutes”

  1. Hi Ravi

    The index looks very extensive.

    Is the book available as pdf? BEGINNER’S GUIDE FOR LINUX – Start Learning Linux in Minutes


  2. Some glitches need to be addressed. There are some things like getting into a multi-line command prompt that is not beginner-friendly. Need to express how and why that works and most importantly how to get out of it.

    Would really appreciate a more detailed approach for newbies.


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